This is a glossary of poetry terms.
Glossary of poetry terms Wikipedia
Below, "short/long" definitions of a syllable of classical languages correspond to "stressed/unstressed" of English language.Iamb: short-long
Trochee or Choreus, choree: long-short
Pyrrhic or dibrach: short-short
Anapaest or antivdactylus: short-short-long
Amphimacer or cretic: long-short-long
primus paeon: long-short-short-short
secundus paeon: short-long-short-short
tertius paeon: short-short-long-short
quartus paeon: short-short-short-long
first epitrite: short-long-long-long
second epitrite: long-short-long-long
third epitrite: long-long-short-long
fourth epitrite: long-long-long-short
minor ionic, or double iamb: short-short-long-long
major ionic: long-long-short-short
tetrabrach or proceleusmatic: short-short-short-short
'a Gra' Reformata' Ten stanza's of ABA CD ABA CD ABA CD ABA CD ABA CD ABAC. Following the rhyme scheme of the 'Villanelle', but with five extra couplets just after each tercet.
Ballade: Three stanzas of "ababbcbC" followed by a refrain of "bcbC". The last line of each, indicated by the capital letter, is repeated verbatim.
Chant royal: Five stanzas of "ababccddedE" followed by either "ddedE" or "ccddedE". (The capital letters indicate a line repeated verbatim.)
Couplet: "aa", but usually occurs as "aa bb cc dd ...".
Enclosed rhyme (or enclosing rhyme): "abba".
Ghazal: "aa ba ca da ...".
Monorhyme: "aaaaa...", an identical rhyme on every line, common in Latin and Arabic
Ottava rima: "abababcc".
Rhyme royal: "ababbcc".
Petrarchan sonnet: "abba abba cde cde" or "abba abba cdc cdc".
Shadorma: an allegedly Spanish six-line stanza, syllable-count restricted form, 3/5/3/3/7/5)
Shakespearean sonnet: "abab cdcd efef gg".
Simple 4-line: "abcb"
Spenserian sonnet: "abab bcbc cdcd ee".
Onegin stanzas: "aBaBccDDeFFeGG" with lowercase letters representing assonant rhymes and the uppercase representing end-rhymes
Spenserian stanza: "ababbcbcc".
Tanaga: traditional Tagalog tanaga is aaaa
Terza rima: "aba bcb cdc ...", ending on "yzy z" or "yzy zz".
Triplet: "aaa", often repeating like the couplet.