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Graceland Cemetery

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NRHP Reference #  00001628
Phone  +1 773-525-1105
Added to NRHP  18 January 2001
Area  48 ha
Year built  1860
Graceland Cemetery
Location  4001 N. Clark Street, Chicago, Illinois
Address  4001 N Clark St, Chicago, IL 60613, USA
Hours  Closed now Friday9AM–4PMSaturdayClosedSundayClosedMonday9AM–4PMTuesday9AM–4PMWednesday9AM–4PMThursday9AM–4PM
Burials  Louis Sullivan, Daniel Burnham
Similar  Getty Tomb, Eternal Silence, Oak Woods Cemetery, Bohemian National Cemetery, Sullivan Center

Haunted graceland cemetery


Graceland Cemetery is a large Victorian era cemetery located in the north side community area of Uptown, in the city of Chicago, Illinois, USA. Established in 1860, its main entrance is at the intersection of Clark Street and Irving Park Road. The Sheridan stop on the Red Line is the nearest CTA "L" station. Among the cemetery's 121 acres, are the burial sites of several well-known Chicagoans.

Contents

Architecture and identity graceland cemetery


History and geography

In the 19th century, a train to the north suburbs occupied the eastern edge of the cemetery where the "L" now rides. The line was also used to carry mourners to funerals, in specially rented funeral cars, requiring an entry on the east wall, now closed. At that point, the cemetery would have been well outside the city limits of Chicago. After the Great Chicago Fire in 1871, Lincoln Park which had been the city's cemetery, was deconsecrated and some of the bodies moved here. The edge of the pond around Daniel Burnham's burial island was once lined with broken headstones and coping transported from Lincoln Park. Lincoln Park then became a recreational area, with a single mausoleum remaining, the "Couch tomb", containing the remains of Ira Couch. The Couch Tomb is probably the oldest extant structure in the City, everything else having been destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire.

The cemetery is typical of those that reflect Queen Victoria's reconception of the early 19th century "graveyard". Instead of poorly maintained headstones, and bodies buried on top of each other, on an ungenerous parcel of land; the cemetery became a pastoral landscaped park dotted with memorial markers, with room left over for picnics, a common usage of cemeteries. The landscape architecture for Graceland was designed by Ossian Cole Simonds.

The cemetery's walls are topped off with wrought iron spear point fencing.

Notable tombs and monuments

Many of the cemetery's tombs are of great architectural or artistic interest, including the Getty Tomb, the Martin Ryerson Mausoleum (both designed by architect Louis Sullivan, who is also buried here), and the Schoenhofen Pyramid Mausoleum. The industrialist George Pullman was buried at night, in a lead-lined coffin within an elaborately reinforced steel-and-concrete vault, to prevent his body from being exhumed and desecrated by labor activists.

Along with its other famous burials the cemetery is notable for two statues by sculptor Lorado Taft, Eternal Silence for the Graves family plot and The Crusader that marks Victor Lawson's final resting place. The cemetery is also the final resting place of several victims of the tragic Iroquois Theater fire in which more than 600 people died.

Notable Burials

  • David Adler, architect
  • Walter Webb Allport, dentist
  • John Peter Altgeld, Governor of Illinois
  • Philip Danforth Armour, meat packing magnate
  • Ernie Banks, Chicago Cubs Hall of Fame baseball player
  • Frederic Clay Bartlett, artist, art collector
  • Mary Hastings Bradley, author
  • Lorenz Brentano, member of the State House of Representatives, United States consul at Dresden, Congressional Representative for Illinois
  • Doug Buffone, Chicago Bears former linebacker, host WSCR
  • Daniel H. Burnham, architect
  • Fred A. Busse, mayor of Chicago
  • Justin Butterfield, attorney, land grant developer
  • Members of the William Deering family
  • Augustus Dickens, brother of Charles Dickens (he died penniless in Chicago)
  • Roger Ebert, film critic, his ashes will eventually come to Graceland, but have not done so to date.
  • George Elmslie, architect
  • John Jacob Esher (1823–1901), Bishop of the Evangelical Association.
  • Marshall Field, businessman, retailer, whose memorial was designed by Henry Bacon, with sculpture by Daniel Chester French.
  • Bob Fitzsimmons, Heavyweight boxing champion, born in Cornwall, UK
  • Melville Fuller, Chief Justice of the United States
  • Elbert H. Gary, judge, chairman of U.S. Steel
  • Bruce A. Goff, architect
  • Sarah E. Goode, first African-American woman to receive a United States patent
  • Bruce Graham, architect of John Hancock building and Sears Tower (now called the Willis Tower)
  • Carter Harrison, Sr., mayor of Chicago
  • Carter Harrison, Jr., mayor of Chicago
  • Herbert Hitchcock, US Senator from South Dakota
  • William Holabird, architect
  • Henry Honoré, businessman, father of Bertha Honoré Palmer, father-in-law of Potter Palmer
  • William Hulbert, president of baseball's National League
  • Charles L. Hutchinson, banker, philanthropist and founding president of the Art Institute of Chicago
  • William Le Baron Jenney, Architect, Father of the American skyscraper
  • Elmer C Jensen "The Dean of Chicago Architects"
  • Jack Johnson, first African-American heavyweight boxing champion
  • Fazlur Khan, structural engineer
  • William Wallace Kimball, Kimball Piano and Organ Company
  • John Kinzie, Canadian pioneer, early white settler in the city of Chicago
  • Cornelius Krieghoff, well-known Canadian artist
  • Bryan Lathrop, businessman, philanthropist, and longtime President of the cemetery
  • Robert Henry Lawrence Jr., first African America astronaut
  • Victor F. Lawson, editor and publisher of the Chicago Daily News
  • Frank Lowden, Governor of Illinois
  • Marion Mahony Griffin, architect
  • Alexander C. McClurg, bookseller and Civil War general
  • Cyrus McCormick, businessman, inventor
  • Edith Rockefeller McCormick, Daughter-in-law of reaper inventor Cyrus McCormick
  • Maryland Mathison Hooper McCormick, second wife of Col. Robert R. McCormick
  • Nancy “Nettie” Fowler McCormick, businesswoman, philanthropist
  • Joseph Medill, publisher, mayor of Chicago
  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, architect
  • László Moholy-Nagy, influential photographer, teacher, and founder of the New Bauhaus and Institute of Design IIT in Chicago
  • Dawn Clark Netsch, comptroller of Illinois, professor & spouse of architect Walter Netsch
  • Walter Netsch, architect
  • Richard Nickel, photographer, architectural historian and preservationist
  • Ruth Page, dancer and choreographer
  • Bertha Honoré Palmer, philanthropist
  • Francis W. Palmer, newspaper printer, U.S. Representative, Public Printer of the United States
  • Potter Palmer, businessman
  • Allan Pinkerton, detective
  • George Pullman, inventor and railway industrialist
  • Hermann Raster, politician and editor
  • John Wellborn Root, architect
  • Howard Van Doren Shaw, architect
  • Washington Smith, pioneer wholesale grocer and philanthropist. The Washington and Jane Smith Home (now Smith Village) was named in his honor.
  • Louis Sullivan, architect
  • Charles Wacker, businessman and philanthropist, also director of the 1893 Columbian Exposition
  • Kate Warne, first female detective, Allan Pinkerton employee
  • Daniel Hale Williams, African-American surgeon who performed one of the first successful operations on the pericardium
  • Other cemeteries in the city of Chicago

    Graceland is one of three large 19th century cemeteries which were previously well outside the city limits; the other two being Rosehill (further north), and Oak Woods (South of Hyde Park) which includes a major monument to Confederate civil war dead.

    In addition, directly south of Graceland across Irving Park Road is the smaller German Protestant Wunder's Cemetery and Jewish Graceland Cemetery (divided by a fence), established in 1851. Also, the Roman Catholic, Saint Boniface Cemetery (1863), is four blocks north of Graceland at the corner of Clark and Lawrence.

    References

    Graceland Cemetery Wikipedia


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