| Hill Palace - Tripunithura, Chottanikkara Temple, Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Ernakulam Shiva Temple, Sree Poornathrayeesa Temple|
Co-operative Medical College, Rajagiri School of Engineering & Technology - Ernakulam, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Sree Narayana Guru Institute of Science and Technology, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College
Ernakulam ( pronunciation ) refers to the eastern, mainland portion of the city of Kochi in central Kerala, India. The city is the most urban part of Kochi and has lent its name to the Ernakulam district. Ernakulam is called the commercial capital of the state of Kerala. The Kerala High Court, the Office of the Corporation of Kochi and the Cochin Stock Exchange are situated here. The Ernakulam Junction or South station, Ernakulam Town or North Station and Ernakulam Terminus(now defunct) railway stations of the Indian Railways lies in Ernakulam. Initially, Ernakulam was the headquarters of the Ernakulam District but was later shifted to Kakkanad. Ernakulam was once the capital of the Kingdom of Cochin. It is located 220 kilometres (137 mi) towards north-west of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The city has served as an incubator for many Malayali entrepreneurs and is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala.
The state government and the GCDA have plans to include Angamaly , Perumbavoor , Piravom and Kolenchery in Ernakulam district; Mala and Kodungallur in Thrissur district; Thalayolaparambu and Vaikom in Kottayam ; and Cherthala in Alappuzha district within the Kochi metropolitan limits. The newly formed metropolis would be put under the charge of a new authority called Kochi Metropolitan Regional Development Authority
Starting from the Stone Age, Ernakulam has been the site of human settlement. Monolithic monuments like Dolmens and rock-cut caves can be seen in many parts of Ernakulum.
The region can claim to have played a significant part in fostering the trade relations between Kerala and the outside world in the ancient and medieval period. The early political history of Ernakulam is interlinked with that of the Chera Dynasty of the Sangam age, who ruled over vast portions of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. After the Cheras, the place was later ruled by the Kingdom of Cochin (Perumpadapu Swaroopam).
Ernakulam was the capital of the erstwhile Cochin State. In the first state census of 1911, the population of Ernakulam was 21,901; 11,197 Hindus, 9,357 Christians, 935 Muslims, and 412 Jews.
The City of Ernakulam is situated in Ernakulam District of Central Kerala in India. Ernakulam is located at 9.98°N 76.28°E / 9.98; 76.28. It has an average elevation of 4 m (13 ft).
Under the Köppen climate classification, City of Ernakulam features a Tropical monsoon climate. Since the region lies in the south western coastal state of Kerala, the climate is tropical, with only minor differences in temperatures between day and night, as well as over the year. Summer lasts from March to May, and is followed by the South-west monsoon from June to September. October and November form the post monsoon or retreating monsoon season. Winter from December through February is slightly cooler, and windy, due to winds from the Western Ghats.
The City is drained in the monsoonal season by heavy showers. The average annual rainfall is 3000 mm. The South-west monsoon generally sets in during the last week of May. After July the rainfall decreases. On an average, there are 124 rainy days in a year. The maximum average temperature of the City in the summer season is 33 degree Celsius while the minimum temperature recorded is 22.5 degrees Celsius. The winter season records a maximum average of 29 degree Celsius and a minimum average of 20 degree Celsius..
Ernakulam is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala. The Cochin Port, DP World Kochi and Cochin Shipyard has resulted in the faster growth of the city. The technology park InfoPark, Kochi and SmartCity, Kochi is on the outskirts of the city.Tourism has also contributed heavily to the economy of Ernakulam. The city with its temples, old churches and its culture, is ranked first in the number of domestic tourists visiting.Vypin or Vypeen is one of a group of islands that form part of the city of Kochi, in the southwestern Indian state of Kerala. Vypin is one of the densely populated islands in Asia. The western coast of Vypin has the longest beaches in Kochi namely, the Cherai Beach, Kuzhuppilly Beach and the Puthuvype Beach. Vypin is now a fast-developing suburb of Kochi City. Today, all the basic infrastructure of modern living is available in Vypin. Kerala.Marine Drive, Kochi
Durbar Hall Ground
Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary
LuLu International Shopping Mall
Mahatma Gandhi Road (Kochi)
Sahodaran Ayyappan Road (Kochi).
