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Guards Reserve Corps

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Country  German Empire
Type  Corps
Guards Reserve Corps
Active  2 August 1914 - 9 February 1915 7 July 1915 - post November 1918
Size  Approximately 38,000 (on formation)
Engagements  World War I Battle of the Frontiers Eastern Front First Battle of the Masurian Lakes Battle of the Vistula River Western Front Battle of Passchendaele Battle of Pilckem Ridge

The Guards Reserve Corps (German: Garde-Reserve-Korps / Garde RK) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.

Contents

Formation

Guards Reserve Corps was formed on the outbreak of the war in August 1914 as part of the mobilisation of the Army. It was initially commanded by General der Artillerie Max von Gallwitz, formerly Inspector General of Artillery. It ceased to exist on 9 February 1915 as it headquarters was used to form the headquarters of Armee-Gruppe Gallwitz (later 12th Army) on the Eastern Front.

Temporary Corps Marschall was formed on 7 July 1915 and renamed Guards Reserve Corps on 18 April 1916. It was still in existence at the end of the war in the 4th Army, Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht on the Western Front.

Structure on formation

On formation in August 1914, Guards Reserve Corps consisted of two divisions. In general, Reserve Corps and Reserve Divisions were weaker than their active counterparts, but the Guards Reserve Corps was exceptional in that

the 3rd Guards Division, although newly formed, consisted almost entirely of regular army units the 1st Guards Reserve Division had a Field Artillery Brigade of two regiments (most Reserve Divisions only had a single regiment) the Corps Troops were equivalent to an Active Corps, lacking only an Aviation Detachment

In summary, Guards Reserve Corps mobilised with 26 infantry battalions, 9 machine gun companies (54 machine guns), 6 cavalry squadrons, 24 field artillery batteries (144 guns), 4 heavy batteries (16 guns) and 3 pioneer companies.

Combat chronicle

On mobilisation, Guards Reserve Corps was assigned to the 2nd Army as part of the right wing of the forces that invaded France and Belgium as part of the Schlieffen Plan offensive in August 1914. It participated in the capture of Namur and was immediately transferred to the Eastern Front to join the 8th Army in time to participate in the First Battle of the Masurian Lakes.

On 9 February 1915, the Corps headquarters was upgraded to form the headquarters of Armee-Gruppe Gallwitz (later 12th Army).

Temporary Corps Marschall was formed on 7 July 1915 and established as the Guards Reserve Corps on 18 April 1916. It was still in existence at the end of the war in the 4th Army, Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht on the Western Front.

Commanders

Guards Reserve Corps had the following commanders during its existence:

Glossary

  • Armee-Abteilung or Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.
  • Armee-Gruppe or Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
  • Heeresgruppe or Army Group in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.
  • References

    Guards Reserve Corps Wikipedia


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