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Siddhesh Joshi

Ernakulam

Country  India
Area  3,032 km2

State  Kerala
Ernakulam wwwlopsidedfroggycomkeralaindiamgroadernaku
Points of interest  Hill Palace - Tripunithura, Chottanikkara Temple, Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Ernakulam Shiva Temple, Sree Poornathrayeesa Temple
Colleges and Universities  Co-operative Medical College, Rajagiri School of Engineering & Technology - Ernakulam, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Sree Narayana Guru Institute of Science and Technology, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College

Languages spoken  Malayalam, English

Map of Ernakulam

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Ernakulam ( pronunciation ) refers to the eastern, mainland portion of the city of Kochi in central Kerala, India. The city is the most urban part of Kochi and has lent its name to the Ernakulam district. Ernakulam is called the commercial capital of the state of Kerala. The Kerala High Court, the Office of the Corporation of Kochi and the Cochin Stock Exchange are situated here. The Ernakulam Junction or South station, Ernakulam Town or North Station and Ernakulam Terminus(now defunct) railway stations of the Indian Railways lies in Ernakulam. Initially, Ernakulam was the headquarters of the Ernakulam District but was later shifted to Kakkanad. Ernakulam was once the capital of the Kingdom of Cochin. It is located 220 kilometres (137 mi) towards north-west of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The city has served as an incubator for many Malayali entrepreneurs and is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala.

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The state government and the GCDA have plans to include Angamaly , Perumbavoor , Piravom and Kolenchery in Ernakulam district; Mala and Kodungallur in Thrissur district; Thalayolaparambu and Vaikom in Kottayam ; and Cherthala in Alappuzha district within the Kochi metropolitan limits. The newly formed metropolis would be put under the charge of a new authority called Kochi Metropolitan Regional Development Authority

Ernakulam varapuzha backwater tourism wmv


Tourist destination ernakulam


Pre-history

Starting from the Stone Age, Ernakulam has been the site of human settlement. Monolithic monuments like Dolmens and rock-cut caves can be seen in many parts of Ernakulum.

Precolonial history

The region can claim to have played a significant part in fostering the trade relations between Kerala and the outside world in the ancient and medieval period. The early political history of Ernakulam is interlinked with that of the Chera Dynasty of the Sangam age, who ruled over vast portions of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. After the Cheras, the place was later ruled by the Kingdom of Cochin (Perumpadapu Swaroopam).

Colonial period

Ernakulam was the capital of the erstwhile Cochin State. In the first state census of 1911, the population of Ernakulam was 21,901; 11,197 Hindus, 9,357 Christians, 935 Muslims, and 412 Jews.

Geography

The City of Ernakulam is situated in Ernakulam District of Central Kerala in India. Ernakulam is located at 9.98°N 76.28°E / 9.98; 76.28. It has an average elevation of 4 m (13 ft).

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification, City of Ernakulam features a Tropical monsoon climate. Since the region lies in the south western coastal state of Kerala, the climate is tropical, with only minor differences in temperatures between day and night, as well as over the year. Summer lasts from March to May, and is followed by the South-west monsoon from June to September. October and November form the post monsoon or retreating monsoon season. Winter from December through February is slightly cooler, and windy, due to winds from the Western Ghats.

The City is drained in the monsoonal season by heavy showers. The average annual rainfall is 3000 mm. The South-west monsoon generally sets in during the last week of May. After July the rainfall decreases. On an average, there are 124 rainy days in a year. The maximum average temperature of the City in the summer season is 33 degree Celsius while the minimum temperature recorded is 22.5 degrees Celsius. The winter season records a maximum average of 29 degree Celsius and a minimum average of 20 degree Celsius..

Economy

Ernakulam is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala. The Cochin Port, DP World Kochi and Cochin Shipyard has resulted in the faster growth of the city. The technology park InfoPark, Kochi and SmartCity, Kochi is on the outskirts of the city.Tourism has also contributed heavily to the economy of Ernakulam. The city with its temples, old churches and its culture, is ranked first in the number of domestic tourists visiting.Vypin or Vypeen is one of a group of islands that form part of the city of Kochi, in the southwestern Indian state of Kerala. Vypin is one of the densely populated islands in Asia. The western coast of Vypin has the longest beaches in Kochi namely, the Cherai Beach, Kuzhuppilly Beach and the Puthuvype Beach. Vypin is now a fast-developing suburb of Kochi City. Today, all the basic infrastructure of modern living is available in Vypin. Kerala.

