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Kingdom  Plantae
Clade  Monocots
Subfamily  Asphodeloideae
Higher classification  Asphodelaceae
Order  Asparagales
Clade  Angiosperms
Family  Asphodelaceae
Scientific name  Eremurus
Rank  Genus

Similar  Foxtail Lily, Eremurus robustus, Camas, Chionodoxa, Erythronium

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Eremurus /ˌɛrˈmjʊərəs/ is a genus of deciduous perennial flowers, also known as the foxtail lilies or desert candles. They are native to eastern Europe (Russia + Ukraine) and temperate Asia from Turkey + Siberia to China.


The inflorescence looks similar to a long spike or a bottlebrush. It consists of many flowers in copper, bright yellow, snow white, pastel pink, orange or any combination of those colors. The leaves grow in tufts of thin, green, straplike strips. Species are known for thick roots that grow out from a central hub. It is also known for being tall, sometimes rising up to 10 feet over the foliage, depending on the variety. These plants are generally native to western and central Asia, although Eremurus thiodanthus is endemic to the Crimea.

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Eremurus is hardy to USDA Zones 5-7. In addition to the species named below, hybrids are sold, such as 'Cleopatra'. The octopus-like tuberous roots are easily injured; planting on a cone of soil, with the crown on the peak and the roots hanging down, is recommended. Plants are readily affected by winter root rot, so that a layer of sand or gravel beneath is recommended to ensure drainage. Covering with compost or mulch provides protection from frost.

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  1. Eremurus afghanicus Gilli - Afghanistan
  2. Eremurus aitchisonii Baker - Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  3. Eremurus alaicus Khalk - Kyrgyzstan
  4. Eremurus albertii Regel - Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  5. Eremurus × albocitrinus Baker - Iran (E. olgae × E. stenophyllus)
  6. Eremurus altaicus (Pall.) Steven - Altai Republic, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Xinjiang, Mongolia
  7. Eremurus ammophilus Vved. - Uzbekistan
  8. Eremurus anisopterus (Kar. & Kir.) Regel - Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Xinjiang
  9. Eremurus azerbajdzhanicus Kharkev. - Caucasus
  10. Eremurus bactrianus Wendelbo - Afghanistan
  11. Eremurus brachystemon Vved. - Tajikistan
  12. Eremurus bucharicus Regel - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  13. Eremurus candidus Vved. - Tajikistan
  14. Eremurus cappadocicus J.Gay ex Baker - Turkey, Iraq, Syria
  15. Eremurus chinensis O.Fedtsch. - Gansu, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan
  16. Eremurus chloranthus Popov - Uzbekistan but extinct
  17. Eremurus comosus O.Fedtsch. - Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  18. Eremurus cristatus Vved. - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
  19. Eremurus czatkalicus Lazkov - Kyrgyzstan
  20. Eremurus dolichomischus Vved. & Wendelbo - Afghanistan, Pakistan
  21. Eremurus furseorum Wendelbo - Afghanistan
  22. Eremurus fuscus (O.Fedtsch.) Vved - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan
  23. Eremurus hilariae Popov & Vved. - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  24. Eremurus himalaicus Baker - Himalayas of Afghanistan + Pakistan + Kashmir
  25. Eremurus hissaricus Vved - Gissar Range in Tajikistan + Uzbekistan
  26. Eremurus iae Vved. - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  27. Eremurus inderiensis (M.Bieb.) Regel - European Russia, Western Siberia, Central Asia, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Xinjiang, Mongolia
  28. Eremurus × isabellinus P. L. Vilm. (E. stenophyllus × E. olgae) - Garden origin
  29. Eremurus jungei Juz. - Crimea
  30. Eremurus kaufmannii Regel - Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  31. Eremurus kopet-daghensis Karrer - Turkmenistan, Iran
  32. Eremurus korovinii B.Fedtsch. - Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  33. Eremurus korshinskyi O.Fedtsch - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  34. Eremurus lachnostegius Vved. - Tajikistan
  35. Eremurus lactiflorus O.Fedtsch. - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
  36. Eremurus × ludmillae Levichev & Priszter - Uzbekistan (E. regelii × E. turkestanicus)
  37. Eremurus luteus Baker - Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  38. Eremurus micranthus Vved. - Tajikistan
  39. Eremurus nuratavicus Khokhr. Uzbekistan
  40. Eremurus olgae Regel - a dwarf species flowering in June or July, making it one of the last species to flower - Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan
  41. Eremurus parviflorus Regel - Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan
  42. Eremurus persicus (Jaub. & Spach) Boiss. - Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir
  43. Eremurus pubescens Vved. - Tajikistan
  44. Eremurus rechingeri Wendelbo - Iraq
  45. Eremurus regelii Vved. - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan
  46. Eremurus robustus (Regel) Regel - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan - the stem grows from 6 to 10 feet high.
  47. Eremurus roseolus Vved - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  48. Eremurus saprjagajevii B.Fedtsch. - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  49. Eremurus soogdianus (Regel) Benth. & Hook.f. - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan
  50. Eremurus spectabilis M.Bieb. - European Russia, Ukraine, Caucasus, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Turkmenistan
  51. Eremurus stenophyllus (Boiss. & Buhse) Baker - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan
  52. Eremurus subalbiflorus Vved. - Turkmenistan, Iran
  53. Eremurus suworowii Regel - Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  54. Eremurus tadshikorum Vved. - Tajikistan
  55. Eremurus tauricus Steven - Crimea, northern Caucasus in Russia
  56. Eremurus thiodanthus Juz. - Crimea
  57. Eremurus tianschanicus Pazij & Vved. ex Pavlov - Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan
  58. Eremurus turkestanicus Regel - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan
  59. Eremurus wallii Rech.f. - Syria
  60. Eremurus zangezuricus Mikheev - southern Caucasus
  61. Eremurus zenaidae Vved. - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan
  62. Eremurus zoae Vved. - Kyrgyzstan

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