Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Elaeocarpus sylvestris

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Elaeocarpaceae
Scientific name  Elaeocarpus sylvestris
Rank  Species
Order  Oxalidales
Genus  Elaeocarpus
Higher classification  Elaeocarpus
Elaeocarpus sylvestris Flowers of Elaeocarpus sylvestris var ellipticus Flowers Flickr

Similar  Southern magnolia, Podocarpus macrophyllus, Michelia maudiae, Elaeocarpus, Elaeocarpaceae

Elaeocarpus sylvestris, the woodland elaeocarpus, is a tree species in the genus Elaeocarpus.



Elaeocarpus sylvestris uploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsddcElaeoc

The woodland elaeocarpus is found in China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam (Indochina).

Vernacular names

Elaeocarpus sylvestris Elaeocarpus sylvestris Lour Poir Checklist View

  • Chinese: 山杜英 shan du ying
  • Japanese: ホルトノキ Horutonoki or モガシ Mogashi
  • Korean: 담팔수 dampalsu
  • Vietnamese : Côm trâu, Côm cánh trụi, côm rừng, côm gạo, côm lá to, côm tầng, xương cá
  • Description

    Elaeocarpus sylvestris Elaeocarpus sylvestris Lour Poir Checklist View

    The tree is up to 15 m and is found in evergreen forests at altitudes comprised between 300 and 2000 m. The evergreen shiny leaves are oblanceolate. The greeny-white flowers are grouped in racemes and are followed by black olive-like fruit in autumn.


    Elaeocarpus sylvestris FileElaeocarpus sylvestris3jpg Wikimedia Commons

    The fruits of the woodland elaeocarpus are edible. The oil from the seeds may be processed into soap or lubricants. The bark may be used as a source for dye. The wood does not resist water, so it is not considered good timber, but it is used for growing shiitake mushrooms.

    It is also planted along streets and in parks.


    Elaeocarpus sylvestris Elaeocarpus sylvestris Lour Poir Checklist View

    The larvae of the moth Leucoblepsis excisa feed on the leaves of E. sylvestris. In urban forests of Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, the Formosan squirrel (Callosciurus erythraeus taiwanensis) is a pest to the tree because of its gnawing habit.

    Woodland elaeocarpus in susceptible to Elaeocarpus yellows, a disease discovered in 1999 and a type of Phytoplasma disease, which causes a chlorosis (Japanese: 萎黄病 io-byo) of the plant. Oxytetracycline has been used to fight the pathogen.


    This species contains the gallotannin 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose, a compound that may be used in radioprotection. It also contains elaeocarpusin, a molecule with a unique acid ester group probably derived by a condensation of a hexahydroxydiphenoyl group and dehydroascorbic acid attached to the 2,4-positions of 1-O-galloyl- 3,6-(R)-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-D-glucopyranose (corilagin).


    The horutonoki (Elaeocarpus sylvestris var. ellipticus) is the tree symbol of Japanese city Urasoe, Okinawa. Wild Dampalsu trees (Elaeocarpus sylvestris var. ellipticus) in Cheonjiyeon Waterfall are South Korean Natural Monument no. 163.


    Elaeocarpus sylvestris Wikipedia