Neha Patil (Editor)

Greater Middle East

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Population  ~750 million
Greater Middle East
Countries  37 countries  Afghanistan  Algeria  Bahrain  Djibouti  Egypt  Iran  Iraq  Israel  Jordan  Kuwait  Lebanon  Libya  Mauritania  Morocco  Oman  Pakistan  Palestine  Qatar  Saudi Arabia  Somalia  Somaliland  Sudan  Syria  Tunisia  Turkey Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic  United Arab Emirates  Yemen  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Cyprus  Georgia  Kazakhstan  Kyrgyzstan  Tajikistan  Turkmenistan  Uzbekistan
Languages  ~60 languages Official languages Arabic Armenian Greek Hebrew Kurdish Persian Turkish Georgian Urdu Unofficial spoken/recognized languages Abaza Abkhaz Afshar language Amharic Azerbaijani Balochi Chechen Chinese Circassian Crimean Tatar Coptic Domari English French Balkan Gagauz Turkish Gilaki Hungarian Hindi Italian Kabardian Kazakh Kumyk Kurbet Kyrgyz Judaeo-Spanish Laz Lurish Marathi Malayalam Mazanderani Aramaic Nobiin Qashqai Romanian Siwa Somali Syriac Spanish Punjabi Tagalog Talysh Tatar Thai Tosk Turkmen Turoyo Ukrainian Uyghur Yiddish Zaza
Time Zones  UTC+2:00, UTC+3:00, UTC+3:30, UTC+4:00, UTC+4:30
Largest Cities  Karachi Cairo Istanbul Tehran Lahore Baghdad Riyadh Faisalabad Khartoum

The Greater Middle East is a political term that denotes a set of contiguously connected countries. The region stretches from Morocco in the west all the way to the western edge of China in the east. Various countries in the South Caucasus and Central Asia are sometimes also included. According to Andrew Bacevich in his book "America's war for the Greater Middle East" (2016), the career soldier and Professor Emeritus at Boston University states that this region is the theatre for a series of conflicts dating back to 1980, which heralded the start of the Iran-Iraq war. Since then, the U.S. has been involved in balancing conflicts amongst these culturally interconnected nations in order to further its interests in the region. The Greater Middle East is sometimes referred to as "The New Middle East", or "The Great Middle East Project".


This term was more clearly defined to denote a specific region in the U.S. administration's preparatory work for the G8 summit of 2004 as part of a proposal for sweeping change in the way the West deals with the Middle East.

Former U.S. National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski states that a "political awakening" is taking place in this region which may be an indicator of the multi-polar world that is now developing. He alluded to the Greater Middle East as the "Global Balkans", and as a control lever on an area he refers to as Eurasia.

Countries and territories of the Greater Middle East

  •  Afghanistan
  •  Algeria
  •  Bahrain
  •  Djibouti
  •  Egypt
  •  Iran
  •  Iraq
  •  Israel
  •  Jordan
  •  Kuwait
  •  Lebanon
  •  Libya
  •  Mauritania
  •  Morocco
  •  Oman
  •  Pakistan
  •  Palestine
  •  Qatar
  •  Saudi Arabia
  •  Somalia
  •  Somaliland
  •  Sudan
  •  Syria
  •  Tunisia
  •  Turkey
  • Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
  •  United Arab Emirates
  •  Yemen
  • Countries sometimes associated with the Greater Middle East

  •  Armenia
  •  Azerbaijan
  •  Cyprus
  •  Georgia
  •  Kazakhstan
  •  Kyrgyzstan
  •  Tajikistan
  •  Turkmenistan
  •  Uzbekistan
  • Source: "America's War on the Greater Middle East, Andrew Bacevich (2016)"


    Greater Middle East Wikipedia