Higher classification Basileuterus
Scientific name Basileuterus culicivorus
|Conservation status Least Concern (Population decreasing)|
Similar Basileuterus, Bird, New World warbler, Tropical parula, Rufous‑capped warbler
Golden crowned warbler basileuterus culicivorus colombia birds
The golden-crowned warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus) is a small New World warbler.
- Golden crowned warbler basileuterus culicivorus colombia birds
- Golden crowned warbler basileuterus culicivorus
- Distribution and habitat
Golden crowned warbler basileuterus culicivorus
Distribution and habitat
It breeds from Mexico and south through Central America to northeastern Argentina and Uruguay, and on Trinidad. It is mainly a species of lowland forests.
The golden-crowned warbler is 12.7 cm (5.0 in) long and weighs 10 g (0.35 oz). It has grey-green upperparts and bright yellow underparts. The head is grey with a black-bordered yellow crown stripe, a yellow or white supercilium and a black eyestripe. Sexes are similar, but the immature golden-crowned warbler is duller, browner and lacks the head pattern other than the eyestripe.
Golden-crowned warbler has 13 geographical races, which fall into three groups. The Central American culicivorus group (known as the stripe-crowned warbler) is essentially as described above, the southwestern cabanisi group (known as Cabanis's warbler) has grey upperparts and a white supercilium, and the aureocapillus group (known as the golden-crowned warbler) of the southeast, which has a white supercilium and orange-rufous crown stripe. The three groups are sometimes considered to be different species.
These birds feed on insects and spiders. The song is a high thin pit-seet-seet-seet-seet, and the call is a sharp tsip. It lays two to four rufous-spotted white eggs in a domed nest in a bank, often by a forest path, or under leaves on the forest floor. Parent birds will feign injury to distract potential nest predators.