|Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan|
Political party Freedom Movement
Party Freedom Movement of Iran
Role Iranian Politician
Preceded by Ahmad Seyed Javadi
Name Hashem Sabbaghian
|Other political affiliations Nationalist-Religious movement|
Succeeded by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Hashem Sabbaghian (Persian: هاشم صباغيان; born 1937) is an Iranian politician, humanitarian, democracy activist and former parliament member. He was minister of interior in the interim government led by Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan in 1979. Later, he became member of parliament from 1980 to 1984.
Early life and education
Sabbaghian was born in 1937 in Tehran. His father, Taghi was a businessman. He completed his elementary education in Hafez School and secondary education in Marv High-School. He holds an engineering degree.
Sabbaghian started his political career in high school. He was one of the supporters of former Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh. He joined Anjoman-e Eslami in 1951 when party was created and following the 1953 coup against Mosaddegh, he became an opponent to Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's policies. He was elected to the board of directors of University of Tehran in 1967 and was vice chancellor of the university from 1970 to 1974. He was jailed four times before the Iranian Revolution.
Following the revolution in February 1979, he was appointed by Ruhollah Khomeini to reorganize the oil industry. On 12 June 1979, he was appointed as interior minister, replacing Ahmad Sayyed Javadi. During his tenure, he held the constitutional convention election. He was elected as a member of the parliament in the 1980 election from Tehran on the list of the Freedom Movement of Iran. He was the chairman of the parliament's urban and development commission. He resigned from cabinet post on 6 November 1980 along with Prime Minister Bazargan.
In the 1984 election, he ran for seat again, but withdrew his candidacy after two weeks due to political pressure from Islamic hardliners. His candidacy for the 1996 election was also rejected by the Council of Guardians.
Sabbaghian joined the Freedom Movement led by Ebrahim Yazdi and serves as Yazdi's deputy. Both of them were arrested in Isfahan on 1 October 2010.
Sabbaghian married in 1965 and has four daughters and one son. One of his daughters and his son are also members of the Freedom Movement of Iran .