Trisha Shetty

Guateque

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Country  Colombia
Founded  28 January 1636
Elevation  1,815 m (5,955 ft)
Area  36.04 km²
Local time  Saturday 4:49 AM
Department  Boyacá Department
Founded by  Diego Morales et al.
Website  Official website
Population  9,603 (2015)
Province  Eastern Boyacá Province
Guateque httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Weather  14°C, Wind NW at 3 km/h, 83% Humidity

Guateque is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Boyacá, part of the subregion of the Eastern Boyacá Province. Guateque's urban center is located at an altitude of 1,815 metres (5,955 ft) on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense at distances of 125 kilometres (78 mi) from the department capital Tunja and 112 kilometres (70 mi) from Bogotá, capital of Colombia. It borders the municipalities of La Capilla, Tenza, Sutatenza, Somondoco of Boyacá and Tibiritá and Manta of Cundinamarca.

Contents

Map of Guateque, Boyac%C3%A1, Colombia

Etymology

Guateque is derived from the original name Guatoc, meaning "Stream of the ravine" or "Lord of the winds".

History

In the centuries before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca, the central highlands of Colombia were inhabited by the Muisca. The Muisca practiced different rituals related to their religion. On the hill within the municipality that they called Guatoc, the people organized religious festivities. The cacique of Guateque was an important leader within the loose Muisca Confederation, as gold mining was executed in Guateque.

While catholic missionaries already were working in Guateque since 1556, the modern town was founded on January 28, 1636 by a group of Spanish leaders.

Economy

Despite the urban character of Guateque, almost half of its economy is based on agriculture and livestock farming. Predominant agricultural products are maize and tomatoes.

Born in Guateque

  • Víctor Carranza, "the czar of emeralds"
  • Francisco Estupiñán Heredia, politician
  • Enrique Olaya Herrera, president of Colombia
  • References

    Guateque Wikipedia


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