Siddhesh Joshi

Henri Cartan

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Nationality  French
Name  Henri Cartan
Fields  Mathematics
Role  Mathematician

Institutions  University of Paris
Parents  Elie Cartan
Doctoral advisor  Paul Montel
Awards  Wolf Prize in Mathematics
Henri Cartan Henri Cartan 19042008 Socit Mathmatique de France
Born  July 8, 1904 Nancy, France (1904-07-08)
Alma mater  Ecole Normale Superieure
Doctoral students  Jean-Paul Benzecri Jean-Paul Brasselet Pierre Cartier Jacques Deny Adrien Douady Roger Godement Max Karoubi Jean-Louis Koszul Jean-Pierre Serre Banwari Lal Sharma Rene Thom
Died  August 13, 2008, Paris, France
Education  Lycee Hoche, Ecole Normale Superieure
Books  Elementary Theory of Analytic F, Differential forms, Homological algebra, Oeuvres ‑ Collected Works II, Oeuvres ‑ Collected Works III
Similar People  Elie Cartan, Andre Weil, Jean‑Pierre Serre, Jean Dieudonne, Claude Chevalley

Henri cartan et la theorie des faisceaux analytiques coherents


Henri Paul Cartan ([kaʁtɑ̃]; July 8, 1904 – August 13, 2008) was a French mathematician with substantial contributions in algebraic topology. He was the son of the French mathematician Élie Cartan and the brother of composer Jean Cartan.

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Henri Cartan Henri Paul Cartan 1904 2008 Genealogy

Henri Cartan une vie de mathématicien


Life

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Cartan studied at the Lycée Hoche in Versailles, then at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, receiving his doctorate in mathematics. He taught at the University of Strasbourg from November 1931 until the outbreak of the Second World War, after which he held academic positions at a number of other French universities, spending the bulk of his working life in Paris.

Henri Cartan Henri Cartan Wikipedia

Cartan is known for work in algebraic topology, in particular on cohomology operations, the method of "killing homotopy groups", and group cohomology. His seminar in Paris in the years after 1945 covered ground on several complex variables, sheaf theory, spectral sequences and homological algebra, in a way that deeply influenced Jean-Pierre Serre, Armand Borel, Alexander Grothendieck and Frank Adams, amongst others of the leading lights of the younger generation. The number of his official students was small, but includes Adrien Douady, Roger Godement, Max Karoubi, Jean-Louis Koszul, Jean-Pierre Serre and René Thom.

Cartan also was a founding member of the Bourbaki group and one of its most active participants. His book with Samuel Eilenberg Homological Algebra was an important text, treating the subject with a moderate level of abstraction with the help of category theory.

Cartan used his influence to help obtain the release of some dissident mathematicians, including Leonid Plyushch and Jose Luis Massera. For his humanitarian efforts, he received the Pagels Award from the New York Academy of Sciences.

The Cartan model in algebra is named after Cartan.

Cartan died on 13 August 2008 at the age of 104. His funeral took place the following Wednesday on 20 August in Die, Drome.

Honours and awards

Cartan received numerous honours and awards including the Wolf Prize in 1980. He was an Invited Speaker at the ICM in 1932 in Zurich and a Plenary Speaker at the ICM in 1950 in Cambridge, Massachusetts and in 1958 in Edinburgh. From 1974 until his death he had been a member of the French Academy of Sciences. He was a foreign member of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, Royal Society of London, Russian Academy of Sciences, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, United States National Academy of Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences and other academies and societies.

References

Henri Cartan Wikipedia


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