Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Fragaria chiloensis

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Rosaceae
Scientific name  Fragaria chiloensis
Order  Rosales
Genus  Fragaria
Rank  Species
Fragaria chiloensis wwwlaspilitascomimagesgrid241811714imagesp
Similar  Virginia strawberry, Rosaceae, Fragaria viridis, Wild strawberry, Pineberry

Fragaria chiloensis, the beach strawberry, Chilean strawberry, or coastal strawberry, is one of two species of strawberry that were hybridized to create the modern garden strawberry (F. × ananassa). It is noted for its large berries. Its natural range is the Pacific Ocean coasts of North and South America, and also Hawaiʻi. Migratory birds are thought to have dispersed F. chiloensis from the Pacific coast of North America to the mountains of Hawaiʻi, Chile, and Argentina.

Contents

Fragaria chiloensis Fragaria chiloensis Sand Strawberry

It is an evergreen plant growing to 15–30 centimetres (5.9–11.8 in) tall, with glossy green trifoliate leaves, each leaflet around 5 centimetres (2.0 in) long. The flowers are white, produced in spring and early summer. The fruit is edible, red on the surface, white inside.

Fragaria chiloensis Groundcovers for WaterConserving Landscapes

Its fruit is still sold as a local delicacy in some South American produce markets.

Amédée-François Frézier (1682–1773) was the first to bring back specimens of Fragaria chiloensis to the Old World.

Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, the strawberry aphid, is a bug species found feed on F. chiloensis in Chile. It is a vector of the strawberry mild yellow-edge virus.

Fragaria chiloensis Ornamental Strawberry Coastal Strawberry Fragaria chiloensis

Promocion proyecto fic r 2014 frutilla propagaci n de la fragaria chiloensis


Subspecies

There are a number of subspecies and forms:

Fragaria chiloensis Beach Strawberry Fragaria chiloensis CLOSEUP Ground Cover Plants
  • Fragaria chiloensis subsp. chiloensis forma chiloensis
  • Fragaria chiloensis subsp. chiloensis forma patagonica (Argentina, Chile)
  • Fragaria chiloensis subsp. lucida (E. Vilm. ex Gay) Staudt (coast of British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California)
  • Fragaria chiloensis subsp. pacifica Staudt (coast of Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California)
  • Fragaria chiloensis subsp. sandwicensis (Decne.) StaudtʻŌhelo papa (Hawaiʻi)
  • Genetics

    Fragaria chiloensis Fragaria chiloensis Beach Strawberry flickrsaHsjyZztP pete

    All strawberries have a base haploid count of 7 chromosomes. Fragaria chiloensis is octoploid, having eight sets of these chromosomes for a total of 56. These eight genomes pair as four distinct sets, of two different types, with little or no pairing between sets. The genome composition of the octoploid strawberry species has generally been indicated as AAA'A'BBB'B'. The A-type genomes were likely contributed by diploid ancestors related to Fragaria vesca or similar species, while the B-type genomes seem to descend from a close relative of Fragaria iinumae. The exact process of hybridization and speciation which resulted in the octoploid species is still unknown, but it appears that the genome compositions of both Fragaria chiloensis and Fragaria virginiana (and by extension the cultivated octoploid strawberry as well) are identical.

    Fragaria chiloensis Fragaria chiloensis Wikipedia

    References

    Fragaria chiloensis Wikipedia


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    Pineberry
    Rosaceae
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