Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Giant huntsman spider

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Higher classification

Scientific name
Heteropoda maxima

Giant huntsman spider httpssmediacacheak0pinimgcom736x82de54

huntsman spider, Goliath birdeater, Heteropoda, Arachnid, Black house spider

The giant huntsman spider (Heteropoda maxima, "the largest") is a species of huntsman spider (Sparassidae), a family of large, fast spiders that actively hunt down prey. It is considered the world's largest spider by leg span, which can reach up to 1 foot (30 centimeters).


Giant huntsman spider Giant huntsman spider Wikipedia

Giant huntsman spider handling

Taxonomy and naming

Giant huntsman spider Giant Huntsman Spider Heteropoda maxima

The giant huntsman spider was discovered in a cave in Laos in 2001. Over a thousand new species of plant and animal were found between 1997 and 2007 in the Greater Mekong Subregion.

Giant huntsman spider Arachnophobes look away Giant huntsman spider nicknamed Charlotte

A representative of the World Wide Fund for Nature stated that "some of these species really have no business being recently discovered", suggesting that it is surprising for such a large species to go undiscovered for so long.


The coloration is yellowish-brown with several irregularly distributed dark spots on the rear half. The legs have wide dark bands before the first bend. Like all huntsman spiders, the legs of the giant huntsman spider are long compared to the body, and twist forward in a crab-like fashion.

Giant huntsman spider Viral giant huntsman spider photograph an 39optical illusion39 expert

Apart from its size, the H. maxima can be distinguished from other species of Heteropoda by genital characteristics. On males, the cymbium is much longer than usual, at least three times longer than the tegulum. The female is distinguished by a characteristically shaped epigyneal field with two anterior directed bands, and the course of their internal ducts.

Giant huntsman spider Giant Huntsman Spider World39s Largest Spider By Leg Span

The giant huntsman spider is the largest member of the Sparassidae family, boasting a 30 centimeters (12 inches) leg-span, and 4.6 centimeters (1.8 inches) body-length. The largest known member of the Sparassidae known prior to the discovery of H. maxima was the Australian Beregama aurea (L. Koch, 1875) with a body length of about 4 centimeters. (Since the discovery of H. maxima, Sparassidae species larger than B. aurea have been discovered. One of them, Cerbalus aravaensis, is considered to be the largest in the Middle East).

Distribution and habitat

The giant huntsman spider is found in Laos, and is probably a cave dweller because of its pale colour, long legs and special hairs on the second foot of the male. There is no apparent reduction of the eyes, possibly because the species lives near cave entrances.


Giant huntsman spider Wikipedia