Maharajas College ground with Synthetic Athletic track
Jawahar Lal Nehru International Stadium, Kaloor
Rajeev Gandhi Indoor Stadium, Kadavathara
Kerala High Court
B.R. Ambedkar Stadium
Hill Palace, Tripunithura
St. Albert's College (Autonomous), Ernakulam
Vivekananda Statue, Elamakkara
Vytilla Mobility hub, caters to the transportation needs of the city. Ernakulam is well served by private/government buses, autorickshaws, long and short distance trains and ferries. Ernakulam has a number of jetties where passengers can embark and disembark from ferries. Travelling via ferries is cheaper and faster than travelling by buses and/or autos. The main jetty is called the Ernakulam jetty from where one can board a ferry to Fort Kochi, Mattancherry and Willingdon Island.
Ernakulam is connected to the North-South Corridor National Highway System via the four-laned National Highway 66. The highway traverses through the entire length and breadth of the city from different points and provides access to the nearby cities such of Thrissur, Palakkad and Coimbatore. NH 66 provides two main exit points at Edapally and Vytilla to the Ernakulam city. The city is largely dependent on city buses, Taxis and auto rickshaws (called autos) for public transport. State-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) runs inter-state, inter-district and city services. The National Highway 17, National Highway 49 connected to Madurai, Main Central Road, State Highways are the roads which connect city with its suburbs and municipalities. Major Roads — M. G. Road, Sahodharan Ayyappan Road, Broadway and Marine drive walkway, Banerjee Road, Shanmugham Road, Kaloor-Kadavanthara Road. KL 07 Reg..,
Ernakulam Junction Railway Station is the one of the busiest railway station in Kerala. Ernakulam railway stations is located close to the town's main shopping area situated on MG Road. The Southern Railway Zone of the Indian Railways operates the main rail transport system in Ernakulam. There are two railway stations in Ernakulam City. Ernakulam Town railway station, it is situated in the northern part of the city and the stopping point for trains going towards mainly to Kottayam side in the south. Ernakulam Junction Railway Station, it is a junction and departing station of passengers, express trains, the stopping point for trains going towards south side Alappuzha. The Station also has a Train Care Centre in its premises. 21 trains originates from Ernakulam Junction. There is also a small railway station at Edappally.
Ernakulam city is served by Cochin International Airport (Nedumbassery), which is about 27 kilometers away. Direct domestic flights are available to major Indian cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai and Kolkata. International flights to Middle East cities like Bahrain, Muscat, Sharjah, Jeddah, Riyadh, Dammam, Doha and to Southeast Asian cities Singapore and Kuala Lumpur are available here. It has a dedicated Heli-taxi service and Chartered flights. In 2015, it became the world's first airport to be completed powered by solar energy.
Kochi Metro is a metro system for the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. The first phase is being set up at an estimated cost of ₹51.81 billion (US$810 million), and is expected to be completed by June 2017, revising the previous deadline of 1 November 2016.
Ernakulam also has ferry services connecting Ernakulam with Willington Island, Mattancherry, Fort Kochi & Mulavukadu at each intervals of 20 minutes.
Major Malayalam newspapers published in Ernakulam include Malayala Manorama, Mathrubhumi, Janmabhoomi, Madhyamam, Deshabhimani, Deepika, Kerala Kaumudi, Thejus, Metro Vartha, Siraj, Varthamanam, Janayugam, Kochi Vartha and Veekshanam.
Popular English newspapers include Deccan Chronicle, The Times Of India, The Hindu, The New Indian Express and The Pioneer. A number of evening papers are also published from the city.
