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Emil Constantinescu

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Preceded by  Ion Iliescu
Signature  
Nationality  Romanian
Name  Emil Constantinescu
Succeeded by  Ion Iliescu
Profession  Professor of Geology
Role  Romanian Politician
Children  Dragos, Norina Boru
Religion  Romanian Orthodox

Emil Constantinescu Emil Constantinescu despre aurul de la Roia Montan

Born  19 November 1939 (age 76)Tighina, Kingdom of Romania (present day de jure Moldova, de facto Transnistrian Moldovan Republic) (1939-11-19)
Other politicalaffiliations  Romanian Communist Party (1965-1989)CDR (1990-1996)AP (2001-2008)
Spouse  Ileana Constantinescu (m. 1963)
Presidential term  November 29, 1996 – December 20, 2000

Political party  National Liberal Party
Education  University of Bucharest

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Emil Constantinescu ([eˈmil konstantiˈnesku]; born 19 November 1939) is a Romanian professor and politician, who served as the third President of Romania, from 1996 to 2000.

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Emil Constantinescu Interviu cu fostul preedinte Emil Constantinescu

Constantinescu first graduated from the Faculty of Law and then the Faculty of Geology and Geophysics of the University of Bucharest, and subsequently started a career as a geologist. He is a doctor in Geology from the University of Bucharest; Doctor in Sciences from the Duke University, USA. Beginning in 1966, Constantinescu taught in the Geology Faculty of the University of Bucharest.

Emil Constantinescu Emil Constantinescu

After the Romanian revolution in 1989, Constantinescu became a founding member and vice president of the Civic Alliance. He was the acting chairman of the Romanian Anti-Totalitarian Forum, the first associative structure of the opposition in Romania, which was transformed into a centre-right political and electoral alliance known as the Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR).

turneul candidatilor 1996 dezbaterea ion iliescu emil constantinescu


Early life and career

Emil Constantinescu Emil Constantinescu Biography Childhood Life Achievements Timeline

Constantinescu was born in Tighina in 1939, where his parents were temporarily living. He received three degrees from the University of Bucharest: in law (1960), geology (1966), and a doctorate in geology and geography (1979). He practiced law in Pitești in 1961–1962, but switched his focus to geology after deciding that a legal career would involve too many compromises.

Emil Constantinescu Emil Constantinescu Wikipedia

However, along with many other intellectuals, he joined the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) in 1965, hoping to foster change from within. Named a professor of geology and geography in Bucharest the following year, he later became the department's PCR cell leader for organization and propaganda. He taught geology until 1990, when he was named pro-rector of the university. He rose to the position of rector in 1992, and held it until 1996.

In 1992 Constantinescu was elected president (rector) of the University of Bucharest. During the same year, he also became CDR's candidate for president of Romania. He lost the election to then incumbent Ion Iliescu after the second round. In 1996, he competed once again for presidency with the support of the Romanian Democratic Convention and managed to defeat Iliescu in the second round, securing a victory by a margin of roughly 10%. CDR's success at the 1996 general elections marked the first peaceful transition of power in post-1989 Romania.

Nonetheless, throughout his four-year term, Constantinescu struggled with the slow implementation of the processes of modernization and privatization, which were bogged down by excessive bureaucracy. After another Mineriad which took place in 1999 and ended with the arrest of Miron Cozma, the remainder of his term suffered a political crisis between the majority parties that at the time formed the governing coalition. The country was further damaged by a drought in 2000. Eventually, his mandate ended with little short-term progress in economic privatization, as the state still controlled 80% of the economy.

After the presidency

Constantinescu's presidency along with CDR's governing were marred by an economic recession. Despite this, his presidency is now credited with putting an end to the Mineriads, a reform of the banking system, as well as with the attraction of the first major foreign investments in Romania. With dashed expectations of an immediate improvement in daily life, Romanians exhibited strong disillusionment with the major parties and politicians, with the Greater Romania Party gaining the second place in the 2000 elections.

A disenchanted Emil Constantinescu, who lost popularity and had failed to fulfill his reformist agenda announced on 17 July, 2000 that he would not run for a second term.. He temporarily withdrew from political life at the end of his term in November 2000. Constantinescu's direction in foreign affairs continued however after the comeback of Ion Iliescu in 2000. Eventually, Romania joined NATO in 2004.

The former President returned to the political scene in 2002 as head of the People's Action (Acţiunea Populară) party, which subsequently merged within the National Liberal Party in 2008.

Constantinescu has occasionally criticized the policies of the 2004–2009 president, Traian Băsescu, accusing him of authoritarian tendencies, and supported Crin Antonescu in the first round of the 2009 presidential elections.

Nowadays, he still remains heavily involved in politics through working for many NGOs, both in Romania and internationally. Emil Constantinescu is the current president of the Association of Citizenship Education, of the Romanian Foundation for Democracy and also the founding president of the Institute for Regional Cooperation and Conflict Prevention (INCOR).

A frequent speaker at the Oslo Freedom Forum, in 2010 he presented the OFF with a presidential medal. He is also a member of the international advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.

Honours and awards

  •  Romania:
  • Order of Michael the Brave
  • Order of the Star of Romania
  • Emblema de Onoare an Armatei României ("The Romanian Army's Badge of Honor") – 24 October 2012
  •  Finland: Order of the White Rose of Finland (1998)
  •  Austria: Order of Merit of the Austrian Republic (1999)
  •  Norway: Order of St. Olav (1999)
  •  Turkey: Order of the State of Republic of Turkey (1999)
  •  Denmark: Order of the Elephant (2000)
  •  Slovakia: Grand Cross (or 1st Class) of the Order of the White Double Cross (2000)
  •  Croatia: Grand Order of King Tomislav (2000)
  •  United Kingdom: Honorary Knight of the Order of St Michael and St George (2000)
  •  Portugal: Order of Prince Henry (2000)
  •  Ukraine: Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (2000)
  • References

    Emil Constantinescu Wikipedia