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Guarea

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Meliaceae
Higher classification  Meliaceae
Order  Sapindales
Scientific name  Guarea
Rank  Genus
Guarea Smithsonian Tropical Research InstituteGuarea guidonia
Lower classifications  Guarea cedrata, Guarea thompsonii

Guarea is a genus of evergreen trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae, native to tropical Africa and Central and South America. They are large trees 20–45 m tall, with a trunk over 1 m trunk diameter, often buttressed at the base. The leaves are pinnate, with 4–6 pairs of leaflets, the terminal leaflet present. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with 4–5 yellowish petals. The fruit is a four or five-valved capsule, containing several seeds, each surrounded by a yellow-orange fleshy aril; the seeds are dispersed by hornbills and monkeys which eat the fleshy aril.

Guarea Plants of Viales a pictorial guide Guarea guidonia
Selected species

Uses

Guarea httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The timber is important; the African species are known as bossé, guarea, or pink mahogany, and the South American species as cramantee or American muskwood. It is said to possibly cause hallucinations if ingested.

Guarea Guarea guidonia Images Useful Tropical Plants

The bark of Guarea rusbyi (Britton) Rusby, a synonym of Guarea guidonia (L.) Sleumer, is used as an expectorant named cocillana.

The wood can be used for sculpture and was favoured by the British 20th century sculptor Barbara Hepworth.

Guarea FileGuarea guidonia 1JPG Wikimedia Commons
Guarea STRI Office of Bioinformatics Metas
Guarea FileGuarea guidonia 5JPG Wikimedia Commons

References

Guarea Wikipedia


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