Sneha Girap (Editor)

El Oued

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Country  Algeria
Area  77.0 km2

El Oued (Arabic: ?, meaning the River) or Oued Souf is a city, and the capital of El Oued Province, in Algeria. The oasis town is watered by an underground river, hence its name, which enables date palm cultivation and the rare use (for the desert) of brick construction for housing. As most roofs are domed, it is known as the "City of a Thousand Domes".


Map of El Oued

El Oued is located 400 miles (640 km) south east of Algiers (the capital city of Algeria), near the Tunisian border. The population of El Oued was 134,699 as of the 2008 census, up from 105,256 in 1998, with a population growth rate of 2.5%.

Ras el oued


El Oued has a hot desert climate (Koppen climate classification BWh), with very hot summers and mild winters. Rainfall is light and sporadic, and summers are particularly dry.


The N16 highway connects El Oued to Touggourt to the southwest and Tebessa to the northeast. The N48 connects El Oued to the town of Still to the north, from which the N3 may be used to reach Biskra.

El Oued lies about 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of Guemar Airport.


7.4% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 17.5% has completed secondary education. The overall literacy rate is 86.1% (second highest in the province), and is 91.2% among males (second highest in the province) and 80.6% among females (equal highest in the province).


The commune of El Oued is composed of six localities:


El Oued in the past, History of El Oued

The city was conquered by the Banu Hilal to the eleventh century. The population speaks Hilalians dialects and has few Berbers.


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