Newspapers in other regional languages like Hindi, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu are also sold in large numbers.
Being the seat of the Cochin Stock Exchange, a number of financial publications are also published in the city. These include The Economic Times, Business Line, The Business Standard and The Financial Express.
Prominent magazines and religious publications like the Sathyadeepam, and The Week are also published .
Television stations in Ernakulam include Janam TV, Jeevan TV, WE TV, Flowers (TV channel) and Reporter TV. DTH services are available through Doordarshan Direct Plus, Dish TV, Sun Direct, airtel digital TV, Reliance Digital TV Videocon d2h and Tata Sky. The cable operators in Ernakulam are Asianet Cable Vision, Siti Cable, Kerala Vision, DEN Networks. The local channels are Asianet Cable Vision and Den mtn
All India Radio has two FM stations in the city, operating at 102.3 MHz AIR Kochi FM and 107.5 MHz. AIR Rainbow FM Private FM radio stations are 91.9 Radio Mango, 93.5 RED FM, 94.3 Club FM and 104.0 Radio Mirchi. These operates 24X7 Temples
Ernakulam Shiva Temple Ernakulathapan temple (Shiva)
Valanjambalam Devi Temple
Hanuman Temple, in Ernakulam Shiva Temple compound
Muruga Temple. in Ernakulam Shiva Temple compound
Thrikkakara temple, Thrikkakara, Ernakulam
Sivarathri Manappuram (Sree Mahadeva temple)(Dekshina Kaashi)
Kadungalloor Sree Narasimha Swamy temple
Thiruvalloor Sree Mahadeva Temple
Desom Sree Pallippattukavu Bhagavathy Temple
Desom Sree Ananthapuram Mahavishnu Temple
Sree Dhattha Anjaneya Temple
Uliyannoor Sree Mahadeva Temple
Pottachira Sree Krishna Temple
Thevarkadu Sree Mahavishnu-Durga Temple, Near Chowara Ferry
Thiruvairanikulam Sree Mahadeva Temple
Chembitta Pally, Kochangadi, Kochi, Ernakulam
Kanjiramattom Juma Masjid, Kanjramattam, Ernakulam
Ponnurunni Juma Masjid, Pallipadi, Thammanam, Ernakulam
Kadavanthra Salafi Juma Masjid
Vallarpadam Church Basilica of Our Lady of Ransom, Vallarpadam-Ernakulam
Marthoman Cathedral, Mulanthuruthy
Nadamel Marth Mariam Church
St. George Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Karingachira
Little Flower Church Elamkulam
St. Marys Soonoro Patriarchal Cathedral Elamkulam, Kochi
St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Morakkala
St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Catholic Cathedral Basilica, Ernakulam
St Jude Shrine and St Joseph Parish church, Thevara
St Mary's Forane Church (St Sebastian pilgrim centre) Kanjoor
Miraculous Shrine of St Joseph and St Antony's Parish, Kannamaly
St. Joseph's Shrine, Tripunithura
Thattazhthamma Chapel, Don Bosco Vaduthala
Infant Jesus church, Ernakulam
St. Jude's Church Karnakodam
Ponnurunny Ashramam ( Tomb of Servant of God Fr Theophane ofm)
Former Cathedral of St Joseph and Our lady of Mt Carmel, Servant of God Mother Eliswa Tomb, Varapuzha
Infant Jesus Parish Shrine, Thundathumkadavu, Varapuzha
St Augustine Parish Shrine, Moolampilly
Little Flower church, Pottakuzhy
Mt Carmel church, Chathiath
Mt Carmel church, Mamangalam
St Francis Asissi Cathedral and Our Lady of Perpetual Help Shrine, Ernakulam
Holy Family Monastery Church, Ernakulam
St. Teresa's Monastery Church, Ernakulam
St. John the Baptist Church, Palarivattom
St. Martin de porres church, Palarivattom
St. Francis Xavier Church, Kaloor
St George Hebron Jacobite Syrian Church
