| 270 km/h|
| 9.804 m|
June 19, 1926
The Fiat CR.20 was an Italian biplane fighter used during the 1920s and 1930s. Designed by Celestino Rosatelli, it represented an intermediate step from the early biplane CR.1 and the later, successful series CR.30-CR.32-CR.42.
For the new aircraft, Rosatelli used a traditional sesquiplane configuration. The engine was a water-cooled 306 kW (410 hp) Fiat A.20 V-12 engine.
Major variants were the CR.20 Idro, a pontoon floatplane, and the CR.20 Asso, using a more powerful (336 kW/450 hp) Isotta-Fraschini engine. CR.20bis, produced from 1930, differed from the original version only with the addition of a more advanced landing gear.
At its peak in 1933, the CR.20 equipped 27 squadrons of the Italian Regia Aeronautica. The aircraft was used against Libyan rebels and in the early stages of the Second Italo-Abyssinian War in the attack role. The CR.20s remained in service with the Regia Aeronautica in the aerobatics and training until the 1930s. In 1933, Italy sold five CR.20s to Paraguay, which was fighting the Chaco War against Bolivia, these serving as Paraguay's only fighters through to the end of the war.
CR.20 Idro : Twin-float seaplane version.
CR.20bis : Single-seat fighter biplane, fitted with an advanced landing gear.
CR.20bisAQ : CR.20bis aircraft fitted with the Fiat A.20 A.Q. piston-engine.
CR.20 Asso : Single-seat fighter biplane, powered by a 336 kW (450 hp) Isotta Fraschini Asso Caccia engine.
CR.20B : Two-seat trainer, communications aircraft. Built in small numbers.
Austrian Air Force (1927-1938)
Hungarian Air Force
Kingdom of Italy
Lithuanian Air Force
Paraguayan Air Arm
Polish Air Force
Spanish Air Force
Soviet Air Force - Two aircraft, used for tests and trials.
Fiat CR.20 Wikipedia
Data from The Complete Book of Fighters
General characteristicsCrew: one, pilot
Length: 6.70 m (21 ft 11¾ in)
Wingspan: 9.80 m (32 ft 1¾ in)
Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
Wing area: 25.65 m² (276.1 ft²)
Empty weight: 980 kg (2,160 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,400 kg (3,068 lb)
Powerplant: 1 × Fiat A.20, 331 kW (420 hp)
PerformanceMaximum speed: 270 km/h (146 knots, 168 mph)
Range: 750 km (460 m)
Endurance: 3 hours
Service ceiling: 7,500 m (24,600 ft)
Climb to 5,000 m (16,400 ft): 13.62 min
ArmamentGuns: 2 × 7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns