Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Great Ayton

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Population  4,629
Civil parish  Great Ayton
Sovereign state  United Kingdom
Shire county  North Yorkshire
Dialling code  01642
OS grid reference  NZ565115
Country  England
Local time  Thursday 7:32 AM
District  Hambleton
UK parliament constituency  Richmond
Great Ayton httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Region  Yorkshire and the Humber
Weather  8°C, Wind W at 29 km/h, 80% Humidity

Great ayton home of captain cook in yorkshire

Great Ayton is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, on the edge of the North York Moors. It lies 7 miles (11.3 km) southeast of Middlesbrough and 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of Stokesley on the border with the unitary authorities of Redcar and Cleveland and Middlesbrough. According to the 2011 Census, it has a population of 4,629. The name Great Ayton derives from the Old English Ea-tun, tun meaning farm and ea meaning river.


Map of Great Ayton, Middlesbrough, UK

North yorkshire country walk great ayton to captain cook s monument part 1


In the 18th and 19th centuries Great Ayton was a centre for the industries of weaving, tanning, brewing, and tile making: subsequently whinstone was also quarried from the Cleveland Dyke. It was home to the Great Ayton Friends' School (Quaker) from 1841 until it closed in 1997.


Great Ayton is situated at the foot of the Cleveland Hills beneath Easby Moor and the distinctively-shaped Roseberry Topping. The River Leven, a tributary of the River Tees, flows through the village and links its two centres, High Green and Low Green.

The Cleveland Dyke, a narrow band of hard whinstone rock that runs for about 31 miles between Robin Hood's Bay and Eaglescliffe lies to the north-east of the village.


An electoral ward of the same name exists. This ward stretches east to Kildale with a population taken at the 2011 census of 4,973.


The village was the boyhood home of Captain James Cook, the British explorer and navigator and many notable local landmarks relate to this.

The Cook family home on Bridge Street was built by James' father in 1755. The cottage was dismantled in 1934 to be shipped to Australia. Each stone was numbered so that the cottage could be reconstructed exactly in its new home in the Fitzroy Gardens in Melbourne. A granite obelisk now marks the original site of the cottage in Great Ayton. The obelisk is constructed from granite taken from Point Hicks, the first land sighted by Cook in Australia.

The Captain Cook Schoolroom Museum is within a former charity school, founded in 1704 by landowner Michael Postgate. James Cook received his early education here from 1736 to 1740.

A statue, located on High Green, depicts James Cook at the age of 16 looking towards Staithes where, according to tradition, he first felt the lure of the sea. The sculpture was commissioned by Hambleton District Council and is the work of sculptor Nicholas Dimbleby. It was unveiled on 12 May 1997.

In the parish of Little Ayton high on Easby Moor is Captain Cook's Monument a 51 ft (16 m) high obelisk and visible for miles around. It was constructed from local sandstone and was erected in 1827.


The parish church of Christ Church was built in 1876. It holds a number of services during the day that attract a total attendance of about 200. In the summer months, the evening service takes place in All Saints' Church, the former parish church, which dates back to the 12th century. The church has an organ built by James Jepson Binns. There is also a Methodist Church, Catholic and Religious Society of Friends in the village.

James Cook's mother and siblings are buried in the churchyard of All Saints' Church.


The village is served by Great Ayton railway station on the Esk Valley Line.

Notable people

The village was the boyhood home of Captain Cook, the British explorer and navigator, who was born in nearby Marton. James Cook and his family moved to the village when he was eight years old and lived there until he was sixteen.


Great Ayton Wikipedia