Trisha Shetty

Eosalmo

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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  Salmonidae
Scientific name  Eosalmo driftwoodensis
Rank  Genus
Class  Actinopterygii
Species  E. driftwoodensis
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Salmonids
Eosalmo
Similar  Salmonids, Salvethymus svetovidovi, Salmoninae, Stenodus, Prosopium

Eosalmo is a genus of extinct salmon which lived during the Eocene epoch. The genus was first described in 1977 from fossils found in lacustrine deposits in Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park, near Smithers, British Columbia, Canada. Fossils from this genus have also been found at sites in Princeton, British Columbia, the McAbee Fossil Beds in B.C., and Republic, Washington, USA. When first described the genus was thought to be intermediate in form to the living salmon subfamilies Salmoninae (trout and salmon) and Thymallinae (graylings). More recent review of the genus has placed Eosalmo as the most primitive member of the Salmoninae subfamily. Fossils found in Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park display a full range of individuals from young juveniles through adults. This range indicates that the genus was completely freshwater dwelling and did not spend time in saltwater.

Physiology

Several unique characters found in Eosalmo separate the genus from extant salmonids. The subopercle exhibits an anetrodorsal process which meets the edge of the subopercle at approximately a 60° angle. Also unique is the basihyal tooth plate, which is broad, flat, thin, and lacking any teeth along the edges. Modern salonids possess stout teeth along the edge of the basiyal. The morphology suggests Eosalmo represents an intermediate between the modern Salmoninae and Thymallinae subfamilies and evolved from a grayling like ancestor.

References

Eosalmo Wikipedia


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Prosopium
Salvethymus svetovidovi
Stenodus
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