Nisha Rathode (Editor)

Gregorio del Pilar

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Years of service

Brigadier General

Gregorio Pilar

Gregorio del Pilar wwwpmaphgregoriodelpilarfacejpg

Birth name
Gregorio del Pilar y Sempio

"Goyong""Boy General""Bayani ng Tirad Pass"

November 14, 1875 Bulacan, Bulacan, Captaincy General of the Philippines (

Commands held
Commanding Gen. Aguinaldo's rearguard

Ateneo de Manila University

Felipa Sempio, Fernando H. del Pilar

Similar People
Marcelo H del Pilar, Antonio Luna, Emilio Aguinaldo, Apolinario Mabini, Andres Bonifacio

December 2, 1899 (aged 24) Tirad Pass, Concepcion, Ilocos Sur, First Philippine Republic

General goyo the gregorio del pilar story 1

Gregorio Hilario del Pilar y Sempio (November 14, 1875 – December 2, 1899) was one of the youngest generals in the Philippine Revolutionary Forces during the Philippine revolution and the Philippine–American War. He is most known for his successful assault on the Spanish barracks of Cazadores in the municipality of Paombong, his victory on the first phase Battle of Quingua and his last stand at the Battle of Tirad Pass. during the Philippine-American war. Because of his youth, he became known as the "Boy General".


Gregorio del Pilar Gregorio Del Pilar 11 Interesting Facts About The Boy General

General goyo the gregorio del pilar story 2

Early life and education

Gregorio del Pilar Gregorio Del Pilar 11 Interesting Facts About The Boy General

Born on November 14, 1875 to Fernando H. del Pilar and Felipa Sempio of Bulacan, Bulacan, the fifth among six siblings. He was the nephew of propagandist Marcelo H. del Pilar and Toribio H. del Pilar, who was exiled in Guam for his involvement in the 1872 Cavite Mutiny.

Gregorio del Pilar Gregorio Del Pilar Artistic rendition by EZ Izon Taken f Flickr

"Goyong", as he was casually known, studied at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, where he received his bachelor's degree in 1896, at the age of 20. When the Philippine Revolution against Spanish rule broke out in August under the leadership of Andres Bonifacio, del Pilar joined the insurgency. He distinguished himself as a field commander while fighting Spanish garrisons in Bulacan.

Military career

Gregorio del Pilar Gregorio del Pilar Wikipedia

On December 28, 1896, he participated in an attack in Kakarong de SiliPandi, Bulacan on a town inimical to the Katipunan. On January 1, 1897, he was among the defenders when a Spanish counterattack retook the town, receiving a slight wound when a bullet grazed his forehead. His courage and bravery in that action won him recognition and a promotion to the rank of lieutenant. In August 1897, then a captain, he met with Emilio Aguinaldo in his Biak-na-bato headquarters and proposed an attack on a Spanish garrison in Paombong, Bulacan. Aguinaldo approved his plan and the attack was successfully carried out with the capture of 14 Mauser rifles. Shortly thereafter, Aguinaldo raised him to the rank of lieutenant colonel. After the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, he went into exile in Hong Kong with Aguinaldo and other revolutionary leaders.

Gregorio del Pilar ImbagHero powerpoint

After Americans defeated the Spanish in the Battle of Manila Bay during Spanish–American War, Aguinaldo, del Pilar, and other exiled leaders returned to the Philippines. Aguinaldo named del Pilar Dictator of Bulacan and Nueva Ecija provinces.

On June 24, 1898, he accepted the Spanish surrender of his home town of Bulacan. Shortly thereafter, he was promoted to the rank of brigadier general.

When the Philippine-American War broke out in February 1899, following the cession of the Philippines by Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris of 1898, del Pilar led his troops to a victory over Major Franklin Bell in the first phase of the Battle of Quingua (later renamed Plaridel in honor of his uncle) on April 23, 1899. During the battle, his forces repelled a cavalry charge and killed the highly respected Colonel John M. Stotsenburg, after whom Clark Air Base was originally named (Fort Stotsenburg).


On December 2, 1899, del Pilar led 60 Filipino soldiers of Aguinaldo's rear guard in the Battle of Tirad Pass against the "Texas Regiment", the 33rd Infantry Regiment of the United States led by Peyton C. March. A delaying action to cover Aguinaldo's retreat, the five-hour standoff resulted in Del Pilar's death from a shot to the neck, either at the height or at end of the fighting, depending on eyewitness accounts. Del Pilar's body was later despoiled and robbed by the victorious American soldiers. Del Pilar's body lay unburied for days, exposed to the elements. While retracing the trail, an American officer, Lt. Dennis P. Quinlan, gave the body a traditional U.S. military burial. Upon del Pilar's tombstone, Quinlan inscribed, "An Officer and a Gentleman".

In 1930, del Pilar's body was exhumed and was identified by the gold tooth and braces he had installed while in exile in Hong Kong.


  • Fort Del Pilar, home of the Philippine Military Academy in Baguio, is named after him.
  • In 1944, the Japanese-sponsored Philippine republic of President Jose P. Laurel issued the Tirad Pass Medal commemorating the battle and del Pilar's sacrifice. A bust of General del Pilar occupies the center of the obverse (front) side of the medal. The Tirad Pass Medal was the only award issued to recognize service to the Laurel government during the Japanese occupation.
  • In 1955, the municipality of Concepcion in Ilocos Sur was renamed in his honor.
  • In 2011, the newest vessel of the Philippine Navy, BRP Gregorio del Pilar, was named after him. The ship is a patrol frigate.
  • His life was shown in the Philippine TV news show Case Unclosed as its 13th episode.
  • Portrayed by Romnick Sarmenta in the 1997 film Tirad Pass: The Story of Gen. Gregorio del Pilar.
  • Portrayed by Felix Roco in the 2012 film El Presidente.
  • Portrayed by Paulo Avelino in the 2015 film Heneral Luna and its 2018 sequel Goyo: Ang Batang Heneral
  • References

    Gregorio del Pilar Wikipedia