Siddhesh Joshi (Editor)

Faisal bin Musaid

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Religion  Islam

Name  Faisal Musaid
Died  June 18, 1975
Faisal bin Musaid with long hair and a mustache, wearing a suit and a tie together with Christine Surma with a smiling face and long hair.

Parents
  Musa'id bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Watfa bint Muhammad Al Rashid
Siblings  Abdulrahman bin Musa'ad, Khaled bin Musaid
Grandparents  Ibn Saud, Al Jawhara bint Saad Al Sudairi
Cousins  Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud, Abdulaziz bin Abdullah, Mutaib bin Abdullah, Khaled bin Abdullah bin Abdul, Mishaal bin Abdullah Al Saud
Similar People  Ibn Saud, Musa'id bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Abdulrahman bin Musa'ad

Cause of death  Execution by beheading

WISDOM Global Islamic Mission, Calicut Sheikh Faisal Bin Musaid Bin Saud Bin Abdhul Azeez Al Saud


Faisal bin Musaid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (4 April 1944 – 18 June 1975) (Arabic: الأمير فيصل بن مساعد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود‎‎, ِ Fayṣal bin Musāʿid bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ʾĀl Saʿūd) was the regicide and also nephew of King Al Faisal.

Contents

Faisal bin Musaid with a serious face, a beard, and a mustache and wearing a ghutra and egal.

Early life

King Faisal of Saudi Arabia with a serious face and wearing a ghutra and egal.

Faisal was born in 1944. His father was Prince Musa'id, the paternal half brother of King Faisal, and his mother was Watfa, a daughter of Muhammad bin Talal, the 12th (and last) Rashidi Emir. His parents divorced. He and his brothers and sisters were much closer to their maternal Rashidi relatives than their paternal Al Saud relatives.

In 1966, his older brother Khaled, a Wahhabist, was killed during an assault on a new television station in Riyadh. Wahhabi clerics opposed the establishment of a national television service, as they believed it immoral to produce images of humans. The details of his death are disputed. Some reports allege that he actually died resisting arrest outside his own home. No investigation over his death was ever initiated. Faisal had another brother, Bandar, and a sister, Al Jawhara. Abdul Rahman bin Musaid is his half-brother.

Education

Faisal arrived in the United States in 1966 and attended San Francisco State College for two semesters studying English. Allis Bens, director of the American Language Institute at San Francisco State, said, "He was friendly and polite and very well brought up it seemed to me." While Faisal was at San Francisco State his brother Khaled was killed. After leaving San Francisco State College, Faisal went to the University of California at Berkeley and then to the University of Colorado at Boulder. He was described by his peers as "[a] quiet, likable, notably unstudious young man". University of Colorado Professor Edward Rozek, who had taught him in three comparative government courses, described him as "academically a D and a C student".

Faisal bin Musaid was put in prison and was executed by beheading for the assassination of King Faisal.

In 1969, while in Boulder he was arrested for conspiring to sell LSD. He pleaded guilty and was placed on probation for one year. In May 1970, the district attorney dropped the charges.

Banner of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia.

In 1971 he received a bachelor's degree in political science from the University of Colorado and then returned to the San Francisco Bay area. At the University of California at Berkeley he enrolled in graduate courses in political science, but did not receive a master's degree.

After the United States

King Faisal of Saudi Arabia with a serious face and wearing traditional clothing for men.

After leaving the United States, he went to Beirut. For unknown reasons, he also went to East Germany. When he came back to Saudi Arabia, Saudi authorities seized his passport because of his troubles abroad. He began teaching at Riyadh University and kept in touch with his girlfriend, Christine Surma, who was 26 at the time of the assassination. Surma viewed the Saudi interest "in achieving peace with Israel" as positive outcomes "not available with the previous ruler King Faisal".

Royal Palace shooting

On 25 March 1975, he went to the Royal Palace in Riyadh, where King Faisal was holding a meeting, known as a majlis. He joined a Kuwaiti delegation and lined up to meet the king. The king recognized his nephew and bent his head forward, so that the younger Faisal could kiss the king's head in a sign of respect. The prince took out a revolver from his robe and shot the King twice in the head. His third shot missed and he threw the gun away. King Faisal fell to the floor. Bodyguards with swords and submachine guns arrested the prince. The king was quickly rushed to a hospital but doctors were unable to save him. Before dying, King Faisal ordered that the assassin not be executed. Saudi television crews captured the entire assassination on camera.

Imprisonment and execution

Initial reports described Faisal bin Musaid as "mentally deranged." He was moved to a Riyadh prison. However, he was later deemed sane to be tried.

A sharia court found Faisal guilty of the king's murder on 18 June, and his public execution occurred hours later. His brother Bandar was imprisoned for one year and later released. Cars with loudspeakers drove around Riyadh publicly announcing the verdict and his imminent execution, and crowds gathered in the square. Faisal was led by a soldier to the execution point and was reported to have walked unsteadily. Wearing white robes and blindfolded, Faisal was beheaded with a single sweep of a gold handled sword. Following the execution, his head was displayed to the crowd for 15 minutes on a wooden spike, before being taken away with his body in an ambulance.

Motives

Beirut newspapers claimed involvement with drugs as a motivation in the assassination. Saudi officials began to state that the prince's actions were deliberate and planned. Rumours suggested that the prince had told his mother about his assassination plans, who in turn told King Faisal who responded that "if it was Allah's will, then it would happen". Arab media implied that the prince had been a tool of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Beirut newspapers offered three different explanations for the attack. An-Nahar reported that the attack may have been possible vengeance for the dethroning of King Saud, because Faisal was scheduled to marry Saud's daughter — Princess Sita — in the same week. An-Nahar also reported that King Faisal had ignored his repeated complaints that his $3,500 monthly allowance ($15,200/month in 2014 dollars, $182,400/year) was insufficient and this may have prompted the assassination. Al Bayrak reported that according to reliable Saudi sources, King Faisal prohibited him from leaving the country because of his excessive alcohol and drug consumption overseas and the attack may have been a retaliation against the ban.

References

Faisal bin Musaid Wikipedia