Landmarks/tourist spots

  • Marine Drive, Kochi
  • Durbar Hall Ground
  • Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary
  • Bolghatty
  • LuLu International Shopping Mall
  • Mahatma Gandhi Road (Kochi)
  • Sahodaran Ayyappan Road (Kochi).
  • Maharajas College ground with Synthetic Athletic track
  • Jawahar Lal Nehru International Stadium, Kaloor
  • Rajeev Gandhi Indoor Stadium, Kadavathara
  • Kerala High Court
  • Subhash Park
  • Children's Park
  • Changampuzha Park
  • B.R. Ambedkar Stadium
  • Penta Meneka
  • Hill Palace, Tripunithura
  • St. Albert's College (Autonomous), Ernakulam
  • Vivekananda Statue, Elamakkara
  • Transport

    Vytilla Mobility hub, caters to the transportation needs of the city. Ernakulam is well served by private/government buses, autorickshaws, long and short distance trains and ferries. Ernakulam has a number of jetties where passengers can embark and disembark from ferries. Travelling via ferries is cheaper and faster than travelling by buses and/or autos. The main jetty is called the Ernakulam jetty from where one can board a ferry to Fort Kochi, Mattancherry and Willingdon Island.

    Road

    Ernakulam is connected to the North-South Corridor National Highway System via the four-laned National Highway 66. The highway traverses through the entire length and breadth of the city from different points and provides access to the nearby cities such of Thrissur, Palakkad and Coimbatore. NH 66 provides two main exit points at Edapally and Vytilla to the Ernakulam city. The city is largely dependent on city buses, Taxis and auto rickshaws (called autos) for public transport. State-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) runs inter-state, inter-district and city services. The National Highway 17, National Highway 49 connected to Madurai, Main Central Road, State Highways are the roads which connect city with its suburbs and municipalities. Major Roads — M. G. Road, Sahodharan Ayyappan Road, Broadway and Marine drive walkway, Banerjee Road, Shanmugham Road, Kaloor-Kadavanthara Road. KL 07 Reg..,

    Railway

    Ernakulam Junction Railway Station is the one of the busiest railway station in Kerala. Ernakulam railway stations is located close to the town's main shopping area situated on MG Road. The Southern Railway Zone of the Indian Railways operates the main rail transport system in Ernakulam. There are two railway stations in Ernakulam City. Ernakulam Town railway station, it is situated in the northern part of the city and the stopping point for trains going towards mainly to Kottayam side in the south. Ernakulam Junction Railway Station, it is a junction and departing station of passengers, express trains, the stopping point for trains going towards south side Alappuzha. The Station also has a Train Care Centre in its premises. 21 trains originates from Ernakulam Junction. There is also a small railway station at Edappally.

    Air

    Ernakulam city is served by Cochin International Airport (Nedumbassery), which is about 27 kilometers away. Direct domestic flights are available to major Indian cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai and Kolkata. International flights to Middle East cities like Bahrain, Muscat, Sharjah, Jeddah, Riyadh, Dammam, Doha and to Southeast Asian cities Singapore and Kuala Lumpur are available here. It has a dedicated Heli-taxi service and Chartered flights. In 2015, it became the world's first airport to be completed powered by solar energy.

    Metro

    Kochi Metro is a metro system for the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. The first phase is being set up at an estimated cost of 51.81 billion (US$810 million), and is expected to be completed by June 2017, revising the previous deadline of 1 November 2016.

    Water

    Ernakulam also has ferry services connecting Ernakulam with Willington Island, Mattancherry, Fort Kochi & Mulavukadu at each intervals of 20 minutes.

    Print

    Major Malayalam newspapers published in Ernakulam include Malayala Manorama, Mathrubhumi, Janmabhoomi, Madhyamam, Deshabhimani, Deepika, Kerala Kaumudi, Thejus, Metro Vartha, Siraj, Varthamanam, Janayugam, Kochi Vartha and Veekshanam.

    Popular English newspapers include Deccan Chronicle, The Times Of India, The Hindu, The New Indian Express and The Pioneer. A number of evening papers are also published from the city.

