| Saudi Arabia|
17 AH - 638 CE
| 231,978 (2004)|
Muhammad bin Fahd
Hafar Al-Batin Wikipedia
Hafar Al-Batin (Arabic: حفر الباطن Ḥafar al-Bāṭin) is a Saudi Arabian city in the Eastern Province. It is located 430 km north of Riyadh, 94.2 km from the Kuwait border, and about 74.3 from the Iraq border. The city lies in the dry valley of the Wadi al-Batin, which is part of the longer valley of the river Wadi Al-Rummah (now dry), which leads inland toward Medina and formerly emptied into the Persian Gulf.
In the 1st century after hijrah or 638 CE, Hafar Al-Batin was just a route in the desert that pilgrims passed through from Mecca for Hajj. At that time, there was no water available in this land, so the pilgrims travelled from Iraq to Mecca on a long route without water. During the reign of Uthman (644 - 656 CE), many pilgrims complain about the lack of water, and Abu-Musa al-Asha'ari, a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad responded by digging new wells along the route in the Al-Batin valley. The name of Hafar Al-Batin (Arabic: حفر الباطن, "the hole of Al-Batin Valley") is derived from this.
In 2010, Hafar Al-Batin, had more than 35 villages in its suburban area and the total population reached 389,993 to 600,000Hafar Al-Batin about +271,642 28°26′3″N 45°57′49″E
Qaisumah about +22,538 28°18′32″N 46°08′00″E
Al-Theebiyah about +14,442 28°07′30″N 45°40′03″E
Ar Raqa'i +5,665 29°01′00″N 46°33′00″E
As Su'ayerah about +3,607
As Sufayri about +2,481 28°31′25″N 45°48′09″E
Al-Qalt - Ibn Tuwalah about +1,128 28°37′48″N 45°19′48″E
Samoudah about +914
As Sadawi about +822
Um Qulaib about +612 27°49′50″N 45°58′55″E
An Nazim about +585 28°39′00″N 45°13′12″E
Dhabhah about +267
Um Ashar about +73 27°43′12″N 45°03′36″E
Al-Metiahah Al-Janobiyah about +61
Al-Hamatiyat about +17
All the downtown roads of Hafar Al-Batin are paved. It is connected with an international network of roads, connecting Saudi Arabia with Kuwait in the East and connecting the North with the Eastern Province.
Hafar Al-Batin has two airports, Qaisumah (IATA: AQI, ICAO: OEPA) airport about 20 km in the southeast, and King Khaled Military City Airport (IATA: KMC, ICAO: OEKK) about 70 km in the southwest.Abu-Musa al-Asha'ari
The weather in Hafar Al-Batin ranges from 4–8 °C (39–46 °F) in winter nights to 40–45 °C (104–113 °F) during summer days. The climate in general is hot and dry, and it rains only during winter months.
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh).