18 January 2001
| 48 ha|
| 4001 N. Clark Street, Chicago, Illinois|
4001 N Clark St, Chicago, IL 60613, USA
Closed now Friday9AM–4PMSaturdayClosedSundayClosedMonday9AM–4PMTuesday9AM–4PMWednesday9AM–4PMThursday9AM–4PM
Louis Sullivan, Daniel Burnham
Getty Tomb, Eternal Silence, Oak Woods Cemetery, Bohemian National Cemetery, Sullivan Center
Graceland Cemetery is a large Victorian era cemetery located in the north side community area of Uptown, in the city of Chicago, Illinois, USA. Established in 1860, its main entrance is at the intersection of Clark Street and Irving Park Road. The Sheridan stop on the Red Line is the nearest CTA "L" station. Among the cemetery's 121 acres, are the burial sites of several well-known Chicagoans.
Graceland Cemetery Wikipedia
In the 19th century, a train to the north suburbs occupied the eastern edge of the cemetery where the "L" now rides. The line was also used to carry mourners to funerals, in specially rented funeral cars, requiring an entry on the east wall, now closed. At that point, the cemetery would have been well outside the city limits of Chicago. After the Great Chicago Fire in 1871, Lincoln Park which had been the city's cemetery, was deconsecrated and some of the bodies moved here. The edge of the pond around Daniel Burnham's burial island was once lined with broken headstones and coping transported from Lincoln Park. Lincoln Park then became a recreational area, with a single mausoleum remaining, the "Couch tomb", containing the remains of Ira Couch. The Couch Tomb is probably the oldest extant structure in the City, everything else having been destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire.
The cemetery is typical of those that reflect Queen Victoria's reconception of the early 19th century "graveyard". Instead of poorly maintained headstones, and bodies buried on top of each other, on an ungenerous parcel of land; the cemetery became a pastoral landscaped park dotted with memorial markers, with room left over for picnics, a common usage of cemeteries. The landscape architecture for Graceland was designed by Ossian Cole Simonds.
The cemetery's walls are topped off with wrought iron spear point fencing.
Many of the cemetery's tombs are of great architectural or artistic interest, including the Getty Tomb, the Martin Ryerson Mausoleum (both designed by architect Louis Sullivan, who is also buried here), and the Schoenhofen Pyramid Mausoleum. The industrialist George Pullman was buried at night, in a lead-lined coffin within an elaborately reinforced steel-and-concrete vault, to prevent his body from being exhumed and desecrated by labor activists.
Along with its other famous burials the cemetery is notable for two statues by sculptor Lorado Taft, Eternal Silence for the Graves family plot and The Crusader that marks Victor Lawson's final resting place. The cemetery is also the final resting place of several victims of the tragic Iroquois Theater fire in which more than 600 people died.David Adler, architect
Walter Webb Allport, dentist
John Peter Altgeld, Governor of Illinois
Philip Danforth Armour, meat packing magnate
Ernie Banks, Chicago Cubs Hall of Fame baseball player
Frederic Clay Bartlett, artist, art collector
Mary Hastings Bradley, author
Lorenz Brentano, member of the State House of Representatives, United States consul at Dresden, Congressional Representative for Illinois
Doug Buffone, Chicago Bears former linebacker, host WSCR
Daniel H. Burnham, architect
Fred A. Busse, mayor of Chicago
Justin Butterfield, attorney, land grant developer
Members of the William Deering family
Augustus Dickens, brother of Charles Dickens (he died penniless in Chicago)
Roger Ebert, film critic, his ashes will eventually come to Graceland, but have not done so to date.
George Elmslie, architect
John Jacob Esher (1823–1901), Bishop of the Evangelical Association.
Marshall Field, businessman, retailer, whose memorial was designed by Henry Bacon, with sculpture by Daniel Chester French.
Bob Fitzsimmons, Heavyweight boxing champion, born in Cornwall, UK
Melville Fuller, Chief Justice of the United States
Elbert H. Gary, judge, chairman of U.S. Steel
Bruce A. Goff, architect
Sarah E. Goode, first African-American woman to receive a United States patent
Bruce Graham, architect of John Hancock building and Sears Tower (now called the Willis Tower)
Carter Harrison, Sr., mayor of Chicago
Carter Harrison, Jr., mayor of Chicago
Herbert Hitchcock, US Senator from South Dakota
William Holabird, architect
Henry Honoré, businessman, father of Bertha Honoré Palmer, father-in-law of Potter Palmer
William Hulbert, president of baseball's National League
Charles L. Hutchinson, banker, philanthropist and founding president of the Art Institute of Chicago
William Le Baron Jenney, Architect, Father of the American skyscraper
Elmer C Jensen "The Dean of Chicago Architects"
Jack Johnson, first African-American heavyweight boxing champion
Fazlur Khan, structural engineer
William Wallace Kimball, Kimball Piano and Organ Company
John Kinzie, Canadian pioneer, early white settler in the city of Chicago
Cornelius Krieghoff, well-known Canadian artist
Bryan Lathrop, businessman, philanthropist, and longtime President of the cemetery
Robert Henry Lawrence Jr., first African America astronaut
Victor F. Lawson, editor and publisher of the Chicago Daily News
Frank Lowden, Governor of Illinois
Marion Mahony Griffin, architect
Alexander C. McClurg, bookseller and Civil War general
Cyrus McCormick, businessman, inventor
Edith Rockefeller McCormick, Daughter-in-law of reaper inventor Cyrus McCormick
Maryland Mathison Hooper McCormick, second wife of Col. Robert R. McCormick
Nancy “Nettie” Fowler McCormick, businesswoman, philanthropist
Joseph Medill, publisher, mayor of Chicago
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, architect
László Moholy-Nagy, influential photographer, teacher, and founder of the New Bauhaus and Institute of Design IIT in Chicago
Dawn Clark Netsch, comptroller of Illinois, professor & spouse of architect Walter Netsch
Walter Netsch, architect
Richard Nickel, photographer, architectural historian and preservationist
Ruth Page, dancer and choreographer
Bertha Honoré Palmer, philanthropist
Francis W. Palmer, newspaper printer, U.S. Representative, Public Printer of the United States
Potter Palmer, businessman
Allan Pinkerton, detective
George Pullman, inventor and railway industrialist
Hermann Raster, politician and editor
John Wellborn Root, architect
Howard Van Doren Shaw, architect
Washington Smith, pioneer wholesale grocer and philanthropist. The Washington and Jane Smith Home (now Smith Village) was named in his honor.
Louis Sullivan, architect
Charles Wacker, businessman and philanthropist, also director of the 1893 Columbian Exposition
Kate Warne, first female detective, Allan Pinkerton employee
Daniel Hale Williams, African-American surgeon who performed one of the first successful operations on the pericardium
Graceland is one of three large 19th century cemeteries which were previously well outside the city limits; the other two being Rosehill (further north), and Oak Woods (South of Hyde Park) which includes a major monument to Confederate civil war dead.
In addition, directly south of Graceland across Irving Park Road is the smaller German Protestant Wunder's Cemetery and Jewish Graceland Cemetery (divided by a fence), established in 1851. Also, the Roman Catholic, Saint Boniface Cemetery (1863), is four blocks north of Graceland at the corner of Clark and Lawrence.