St. Raphael church, Thykoodam
Little Flower Church Koottukad
St. Antony's shrine, Chullikkal, Kochi
St. Sebastian Church, Thoppumpady
Santa Cruz church and Infant Jesus Shrine, Perumpadappu, Edakochi
St. Thomas More Church, Edakochi
St. Lawrence Church, Edakochi
St. Louis Church(St James Shrine), Mundemvelli
Our Lady of Hope Church, Fort Vypeen
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica, Fort kochi
Holy Family Church(St James Shrine), Nazareth, Fort kochi
Holy Face pilgrim centre, Emmanuel church, St John pattam, Fort kochi
Holy Cross Shrine ( Coonan Cross Shrine ), Mattancherry
St. Sebastian Church & Velankanni Madha Shrine, Chellanam
Malayatoor Kurishumudy International Shrine
St. Thomas Forane Church, Malayatoor
St. Thomas Forane Church, North Paravur
St. Antony's shrine, Chettikad
Sacred Heart shrine, vypeen
St. Ambrose Church, Edavanakad
Sacred heart Shrine and Don Bosco Church, North paravur
Manjummel Immaculate Conception Church (Tombs of Venerable Servants of God Fr Aurelious OCD and Fr Zachariah OCD)
St. Philomena's church and St Kuriakose Elias Chavara Archdiocesean Shrine, Koonammavu
St. Mary Magdalene church( Tomb of Servant of God Fr George Vakayil ), Maradu
St. Antony's Parish Shrine, Vaduthala
St. Francis Xavier Church, Ponekkara
St. George Church, Perumanoor
Our Lady of Dolours church, Ambikapuram, Perumanoor
St. Mary's Orthodox Cathedral
St. Antony's Shrine, Kaloor
St. George Forane Church, Edappally
Mar Yohannan Nepumsianose Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Konthuruthy, which houses the tomb of Mar Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly
Basilica of Our Lady of Snows, Pallippuram
St. Roch Shrine, Pallippuram
St. Antony's and Velankanni Madha Shrine, Manjummel kavala, Cheranellore
St. James Church Cheranellore
Our Lady of Lourdes church, Elammakara
Our Lady of Fatima, Elamkulam
St. Antony's Parish Shrine, Cheriyapilly, North Paravur
St. Thomas Jacobite Syrian Church, North Paravur
St. Vincent Ferrer Church, Chattanad
Infant Jesus church, Kunnel, Alangad
St. Mary's Church, Alangad
St. Kuriakose Kananaya Catholic Church, Kakkanad
St. Michael church, Kakkaand
St. Thomas Church( Birth place of Blessed Martyr Sister Rani Maria FC), Pulluvazhy
St. Mary's Forane Church, Tripunithura
St. Gervasis and Prothasis Church, Udeyamperoor
Colleges — Maharajas College, St. Teresa's College, St. Albert's College, Sacred Heart College, Thevara, Cochin University of Science and Technology, St. Paul’s College, Kalamassery, Rajagiri College of Social Sciences, Bharata Mata College, Government Model Engineering College, Government Law College, Ernakulam, Union Christian College, Aluva
Schools –St. Albert's HSS, Ernakulam, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kadavanthra (Ernakulam), St. Mary's Higher Secondary School(Morakkala), Najath public School, Global public school, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan — Kochi Kendra (7 schools), Sree Narayana Higher Secondary School (Thrikkanarvattom), Campion School (Edappally), Chinmaya Vidyalaya (Vaduthala), Choice, Vidyodaya School(Thevekkal), TocH, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Mountt Tabor Central School, seventh Day Adventist Higher Secondary School(kaloor), Chinmaya Vidyapeet.
Ernakulam assembly constituency is part of Ernakulam (Lok Sabha constituency).