Enderlin was founded in 1891.
Local folklore suggests the name is derived from the semi-German "End der Line" ("end of the line"), as the city was briefly the terminus of the Soo Line Railroad's main line through North Dakota. Another explanation is that the name was suggested by the wife of a Soo Line official and comes from a fictional character in a book.
Enderlin is located at 46°37′21″N 97°36′0″W (46.622365, -97.600125), along the Maple River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.44 square miles (3.73 km2), all of it land.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Enderlin has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 886 people, 386 households, and 225 families residing in the city. The population density was 615.3 inhabitants per square mile (237.6/km2). There were 454 housing units at an average density of 315.3 per square mile (121.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.6% White, 0.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.
There were 386 households of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.7% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.81.
The median age in the city was 48.5 years. 21.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.4% were from 45 to 64; and 25.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 947 people, 406 households, and 233 families residing in the city. The population density was 670.1 people per square mile (259.3/km²). There were 481 housing units at an average density of 340.4 per square mile (131.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.88% White, 0.32% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.95% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.
There were 406 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4% were non-families. 37.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 25.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,589, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $36,042 versus $21,023 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,883. About 4.7% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.
Railway shipping remains an important part of the local economy, with the Soo Line, now a subsidiary of the Canadian Pacific Railway, continuing to operate a yard in the city. Another important part of the local economy is an ADM edible oil processing plant located just southeast of town.First Lutheran Church – ECLA Congregation
Trinity Lutheran Church – founded in 1884 by German immigrants, and after 1941 all services were in English.
St. Patrick Catholic Church – only Roman Catholic church in Enderlin
Kenneth O. Bjork, educator and historian
T. Keith Glennan, space agency director
Gaylord T. Gunhus, United States Army chaplain
John Wall, North Dakota educator and politician