Harman Patil (Editor)

Ficus septica

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Moraceae
Subgenus  Sycomorus
Scientific name  Ficus septica
Order  Rosales
Genus  Ficus
Section  Sycocarpus
Rank  Species
Ficus septica Ficus septica Wikipedia
Similar  Gigantochloa apus, Ficus fistulosa, Gigantochloa, Ficus ampelas, Ochrosia oppositifolia

Tumbuhan awar awar ficus septica


Ficus septica (called Hauli tree in the Philippines, 棱果榕 in China and Taiwan) is a shrub or tree of the family Moraceae living at low altitudes from Northeast India to North Australia (Queensland), and throughout Malesia. It lives on the edge of the vegetation, often in degraded environments. The seeds of this species are dispersed by numerous species, including fruit bats (Megachiroptera) when present.

Contents

Ficus septica Factsheet Ficus septica

ficus septica


Taxonomy

Ficus septica Ficus septica Images Useful Tropical Plants

Ficus septica was described first by the Dutch botanist Nicolaas Laurens Burman in 1768. Two centuries later, E. J. H. Corner listed three varieties for Ficus septica: F. septica var. septica distributed all over the range of the species; F. septica var. cauliflora limited to Queensland, Australia and the Solomon islands; and F. septica var. salicifolia endemic to the Philippines Islands. Then in the latest Flora Malesiana edition, Cornelis Christiaan Berg put all these varieties in synonymy together under the name Ficus septica. Within the genus, Ficus septica belongs to the subgenus Sycomorus section Sycocarpus subsection Sycocarpus.

Description

Ficus septica Ficus septica Moraceae image 32448 at PhytoImagessiuedu

Tree or shrub up to 25 meters. The latex of F. septica is characteristically yellow. Leaves and petioles are both glabrous. Leaves are symmetric, elliptic to oblong. Figs grow often in pairs but can be solitary or in groups of up to four. Figs are depressed-globose to ellipsoid, the apex is flat or concave. Seven to twelve ribs towards to ostiole. At maturity, whitish to yellowish dots appear on the fig. The individuals from Philippines have their stems covered by short hairs while those found in Taiwan are glabrous.

Habitat

Ficus septica Ficus septica Moraceae image 34601 at PhytoImagessiuedu

Ficus septica trees live up to 1800m in montane forests or secondary growth environments. It can be seen often along rivers. In Taiwan, at the northern limit of its distribution, F. septica lives up to 500m in secondary growths and along roads and coastlines.

Ecology

Ficus septica is pollinated by fig wasps from the genus Ceratosolen. Usually members of the genus Ficus are pollinated by a single species of pollinating fig wasps specific to each fig species, but recent observations of Ficus septica have shown there to be three pollinating species in the South of Taiwan and two in The Philippines.

Ficus septica httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The figs of Ficus septica have been reported to be eaten by 22 animal species and among them 14 are bats:

Ficus septica Open areas Vertical Garden Patrick Blanc
Ficus septica Ficus septica

References

Ficus septica Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Gigantochloa
Ochrosia oppositifolia
The Guilty Generation
Topics