Tripti Joshi

Gilbert, Arizona

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Country  United States
Area  76.0 sq mi
Mayor  John Lewis (R)
Population  229,972 (2013)
State  Arizona

Gilbert, Arizona in the past, History of Gilbert, Arizona

Unemployment rate  4.2% (Feb 2015)
University  Conservatory of Recording Arts and Sciences

Map of Gilbert, Arizona

Gilbert is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located southeast of Phoenix, within the Phoenix metropolitan area. Once known as the "Hay Shipping Capital of the World", Gilbert is currently the most populous incorporated town in the United States. It is the sixth-largest municipality in Arizona, and the fifth-largest in the Metropolitan Phoenix Area.

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Gilbert, Arizona Beautiful Landscapes of Gilbert, Arizona

Gilbert encompasses 76 square miles (197 km2) and has made a rapid transformation from an agriculture-based community to an economically diverse suburban center located in the southeast valley of the Greater Phoenix area. In the last three decades, Gilbert has grown at an extremely high rate, increasing in population from 5,717 in 1980 to 208,453 as of the 2010 census. The town grew at an average annual growth rate of nearly 13% during this 30 year period.

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History

Gilbert owes its beginnings to William "Bobby" Gilbert who provided land to the Arizona Eastern Railway in 1902 to construct a rail line between Phoenix and Florence, Arizona. Ayer's Grocery Store, the first store in Gilbert, opened in 1910 and became the location of the first post office in 1912. The location of the town post office moved several times before settling on the east side of Gilbert Road in downtown, where it still stands today. In 1912, many Mormons who had fled the Mormon colonies in Mexico due to the actions of the forces of Pancho Villa settled in Gilbert. By 1915, they began holding church meetings at the Gilbert Elementary School. In 1918, they were organized into the Gilbert Ward.

Incorporated in July 1920, Gilbert was primarily a farming community fueled by the rail line and construction of the Roosevelt Dam and the Eastern and Consolidated Canals. It remained an agricultural town for many years and was known as the "Hay Capital of the World" from 1911 until the late 1920s.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, in the 2000 Census, the town had an estimated area of 40 square miles (104 km2). As of 2009, and due to annexations the current Municipal Planning Area of Gilbert has a total area of 76.0 square miles (197 km2), of which, 75.76 square miles (196.2 km2) is land and 0.24 square miles (0.6 km2) is water.

Climate

The climate of Gilbert is hot desert climate BWh.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 208,453 people, 74,147 housing units, and 3.01 persons per household.

  • Fastest growing municipality in the United States from 1990–2003 (U.S. Census Bureau)
  • Currently the 4th fastest growing municipality in the United States (U.S. Census Bureau – 2009)
  • Ranked by CNN's Money magazine in 2008 as one of the best places to live in the United States
  • One of the top 25 safest cities in the United States
  • 34.5% of Gilbert residents hold a bachelor's degree or higher.
  • Highest household median income in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area with population 50,000+ (U.S. Census Bureau 2005)
  • According to Nielsen's Claritas demographics, in 2009 the racial makeup of the town was:

  • 81.51% White
  • 15.39% Hispanics or Latinos
  • 3.08% Black or African American
  • 0.79% Native American
  • 4.70% Asian
  • 0.23% Pacific Islander
  • 5.97% from other races
  • 3.73% from two or more races
  • 2009 estimated population data by gender/age:

  • 31.37 average age male/female
  • 50.22% male
  • 30.03 est. average age
  • 49.78% female
  • 31.82 est. average age
  • 37.14% population under 21
  • 33.25% population under 18
  • 70.01% population over 16
  • 66.76% population over 18
  • 62.86% population over 21
  • 5.30% population over 65
  • 2009 estimated population age 15+ by marital status:

  • 20.87% never married
  • 66.71% married, spouse present
  • 2.23% married, spouse absent
  • 2.11% widowed
  • 8.07% divorced
  • 2009 estimated population age 25+ educational attainment:

  • 92.33% high school/GED or higher
  • 37.5% bachelor's degree or higher
  • 10.46% master's degree or higher
  • 2009 estimated household by household income:

  • $109,213 average household income
  • $89,077 median household income
  • $35,559 per capita Income
  • 2.28% of families are below the poverty level
  • Religion

    Various religious denominations are represented in Gilbert. The town has been known for its high Mormon population, a fact evidenced by the LDS church's building of a temple in Gilbert.

    Largest employers

    According to the town's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

    Historic properties

    Various properties in the town of Gilbert are considered historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places or listed as such in the Gilbert Historic District. In the gallery at the end of the article are images of some of these properties.

    Music and dance

    These performers have been associated with Gilbert:

  • Elektrolytes, dance crew that won season 7 of America's Best Dance Crew
  • Jimmy Eat World, band
  • Lifehouse, band
  • Lydia, band
  • The Maine, band
  • Scary Kids Scaring Kids, band
  • Lindsey Stirling, violinist, dancer, and performer; Mesquite High School graduate
  • Government

    Gilbert was recognized in 2010 as the "36th Best Place to Live in the nation", as well as among the nation's "top places to live and learn", by GreatSchools.org. Washington, DC-based CQ Press rated Gilbert the "safest municipality in Arizona, and 25th safest in the nation."

    Since Gilbert remains incorporated as a town, it lacks the additional powers possessed by Mesa and Chandler, which are incorporated as cities. For instance, Arizona towns do not have as much power to regulate utilities and construction within their borders as cities possess. Unlike most of its neighboring communities, Gilbert is theoretically vulnerable to annexation.

    The town is part of Arizona's 5th congressional district, which is represented by Republican and Gilbert resident Andy Biggs. The mayor of Gilbert is Jenn Daniels.

    Crime

    Gilbert is rated as a town of relatively low crime. According to FBI records, Gilbert was the largest town in the United States with zero murders in 2005, 2007, and 2014.

    Education

    Most of Gilbert is zoned to schools in the Gilbert Public Schools, while other portions are zoned to districts including the Chandler Unified School District, Mesa Public Schools, and the Higley Unified School District. Also in Gilbert are charter schools such as Edu-Prize (the first charter school in Arizona). The town is also home to Gilbert Christian Schools, a chain of private schools.

    Transportation

    Gilbert is primarily served by one area freeway—the Santan Freeway portion of Loop 202. A small section of the US 60 Superstition Freeway also skirts the northern boundary of the town at the Higley Road interchange (Exit 186). Several regional arterials also serve the area, including Williams Field Road, Chandler Boulevard, and Gilbert Road. The town enjoys relative closeness to Phoenix Mesa Gateway Airport, which is located in east Mesa, and is a twenty-five-minute drive from Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.

    Recently, a park-and-ride facility was constructed in downtown Gilbert for bus service and future commuter rail service. Although the facility borders the Union Pacific (formerly Southern Pacific) tracks and has provisions for commuter rail service, there is currently no such service. However, buses operate to downtown Phoenix, and future commuter rail service to Gilbert will require little modification since most of the facilities are already built. Most people get around by cars or bikes.

    Notable people

  • Jim Bechtel, professional poker player; World Champion of Poker in 1993; lives in Gilbert
  • Dave Burba, currently lives in Gilbert; former star pitcher of the late 1990s Indians teams
  • Marquis Cooper, former professional linebacker; played for Highland High School
  • Ken Delo, singer best known for The Lawrence Welk Show; lives in Gilbert
  • The Honky Tonk Man, pro wrestler (real name Roy Wayne Farris); lives in Gilbert
  • Ryan Fitzpatrick, NFL professional quarterback; played for Highland High School
  • Jineane Ford, Miss Arizona USA 1980; Miss USA 1980
  • Alan Gordon, professional soccer player; born in Gilbert in 1981
  • Dan Hausel, Hall of Fame martial artist; resident of Gilbert since 2006
  • Shea Hillenbrand, All-Star professional baseball player
  • Darrin Jackson, professional baseball player, 1985-1999; TV broadcaster; currently lives in Gilbert
  • Kimberly Joiner, Miss Arizona USA 2008; raised in and still lives in Gilbert
  • Naomi Lang, five-time US ice dance champion and 2002 US Olympic figure skating team member
  • Spencer Larsen, former professional football player; raised in Gilbert; played for Highland High School
  • Justin Lassen, artist; currently lives in Gilbert; graduated from Gilbert High School in 2000
  • Ryan Leslie, television personality on MTV's The Real World: New Orleans
  • Bengie Molina, former Major League Baseball catcher; has lived in Gilbert since 2011
  • Carlos I. Noriega, NASA astronaut; retired United States Marine Corps lieutenant colonel; lives in Gilbert
  • Phil Ortega, MLB pitcher, 1960-1969; born in Gilbert in 1939
  • Mykayla Skinner, gymnast; member of the US team that won the gold medal at the 2014 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships; winner of the bronze medal on vault
  • Lindsey Stirling, violinist; dancer; performer; grew up in Gilbert
  • Eric Swann, Arizona Cardinals; currently lives in Gilbert
  • Rick Woolstenhulme, drummer for the band Lifehouse
  • Sister cities

    Gilbert has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

  • Newtownabbey, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
  • Leshan, Sichuan, China
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    References

    Gilbert, Arizona Wikipedia


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