Born in Uniontown, Alabama, Dudley is a graduate of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. While at the Capstone, he consistently made a name for himself. During his college basketball career, Dudley was named an All-American by the Associated Press, a consensus Southeastern Conference 2002 Player of the Year and a unanimous All-SEC First Team pick.
Dudley led the Southeastern Conference in rebounding for three consecutive seasons, becoming the first to do so since Shaquille O'Neal. He also holds the University’s school record with 129 career starts and ranks seventh all-time in scoring (1,764 points) and fourth in rebounding (1,184). Dudley also recorded 43 double-doubles, giving him the nickname “E-double double”.
He missed the 2003-2004 season due to a knee injury. He would have played for Basket Rimini Crabs in Italy.
In 2004, Dudley started his professional career with Maccabi Rishon LeZion in Israel starting in 22 games, averaging 19.7 points and 11.6 rebounds. In 2005, he joined Türk Telekom in Ankara, Turkey, where he averaged 17.1 points and 8.4 rebounds in 34 games. In 2006, Dudley re-signed with Türk Telekom, where he averaged 16.1 points, 8.8 rebounds and 1.4 assists in the Turkish Basketball League and 21.4 points, 6.8 rebounds, 1.2 assists in Fiba EuroCup.
After playing five seasons with Türk Telekom, Dudley's contract came to an end. In the summer of 2010, he signed a contract with Efes Pilsen.
In the summer of 2011, he signed a contract with Beşiktaş Cola Turka. He helped them win the Turkish Basketball League, Turkish Cup and EuroChallenge.
In the summer of 2012, he signed a contract with Galatasaray Liv Hospital.
In July 2014, he signed a contract with Turkish team Darüşşafaka.
Due to playing for Türk Telekom for three consecutive seasons, Dudley was eligible to apply for citizenship. On December 17, 2008, his citizenship became official. The 2009-2010 basketball season was his first playing as a Turkish citizen. Dudley currently maintains dual American and Turkish citizenship.
Dudley is the son of Patricia Dudley and Otis Hunter II. He is married to the former Tamara Croom and has a daughter, LaDaisha. In August 2011, he and his wife welcomed twins.He is the cousin of actor Tony Cox, who stands at 3 ft 6 in (107 cm). Cox's credits include "Friday" and “Me, Myself and Irene”.
Dudley's jobs growing up included picking okra and going to the stockyard to sell cows.
Dudley's wife is the niece of Sylvester Croom, the first African-American head football coach in the Southeastern Conference.
Dudley's brother, Jamaal Hunter, is currently the Mayor of their hometown, Uniontown, AL.
He is a member of Omega Psi Phi fraternity.