Ghatal Sub-Division and the town Ghatal have their old history of civilisation, business, struggle for freedom of India. Many patriots, social reformers, and freedom fighters were the sons of this PS area. The river Darakeswar and Shilabati meet with rivers Jhumi and Damodar at a place named as Bandar (port) 3 km (2 mi) East from Ghatal PS. This is the subdivision of Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Patriot Pradyot Bhattacharya, Patriot Pravangsu Paul, Patriot Mohini Mondal, Raja Narendralal Khan, Patriot Manabendranath Roy and so many memorable persons.
In ancient times, Tamralipta was an important port for shipping for export and imoprt between Bangal and other countries including Sri Lanka. This Bandar of Ghatal was also used as port for anchoring boats and ships with goods. Ghatal was once famous for the manufacture of cotton, tusser silk, bell-metal utensils, and earthenware. It was so important that the Dutch had a factory in the headquarters town, which is still used as a sub-divisional courts. In the early days of British occupation three commercial residents were located in the locality to supervise local trade. The old industries like the cultivation and weaving of silk and cotton for which Ghatal and its nearest areas were famous from ancient times were systematically wiped away by the policy of the East India Company's administration. Withdrawal of the company's investments, shrinkage in the marketability of textile goods at home and abroad, and heavy competition of the foreign goods were responsible for the decline of textile industries in Ghatal and the nearest areas like Radhanagar, Khirpai, Chandrokona, and Khrar. This area was also famous for the sugar industry (mainly in Radhanagar areas) in ancient times.
In 2002, Medinipur District was divided into two parts, Purba Medinipur and Paschim Medinipur, for the sake of administrative efficiency and expediency. Paschim Medinipur consists of four sub-divisions - Kharagpur, Medinipur Sadar, Ghatal, Jhargram. Ghatal sub-division now consists of five blocks- Chandrokona-I, Chandrokona-II, Daspur-I, Daspur-II, and Ghatal, and five municipalities - Ramjibanpur, Khirpai, Chandrokona, Kharar and Ghatal.
Ghatal is located at 22.67°N 87.72°E / 22.67; 87.72. It has an average elevation of 5 metres (16 feet). It is situated on the sides of river Shilabati on the south, Dwarakeswar on the east and Jhumi river other third side.
As of 2001 India census, Ghatal had a population of 51,586. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ghatal has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 69%. In Ghatal, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
As per the 2001 census, Ghatal CD Block had a population of 190,705 out of which 96,605 were males and 94,100 were females. Growth of population in the 1991-2001 decade was 11.83 per cent.
The headquarters of Ghatal Block are located at Ghatal.
Ghatal police station has jurisdiction over Ghatal and Kharar municipalities and Ghatal CD Block.
Besides the town area the people of the villagers basically earn their livelihood by producing crops, like paddy, potato, wheat, jute and vegetables of different kinds. Some people earn money by fishing and hawking and weaving. A good many of the inhabitants are used to leave their houses to different states like Maharashtra and Gujarat and abroad in Dubai and other Arabian Countries to earn money by working as goldsmiths and silversmiths and employing themselves in private factories. A few of the percentage of the people are government employees or school teachers, or are employed in other small private sectors.
The financial status of most of the people is in the middle class and lower middle class category. There are some Muslim inhabitants in some villages. No communal tension exists. The manufacture of bell metal articles in Kharar Town under this subdivision is famous in the market of the state.
Its climate is moderate, but Ghatal is a flood-prone area and is flooded by the Shilaboti, Jhumi, Kethiya, Kansaboti and Rupnarayan Rivers. Rice, potato and other vegetable farming are the main occupation of the people of this subdivision.
Ghatal is well connected by roads and highways with nearby cities like Kolkata, Howrah, Midnapore, Kanthi, Digha, Burdwan, Bankura. For local transportation, buses, minibuses, and cycle-rickshaws are available. Panskura Railway Station is the nearest railway station. SH 4 passes through Ghatal.
There are number of well known schools and colleges in Ghatal. For higher education, there is one general degree college named Ghatal Rabindra Satabarsiki Mahavidyalaya under Vidyasagar University, one polytechnic college named Ghatal Government Polytechnic and One ITI college named Ghatal Government ITI in Birsingha. The literacy rate of Ghatal is 76%. The schools are:Daspur Vivekananda High School
Ghatal Vidyasagar High School
Rathipur Barada Banipith (H.S.)
Ghatal Basantakumari Balika Vidyalaya
Ghatal Gurudas High School
Ghatal Yogoda Satsangha Sriyukteswar Vidyapith
Rajnagar Union High School
Panchberia Ram Chandra Smritishiksha Mandir
Natuk Vivekananda Vidyamandir
Maharajpur High School
khasbarh high school (h.s)
Rakshabandhan For Education is a non-governmental educational organisation in Ghatal sub-division to help poor meritorious students.Ratneswarbati Netaji High School(H.S)
Gopalpur Deshbandhu Chittaranjan High School (H.S) is a very good school.
Ghatal S.D Hospital is in the Ghatal town. The people of this subdivision mainly depend on this hospital. There is also a super specialty hospital. Ghatal town is famous for many private nursing homes. The private hospitals and nursing Homes are:Bimal Sishu Sadan
B.K Sasmal Nursing Home
GFC Hospital (জি.এফ.সি হাসপাতাল);
Jibandeep Nursing Home
Lions Club Eye Hospital
Moonlight Nursing Home
Maity Nursing Home
Newlife Nursing Home
Niramoy Nursing Home
Nivedita Nursing Home
Nightingle Nursing Home
Ramkrishna Nursing Home
Sabita Nursing Home
Shree Guru Nursing Home
South Point Nursing Home
Sunview Nursing Home
The common people of this area maintained a culture something different from other parts of the district in conducting and observing their way of work in rituals and customs. They cherish their old fashion and customs. For example, the people celebrating the worship of Maa Sitala Buri and other Maa Sitalas in an around Ghatal Town used to carry hundreds of dhaks in procession and arrange open operas acting on the stage dragged and pushed by the men on pitch road running through the town.
Among many festivals in Ghatal Sishu Mela is most popular. Many people of Ghatal town and its neighbouring blocks take part in the Sishu Mela. Vidyasagar Mela is also popular, which takes place in Birsingha (the birthplace of Iswarchandra Vidyasagar). The regular Bengali festivals like Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja and Kali Puja are well attended. Other common pujas in the worship of Sitala, Jagaddhatri, Holi, Janmastami, Bheema Puja also take place.
The Visalaxmi temple at Barada and Khipteswari temple at Ghatal are the main tourist attractions. There is one peculiar floating bridge on the river made of by joining some boats tied with rope from the both sides in the banks. This bridge is also called Bhasapool', and is one of the greatest tourist attractions in Ghatal. There is also the Kushpata Satsanga Ashram. The largest Thakur Anukul Chandra temple of West Bengal is situated on the bank of Shilabati River which is 1.5 km (1 mi) away from Ghatal Vidyasagar Setu. Here one can see several temples of Anukul Thakur. There is a large prayer room for the common people. Everyday a huge number of people go to visit the temple and spend time in this silent area. The peoples of the Ghatal are very religious. There are many ashramas like Anukul Thakurer Satsanga ashram, Nigamanand er ashram, Ramkrishna Mission, and Swami Debananda ashram.
There are many newspapers and magazines published from Ghatal Subdivision.Sthaniya Sambad (স্থানীয় সংবাদ), editor: Tripti Paul Karmakar; the most popular and largely circulated newspaper in this subdivision. This newspaper publishes its digital issue. People can download the ePaper from ghatal.net . •Regular readers of this newspaper more than sixty thousand (including web, WhatsApp, email etc). As per report of Govt Office among the newspapers of Ghatal Subdivision only Sthaniya Sambad is published on particular date
Daspur Barta (দাসপুর বার্তা), editor: Shyampada Patra
Palli Prachar (পল্লী প্রচার), editor: Alok Kumar Ghosh
Shilaboti (শিলাবতী), editor: Amiya Das Ghosh
Chetua Sambad (চেতুয়া সংবাদ), editor: Ashoke Chatterjee
Sangrami Krishijibi Samachar (সংগ্রামী কৃষিজীবী সমাচার), editor: Kamal Krishna Bera
Satya Pathe Jatik (সত্য পথে যাতিক), editor: Shantinath Pahari; a registered newspaper
Ghatal Barta (ঘাটাল বার্তা), editor: Gangadhar Roy; a registered newspaper
Biplabi Janakantha (বিপ্লবী জনকন্ঠ), editor: Arun Kumar Paul and
Akhon Ghatal (এখন ঘাটাল), editor: Dibakar Shee; a registered newspaper (RNI NO-WBBEN/2014/60272); one of the most popular and largely circulated newspapers in this subdivision
Srijan (সৃজন), editor: Prof Laxman Karmakar
Prakita Angikar (প্রকৃত অঙ্গীকার), editor: Ramranjan Roy
Barne Barnan (বর্ণে বর্ণন), editor: Arindam Prithibi; popular magazine of Ghatal
jhomir kalatana, editor; hiralal sing
Bhasapool (Pontoon Bridge) - Heritage of India
Kushpata Satsanga Ashram of Anukul Thakur
Visalaxmi Temple at Barada
Birsingha - birthplace of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Eco park- picnic destination
Birsingha Bhagabati Vidyalaya (H.S) - established by Pandit Ishwar Vidyasagar
Akinchan Chakrabarty, 18th-century Bengali poet
Sova Singh, Raja from chetua, established Visalaxmi temple
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, social reformer who dedicated his life for basic education of the people, development of women education and reformation of educational structure as a whole; writer of Barnaparichay