    Newspapers in other regional languages like Hindi, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu are also sold in large numbers.

    Being the seat of the Cochin Stock Exchange, a number of financial publications are also published in the city. These include The Economic Times, Business Line, The Business Standard and The Financial Express.

    Prominent magazines and religious publications like the Sathyadeepam, and The Week are also published .

    Television

    Television stations in Ernakulam include Janam TV, Jeevan TV, WE TV, Flowers (TV channel) and Reporter TV. DTH services are available through Doordarshan Direct Plus, Dish TV, Sun Direct, airtel digital TV, Reliance Digital TV Videocon d2h and Tata Sky. The cable operators in Ernakulam are Asianet Cable Vision, Siti Cable, Kerala Vision, DEN Networks. The local channels are Asianet Cable Vision and Den mtn

    Radio

    All India Radio has two FM stations in the city, operating at 102.3  MHz AIR Kochi FM and 107.5 MHz. AIR Rainbow FM Private FM radio stations are 91.9 Radio Mango, 93.5 RED FM, 94.3 Club FM and 104.0 Radio Mirchi. These operates 24X7

    Places of worship

    Temples
  • Ernakulam Shiva Temple Ernakulathapan temple (Shiva)
  • Valanjambalam Devi Temple
  • Hanuman Temple, in Ernakulam Shiva Temple compound
  • Muruga Temple. in Ernakulam Shiva Temple compound
  • Thrikkakara temple, Thrikkakara, Ernakulam
  • Sivarathri Manappuram (Sree Mahadeva temple)(Dekshina Kaashi)
  • Kadungalloor Sree Narasimha Swamy temple
  • Thiruvalloor Sree Mahadeva Temple
  • Desom Sree Pallippattukavu Bhagavathy Temple
  • Desom Sree Ananthapuram Mahavishnu Temple
  • Sree Dhattha Anjaneya Temple
  • Uliyannoor Sree Mahadeva Temple
  • Pottachira Sree Krishna Temple
  • Thevarkadu Sree Mahavishnu-Durga Temple, Near Chowara Ferry
  • Thiruvairanikulam Sree Mahadeva Temple
  • Mosque
  • Chembitta Pally, Kochangadi, Kochi, Ernakulam
  • Kanjiramattom Juma Masjid, Kanjramattam, Ernakulam
  • Ponnurunni Juma Masjid, Pallipadi, Thammanam, Ernakulam
  • Kadavanthra Salafi Juma Masjid
  • Pulleppadi Masjid.
  • Church
  • Vallarpadam Church Basilica of Our Lady of Ransom, Vallarpadam-Ernakulam
  • Marthoman Cathedral, Mulanthuruthy
  • Nadamel Marth Mariam Church
  • St. George Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Karingachira
  • Little Flower Church Elamkulam
  • St. Marys Soonoro Patriarchal Cathedral Elamkulam, Kochi
  • St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Morakkala
  • St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Catholic Cathedral Basilica, Ernakulam
  • St Jude Shrine and St Joseph Parish church, Thevara
  • St Mary's Forane Church (St Sebastian pilgrim centre) Kanjoor
  • Miraculous Shrine of St Joseph and St Antony's Parish, Kannamaly
  • St. Joseph's Shrine, Tripunithura
  • Thattazhthamma Chapel, Don Bosco Vaduthala
  • Infant Jesus church, Ernakulam
  • St. Jude's Church Karnakodam
  • Ponnurunny Ashramam ( Tomb of Servant of God Fr Theophane ofm)
  • Former Cathedral of St Joseph and Our lady of Mt Carmel, Servant of God Mother Eliswa Tomb, Varapuzha
  • Infant Jesus Parish Shrine, Thundathumkadavu, Varapuzha
  • St Augustine Parish Shrine, Moolampilly
  • Little Flower church, Pottakuzhy
  • Mt Carmel church, Chathiath
  • Mt Carmel church, Mamangalam
  • St Francis Asissi Cathedral and Our Lady of Perpetual Help Shrine, Ernakulam
  • Holy Family Monastery Church, Ernakulam
  • St. Teresa's Monastery Church, Ernakulam
  • St. John the Baptist Church, Palarivattom
  • St. Martin de porres church, Palarivattom
  • St. Francis Xavier Church, Kaloor
  • Thamarachal Valiyapally
  • St George Hebron Jacobite Syrian Church
  • St. Raphael church, Thykoodam
