Nisha Rathode

Henri de la Rochejaquelein

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Name  Henri la

Henri de la Rochejaquelein Sogni di una Rosa Bianca Henri de La Rochejaquelein
Died  January 28, 1794, Nuaille, France
Parents  Henri du Vergier de La Rochejaquelein
Similar People  Charles de Bonchamps, Jacques Cathelineau, Francois de Charette, Jean‑Nicolas Stofflet, Louis Marie de Lescure

Sortie hp 2013 troupe henri de la rochejaquelein


Henri du Vergier, comte de la Rochejaquelein (30 August 1772 – 28 January 1794), was the youngest general of the Royalist Vendéan insurrection during the French Revolution.

Contents

Henri de la Rochejaquelein Cathelineau et La Rochejaquelein des prestigieux chefs

Inauguration plaque la m moire d henri de la rochejaquelein


Early activities

Henri de la Rochejaquelein 4bpblogspotcomHE1lR1mlb8SuACAENlrnIAAAAAAA

Born in the Château de la Durbellière, Saint-Aubin-de-Baubigné, near Châtillon, La Rochejaquelein joined the Royal Polish Regiment, of which his father was colonel, in 1787. In February 1789 he became a member of the Flanders regiment of chasseurs. In March 1792 he became a member of the Constitutional Guard, charged with protecting the king. He fought for the first time defending the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August attack of 1792, as an officer of the Constitutional Guard of King Louis XVI.

Henri de la Rochejaquelein Henri de la Rochejaquelein Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Returning to his home province, he refused to comply with the levée en masse called by the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars and joined his cousin Louis Marie de Lescure on the latter's estates in Poitou.

Rebellion

Henri de la Rochejaquelein Henri De La Rochejaquelein 177294 Leader of the Revolt

Resistance to conscription soon escalated into a full rebellion, known as the War in the Vendée. Soon after, la Rochejaquelein and his compatriots started fighting the troops of the French Republic with Louis d'Elbée and the Marquis de Bonchamps from April 1793. There, he gave famous order "Mes amis, si j'avance, suivez-moi! Si je recule, tuez-moi! Si je meurs, vengez-moi!" ("Friends, if I advance, follow me! If I retreat, kill me! If I die, avenge me!").

Henri de la Rochejaquelein Henri de La Rochejaquelein 177294 at Paul Emile

Leading a few thousand Vendéan peasants, La Rochejaquelein gained his first victory over the French Revolutionary Army on 13 April, took part to the taking of Bressuire on 3 May, in the Battle of Fontenay-le-Comte on 25 May and in the Battle of Saumur on 9 June. At Fontenay he was famous for his contempt for danger, wearing three red handkerchiefs - on his head, around his neck and at his waist to defy the Republican gunners. After Fontenay his companions decided that they would also wear three red handkerchiefs so that La Rochejacquelin could not be singled out.

Henri de la Rochejaquelein Larochejacquelein is killed by the men whose life he

In August, after the Battle of Luçon, he regrouped the Vendéan army, which was on the verge of being disbanded, and won the Battle of Chantonnay on 5 September. On 13 September the thumb of his right hand was shattered by a bullet during an engagement with Republicans at Martigné-Briand but he continued to fire at his opponents. His famous portrait by Pierre Narcisse Guérin shows him with his right arm in a sling, shooting with his left hand. He had to retreat across the Loire after being beaten in the Battle of Cholet, on 17 October.

Final months

On 20 October, La Rochejaquelein was unanimously elected as commander-in-chief of the Catholic and Royal Army at the age of 21, replacing d'Elbée - who had been severely wounded in Cholet. However, his bravery did not compensate for his lack of experience and strategic skills. He marched onto Granville, took Avranches on 12 November but failed to seize Granville and retreated to Angers in order to cross the Loire.

Larger forces under François Séverin Marceau, Jean Baptiste Kléber, and François Joseph Westermann gave chase, defeating him once in Le Mans on 12 December and again, more severely, on 23 December in Savenay. After this decisive rout, the Catholic and Royal Army was no longer a fighting force, and La Rochejacquelein had to take to the woods disguised as a peasant. He managed to save the remains of his army by crossing the Loire, and left under the criticism of his fellow companions.

While trying to pursue a guerrilla war against the Republicans, he was killed by a Republican soldier near Nuaillé on 28 January 1794. On a reconnaissance mission he had spotted two Republican soldiers who pretended to surrender to him, but then shot him in the forehead. He was twenty-one years old. His brother Louis became the head of the royalists in Vendée in 1813 and furthered the royalist cause there during the Hundred Days period. He fell in battle at Pont-de-Mathis on 4 June 1815.

References

Henri de la Rochejaquelein Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Charles de Bonchamps
Jacques Cathelineau
Louis Marie de Lescure
Topics