HMCS Carleton is a unit of the Canadian Forces Naval Reserve based in Ottawa, Ontario, with approximately 230 primarily part-time sailors.
In 1923, the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve (RCNVR) was established. This Reserve Force was organized into companies and half companies located in fourteen cities across Canada. In 1935, the name of the Ottawa Half-Company was changed to the "Ottawa Division of the RCNVR".
Just prior to Canada's declaration of war on Germany, the government called the Reserve into active service. For the duration of hostilities, the Ottawa Division concentrated on the recruitment and basic training of seamen. By the end of the war some 4,620 officers and men had enlisted through the Ottawa Reserve Division.
On 1 November 1941, the Ottawa Division was commissioned as HMCS Carleton. It was named after HMS Carleton, a schooner which took part in the Battle of Valcour Island, in 1776, during the American War of Independence. The schooner was named after Governor Guy Carleton.
On 17 December 1943 HMCS Carleton moved to its current facilities at Canadian Forces Reserve Barrack Dow's Lake, when the new "stone frigate" was inaugurated in the presence of Major General Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Governor General of Canada. In 1944, a new type of naval presence was added to Carleton when the barracks blocks were occupied by the Women's Royal Canadian Naval Service (WRENS). New training facilities were then added to Carleton in the late 1940s and early 1950s.
A memorial anchor with plaques on a concrete base, and nine-pounder guns were erected by HMCS Carleton. This memorial, which was unveiled on May 6, 1973 by Governor General Roland C. Michener,C.C., C.M.M., C.D., is dedicated to the Naval Reservists and the Naval Reserve in the fiftiether year of the Naval Reserve.
Since its establishment, members of Carleton have played an active role in the National Capital Region. In recognition of its contribution to the community, Carleton was presented with the Key to the City of Ottawa in 1976.
Until September 2013, HMCS Carleton operated continuously to provide employment and training for its sailors. Its facilities consisted of an administration building, drill hall, classroom building, shooting range, boat shed and a large vehicle compound.
On 19 March 2008 several main supports for the roof of the drill hall failed resulting in its closure and then demolition, and this accelerated plans to replace the 65-year-old administration building and drill hall. Temporary office and classroom spaces as well as a temporary parade structure were installed on site. At the end of September 2013 demolition of the administration building began. A new administration building and drill hall will be built for HMCS Carleton. Construction began in late 2013 and is expected to be completed by 2015. Currently one building remains to host the reserve unit while the work is completed. Once the rest of the buildings are constructed, this building will also be demolished.
Although most of the sailors who are members of HMCS Carleton work on a part-time basis through the training year (September to May), there is a staff of ten full-time members (five Class B Reservists and five Regular Force) who ensure the efficient operation and administration of the unit.
HMCS Carleton has administration nights every Tuesday, and training nights on Thursdays from mid-September through to early May. HMCS Carleton also has weekend training throughout the year in order to augment training.
The Commanding Officer is Lieutenant-Commander Carmen Lapointe.Royal Canadian Sea Cadet Corps Falkland
2317 30th Field Regiment Royal Canadian Army Cadet Corps
Navy League Cadet Corps Vice Admiral Kingsmill