Harman Patil (Editor)

Eranthis

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Ranunculaceae
Higher classification  Ranunculaceae
Order  Ranunculales
Scientific name  Eranthis
Rank  Genus
Eranthis pacificbulbsocietyorgpbswikifilesEranthisEran
Similar  Eranthis hyemalis, Petunia × atkinsiana, Fritillaria imperialis, Acaena, Fritillaria meleagris

Winter aconites eranthis hyemalis


Eranthis (winter aconite) is a genus of eight species of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family), native to southern Europe and east across Asia to Japan. The common name comes from the early flowering time and the resemblance of the leaves to those of the related genus Aconitum, the true aconite. Like the notoriously toxic Aconitum (and, indeed, many other genera of the Ranunculaceae) Eranthis is poisonous, although its chemistry is different, the toxic compounds present being mainly cardiac glycosides of the bufadienolide group similar to those found in Adonis vernalis, rather than the extraordinarily virulent alkaloids of Aconitum.

Contents

They are herbaceous perennials growing to 10–15 cm (4–6 in) tall. The flowers are yellow (white in E. albiflora and E. pinnatifida), and among the first to appear in spring, as early as January in mild climates, though later where winter snowpack persists; they are frost-tolerant and readily survive fresh snow cover unharmed. The leaves only expand fully when the flowers are nearly finished; they are peltate, 5–8 cm diameter, with several notches, and only last for 2–3 months before dying down during the late spring.

Eranthis Pacific Bulb Society Eranthis

Species in this genus are spring ephemerals, growing on forest floors and using the sunshine available below the canopy of deciduous trees before the leaves come out; the leaves die off when the shade from tree canopies becomes dense, or, in dry areas, when summer drought reduces water availability.

Eranthis Eranthis hyemalis Winter Aconite

They are popular ornamental plants grown for their winter or early spring flowering. E. hyemalis is widely naturalised in northern Europe and North America.

Eranthis Winter Aconite Eranthis hyemalis NatureSpot
Species
  • Eranthis albiflora. Western China.
  • Eranthis cilicica. Southwestern Asia.
  • Eranthis hyemalis. Southern Europe.
  • Eranthis lobulata. Western China.
  • Eranthis longistipitata. Central Asia.
  • Eranthis pinnatifida. Japan.
  • Eranthis sibirica. Northern Asia.
  • Eranthis stellata. Eastern Asia (northern China, Korea, southeast Russia).
  • Eranthis byunsanensis. South Korea

  • Eranthis Eranthis hyemalis winter aconiteRHS Gardening

    Timelapse eranthis


    Eranthis Eranthis hyemalis Wikiwand

    References

    Eranthis Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Acaena
    Eranthis hyemalis
    Fritillaria imperialis
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