Higher classification Salamandridae
Scientific name Euproctus
|Lower classifications Sardinian brook salamander, Corsican brook salamander|
Euproctus, the European mountain salamanders, is a genus of salamanders in the Salamandridae family from Sardinia and Corsica.
There are two species:
Pyrenean Brook Salamander used to be included in this genus as Euproctus asper, but was moved to Calotriton in 2005. Its superficial similarity with Euproctus likely represents convergent evolution: strongly depressed head and body, and reduction or even absence of lungs, are adaptations to fast-running, well-oxygenated mountain streams.