  • Little Flower Church Koottukad
  • St. Antony's shrine, Chullikkal, Kochi
  • St. Sebastian Church, Thoppumpady
  • Santa Cruz church and Infant Jesus Shrine, Perumpadappu, Edakochi
  • St. Thomas More Church, Edakochi
  • St. Lawrence Church, Edakochi
  • St. Louis Church(St James Shrine), Mundemvelli
  • Our Lady of Hope Church, Fort Vypeen
  • Karingachira Church
  • Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica, Fort kochi
  • Holy Family Church(St James Shrine), Nazareth, Fort kochi
  • Holy Face pilgrim centre, Emmanuel church, St John pattam, Fort kochi
  • Holy Cross Shrine ( Coonan Cross Shrine ), Mattancherry
  • St. Sebastian Church & Velankanni Madha Shrine, Chellanam
  • Malayatoor Kurishumudy International Shrine
  • St. Thomas Forane Church, Malayatoor
  • St. Thomas Forane Church, North Paravur
  • St. Antony's shrine, Chettikad
  • Sacred Heart shrine, vypeen
  • St. Ambrose Church, Edavanakad
  • Sacred heart Shrine and Don Bosco Church, North paravur
  • Manjummel Immaculate Conception Church (Tombs of Venerable Servants of God Fr Aurelious OCD and Fr Zachariah OCD)
  • St. Philomena's church and St Kuriakose Elias Chavara Archdiocesean Shrine, Koonammavu
  • St. Mary Magdalene church( Tomb of Servant of God Fr George Vakayil ), Maradu
  • St. Antony's Parish Shrine, Vaduthala
  • St. Francis Xavier Church, Ponekkara
  • St. George Church, Perumanoor
  • Our Lady of Dolours church, Ambikapuram, Perumanoor
  • St. Mary's Orthodox Cathedral
  • St. Antony's Shrine, Kaloor
  • St. George Forane Church, Edappally
  • Mar Yohannan Nepumsianose Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Konthuruthy, which houses the tomb of Mar Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly
  • Basilica of Our Lady of Snows, Pallippuram
  • St. Roch Shrine, Pallippuram
  • St. Antony's and Velankanni Madha Shrine, Manjummel kavala, Cheranellore
  • St. James Church Cheranellore
  • Our Lady of Lourdes church, Elammakara
  • Our Lady of Fatima, Elamkulam
  • St. Antony's Parish Shrine, Cheriyapilly, North Paravur
  • St. Thomas Jacobite Syrian Church, North Paravur
  • St. Vincent Ferrer Church, Chattanad
  • St._Thomas_Marthoma_Church_Kalamassery
  • Infant Jesus church, Kunnel, Alangad
  • St. Mary's Church, Alangad
  • St. Kuriakose Kananaya Catholic Church, Kakkanad
  • St. Michael church, Kakkaand
  • St. Thomas Church( Birth place of Blessed Martyr Sister Rani Maria FC), Pulluvazhy
  • St. Mary's Forane Church, Tripunithura
  • St. Gervasis and Prothasis Church, Udeyamperoor
  • Education

  • Colleges — Maharajas College, St. Teresa's College, St. Albert's College, Sacred Heart College, Thevara, Cochin University of Science and Technology, St. Paul’s College, Kalamassery, Rajagiri College of Social Sciences, Bharata Mata College, Government Model Engineering College, Government Law College, Ernakulam, Union Christian College, Aluva
  • Schools –St. Albert's HSS, Ernakulam, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kadavanthra (Ernakulam), St. Mary's Higher Secondary School(Morakkala), Najath public School, Global public school, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan — Kochi Kendra (7 schools), Sree Narayana Higher Secondary School (Thrikkanarvattom), Campion School (Edappally), Chinmaya Vidyalaya (Vaduthala), Choice, Vidyodaya School(Thevekkal), TocH, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Mountt Tabor Central School, seventh Day Adventist Higher Secondary School(kaloor), Chinmaya Vidyapeet.
  • Politics

    Ernakulam assembly constituency is part of Ernakulam (Lok Sabha constituency).

    Stale food seized from hotels in ernakulam


    References

    Ernakulam Wikipedia


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