Heinrich Wilhelm Schott (7 January 1794 in Brünn (Brno), Moravia – 5 March 1865 at Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna) was an Austrian botanist well known for his extensive work on aroids (Family Araceae).
He studied botany, agriculture and chemistry at the University of Vienna, where he was a pupil of Joseph Franz von Jacquin (1766–1839). He was a participant in the Austrian Brazil Expedition from 1817 to 1821. In 1828 he was appointed Hofgärtner (royal gardener) in Vienna, later serving as director of the Imperial Gardens at Schönbrunn Palace (1845). In 1852 he was in charge of transforming part of palace gardens in the fashion of an English garden. He also enriched the Viennese court gardens with his collections from Brazil.
He was interested in Alpine flora, and was responsible for development of the alpinum at Schloss Belvedere in Vienna.Meletemata botanica (with Stephan Ladislaus Endlicher), 1832
Rutaceae. Fragmenta botanica, 1834
Genera filicum, 1834–1836
Analecta botanica (with Theodor Kotschy and Carl Fredrik Nyman), 1854
Synopsis Aroidearum, 1856
Icones Aroidearum, 1857
Genera Aroidearum Exposita, 1858
Prodromus Systematis Aroidearum, 1860