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Fredrik Pacius

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Name  Fredrik Pacius
Role  Composer
Librettists  Zachris Topelius

Fredrik Pacius httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons77
Died  January 8, 1891, Helsinki, Finland
Similar People  Johann Voldemar Jannsen, Zachris Topelius, Leevi Madetoja, Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Toivo Kuula

Fredrik pacius kung karls jakt ouverture


Fredrik Pacius (born Friedrich Pacius) ( pronunciation ; March 19, 1809 – January 8, 1891) was a German composer and conductor who lived most of his life in Finland. He has been called the "Father of Finnish music".

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Pacius was born in Hamburg. He was appointed music teacher at the University of Helsinki in 1834. In Helsinki he founded a musical society, the student choir Akademiska Sångföreningen and an orchestra. In 1848 Pacius wrote the music to the poem "Vårt land" by Johan Ludvig Runeberg, which was to become Finland's national anthem. Pacius’s music was also used for the Estonian national anthem "Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" and the Livonian national anthem Min izāmō, min sindimō.

In 1852 he composed Kung Karls jakt (The Hunt of King Charles) which was the first Finnish opera, with a libretto in the style of Romantic nationalism, like the national anthem designed to convince Finland's grand duke (i.e. the Russian Emperor Nicholas I) of the total loyalty of his subjects in Finland. The libretto was written by the author and historian Zacharias Topelius in close collaboration with the composer.

His compositions also include a violin concerto, a symphony, a string quartet and several other operas.

Pacius died in Helsinki, aged 81.

Fredrik pacius kung karls jakt finale iii och ila vi bort fr n finlands strand


Works

  • Orchestral
  • Symphony in D minor (1850)
  • Overture in E-flat major (1826)
  • Violin Concerto in F-sharp minor (1845)
  • Vocal music
  • Kung Karls Jakt (Kaarle-kuninkaan metsästys, "King Carl's Hunt"), opera (1852)
  • Prinsessan av Cypern, Singspiel (1860)
  • Die Loreley, opera (1862–87)
  • Cantatas
  • Choruses
  • Lieder
  • Chamber music
  • String Quartet in E-flat major (1826)
  • Literature

  • Tomi Mäkelä, Fredrik Pacius, kompositör i Finland, Svenska Litteratursällskapet i Finland, Helsinki 2009; ISBN 978-951-583-192-7
  • Tomi Mäkelä, Der Pionier. Fredrik Pacius, Opernwelt, 11, 2009, 36–44.
  • References

    Fredrik Pacius Wikipedia


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