Girish Mahajan

Gresik Regency

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Country  Indonesia
Website  www.gresikkab.go.id
Province  East Java
Time zone  WIB (UTC+7)
Area  1,137 km²
Local time  Friday 3:41 PM
Gresik Regency httpsc1staticflickrcom6561015480248260e0d
Weather  30°C, Wind E at 13 km/h, 71% Humidity
Colleges and Universities  Muhammadiyah University of Gresik, Sekolah Tinggi Teknik Qomaruddin
Points of interest  Delegan Beach, Bukit Jamur, Alun Alun Gresik, Dynasty Water World Gr, WISID

Gresik Regency (older spelling Grissee) (Javanese:Nggersik) is a regency within East Java Province of Indonesia. It includes the offshore Bawean Island, some 125 km to the north of Java and Madura. The regency's administrative centre is the town of Gresik, about 25 km to the northwest of Surabaya; Gresik is also the capital of the sub-region of Gerbangkartasusilo, the metropolitan region of the city of Surabaya.

Contents

Map of Gresik Regency, East Java, Indonesia

History

The port of Gresik-Djaratan has functioned as an important commercial center since the eleventh century, trading with merchants from as far away as China, India, and Arabia. Some of these traders helped spread Islam in the area. In 1487, Sunan Giri, Syech Maulana Malik Ibrahim, also known as Sultan Ainul Yaqin, began to rule Gresik. In his 1515 book, Suma Oriental, the Portuguese apothecary and traveller Tomé Pires described Gresik as "the jewel of Java in trading ports". Sunan Giri's descendants ruled the area for the following two centuries.

In 1974 the Indonesian government made Gresik, now a suburb of the regional capital of Surabaya, the capital of Gerbankartasusilo.

Administration

The Gresik Regency was divided at 2010 into eighteen kecamatan (district), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.

  • Wringinanom (65,411)
  • Driyorejo (120,149)
  • Kedamean (66,715)
  • Menganti (119,278)
  • Cerme (69,217)
  • Benjeng (57,336)
  • Balongpanggang (49,035)
  • Duduksampeyan (43,783)
  • Kebomas (106,259)
  • Gresik (76,594)
  • Manyar (109,949)
  • Bungah (57,689)
  • Sidayu (40,650)
  • Dukun (54,384)
  • Panceng (39,535)
  • Ujungpangkah (41,828)
  • Sangkapura (45,755)
  • Tambak (24,475)
  • Sangkapura and Tambak districts together constitute the island of Bawean, lying to the north of Madura but administratively a part of Gresik Regency.

    Industry

    A large number of industries have established themselves in Gresik, mainly supporting agriculture and agricultural machinery. A lot of home-based industry exists, making caps (songkoks), bags, etc.

    One of the largest factories in Gresik are PT. Semen Gresik (Gresik Portland Cement) and PT Petrokimia Gresik. PT. Semen Gresik, the largest cement factory in Indonesia, supplies 41% of the Indonesian market. While PT Petrokimia Gresik, the most complete fertilizer producer in Indonesia, supplies 50% of national subsidized fertilizers.

    21st-century Gresik

    The city has a reputation for its many coffee shops, called warkop (from warung kopi). In 2002, Petrokimia Putra (owned by PT Petrokimia Gresik), a soccer club from Gresik, won their first national league title in Jakarta.

    Climate

    Gresik has 44-88% of humidity. The maximum humidity is 88% and the average humidity is 58%. The wind velocity of Gresik is within the range of 0–18 km/hour. The maximum wind velocity is 18 km/hour and the average is 12.6 km/hour. The temperature of this City is within the range of 23 °C-35 °C with the average temperature is 28.5 °C.

    References

    Gresik Regency Wikipedia


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