Neha Patil

Erianthemum dregei

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Kingdom  Plantae
Genus  Erianthemum
Order  Santalales
Family  Loranthaceae
Rank  Species
Erianthemum dregei Flora of Zimbabwe Species information individual images
Similar  Agelanthus, Santalales, Tapinanthus, Ileostylus

Erianthemum dregei is a species of parasitic plant in the Loranthaceae family, and is commonly known as the Hairy mistletoe or Wood flower.

Contents

Erianthemum dregei African Plants A Photo Guide Erianthemum dregei Eckl amp Zeyh

Distribution and habitat

Erianthemum dregei East African Plants A Photo Guide Erianthemum dregei Eckl

These plants are native to Africa and are parasitic on a large number of tree species in higher rainfall areas from the Eastern Cape of South Africa, through KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland and Mpumalanga, to East Africa, as far as northern Ethiopia. They are also found in southern Angola.

Description

Erianthemum dregei East African Plants A Photo Guide Erianthemum dregei Eckl

A branched parasitic shrub with spreading or pendent stems, forming clumps of up to 2m x 1.5m. The leaves are leathery and hairless, usually alternate (sometimes opposite), with conspicuous side veins. The growing points are velvety brown. The flowers are massed in small clusters and are densely hairy, pale yellowish-green and sometimes flushed orange to pink. The fruit is an orange to bright red berry, 10–15 mm in size. Erianthemum dregei shows great variation across its range.

Human uses

Erianthemum dregei is used in African traditional medicine to treat stomach complaints in children and cattle.

Ecological significance

The flowers and fruit attract birds. The leaves are eaten by the larvae of Mylothris agathina.

Erianthemum dregei East African Plants A Photo Guide Erianthemum dregei Eckl
Erianthemum dregei East African Plants A Photo Guide Erianthemum dregei Eckl
Erianthemum dregei httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

References

Erianthemum dregei Wikipedia


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Ileostylus
Santalales
Tapinanthus
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