Puneet Varma

Hermissenda opalescens

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Kingdom  Animalia
Superfamily  Aeolidioidea
Species  H. opalescens
Genus  Hermissenda
Class  Gastropoda
Family  Facelinidae
Phylum  Mollusca
Hermissenda opalescens httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Similar  Hermissenda, Hermissenda crassicornis, Flabellina trilineata, Phidiana hiltoni, Peltodoris nobilis

Hermissenda opalescens is a species of brightly coloured sea slug or nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Facelinidae.

Contents

This species is commonly known as the "opalescent sea slug."

Distribution

This nudibranch was described from San Diego, California, United States. It has been reported from Northern California, to Punta Eugenia, Mexico. Its distribution overlaps with Hermissenda crassicornis in Northern California and this latter species is found north to Alaska. These two species were routinely treated as a single species during the last 90 years.

The species has also been observed in Bahia de los Angeles, Gulf of California.

Habitat

This sea slug is found in various habitats, including the intertidal zone of rocky shores, but also in bays and estuaries.

Description

The species grows to be about 50 mm, or about 2 inches.

This slug has been treated as a model organism and used in studies into classical conditioning, memory consolidation and associative learning, the structure of neural circuits and neural physiology. It has also been used to investigate ultrastructure and anatomy, larval and reproductive ecology, behavioral ecology and pharmacology and toxicology including studies into Beta thymosins. Unfortunately these studies did not differentiate between the three species of Hermissenda.

Life habits

This nudibranch feeds on hydroids and other marine organisms such as ascidians and sea anemones. It sometimes attacks other nudibranchs, and will eat smaller specimens of its own species. It is host to the ectoparasites Halicyclops thysanotus Wilson C.B., 1935 and Hemicyclops thysanotus Wilson C.B., 1935.

References

Hermissenda opalescens Wikipedia


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