Mrs. Kalyani.Nitin.Patil (Shivsena)
| Shivajirao S Jondhale College of Engineering, Pendharkar College|
Dombivli / Dombivali is an important city in Kalyan-Dombivli twin city of Thane district in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It is one of the most modern urban centres in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It is located about 50 km from Mumbai. The nearest city, Thane, is only about 10 km away. The population of the twin city of Kalyan-Dombivli at the 2011 Census counted to 1,246,381 (52% males and 48% females).
Dombivlis history dates back to the medieval period and no major archaeological evidences of her early habitation were found. Dombivli was first documented in the year 1075 by King Harpal Dev on stone inscriptions, situated at Mahul village near the Turbhe port. However, the stone writings in Dombivli referring to her existence during the years 1396-97 confirms the fact.
The Portuguese stationed themselves at several places when they came to Dombivli. Existence of Dombivli can also be traced back approximately in the year 1730 during the Peshwa rule. In the 19th century, farmers cultivated paddy and sold it in the areas from Kalyan to Mumbai.
Dombivli is surrounded by the ruins from the following villages.
- Chole village, Thakurli (W)
- Ayre village towards East,
- Patharli village towards South, and
- Thakurli East towards North
Of the first few settlers was Late. Shri Narayan Atmaram Patkar, who emigrated in year 1880 to Kopargaon. Through Kalyan creek waters, he traded in Rice and other commodities locally grown there. Dombivli witnessed the residence of many remarkable people, like late shri.Manohar Govind Mokashi who was a freedom fighter, also was the founder member of "Rashtriya shikshan sanstha" and chief promoter for "Dombivli nagari sahakari bank Ltd".
The town is one of the densely populated places.
One of the significant cultural events of Dombivli is the Nav-varsha Swagat Shobha Yatra that started in the suburb in late 1990s. This procession is organised on the first day of the Hindu new year popularly known as Gudhi Padwa. Other major cities like Thane, Nasik and Pune have started organizing similar processions. Mixed culture has led people celebrate almost every known festival. Almost all festivals are celebrated here by almost entire crowd.
Shree Ganesh Mandir, Shree Mayureshwara Mandir, Aphale Ram Mandir, GaonDevi Mandir, Pimpaleshwar Mandir, Vitthal Mandir, Shree Swaminarayan Mandir, Khidkaleshwar Shiv Mandir, Venkateshwara (Balaji) Mandir, Bhavani Mandir and Shani Dhaam (Prati Shani-Shingnapur), Ashapura-mata Mandir,Shree Ponnu Guruvayurappan temple are some of the most prominent religious places.
Gudhi Padwa festival marks the beginning of the Marathi new year, March or April, according to the Saka calendar. Ganesh Mandir, in particular, glitters like none other during all major Hindu festivals, let alone Gudi Padwa.
Shree Swaminarayan Mandir
Shree Swaminarayan Mandir, located near the Dombivli railway station towards East., is considered a significant and spiritual place.
Shree Mayureshwara Temple
One of the newer temples is that of Shri Mayureshwara. It is located in the Bhopar area. Very beautiful architecture and a must visit among newer temples.
One stretch road from Shree Ganesh Mandir to the railway station is the famous Phadke road, a must watch during almost all major festivals. The road is filled with crowd during festivals and the young crowd meets here on every festival making it the most crowded place during festivals.
Based on this city, Dombivali Fast is a critically acclaimed Marathi film directed by Nishikanth Kamat. The film bears resemblance to the 1993 Hollywood film Falling Down, starring Michael Douglas. Another movie called Dombivli Return was releated in 2014; although not a sequel of Dombivli Fast. Dombivli Return is a socio-psychological thriller. The movie stars award-winning actor Sandeep Kulkarni (who is also the co-producer) and Rajeshwari Sachdev in unglamorous roles playing a regular middle-class couple.
Savitribai Phule Natyagruha is a KDMC operated, state of art, recently built auditorium in Dombivli. It stages marathi plays, stand-ups and various other cultural programmes.
Tilak Cineplex near station on Dombivli east and Gopi Cinema on Dombivli west are popular Cinema Halls in the city.
The industrial part of this place has a number of factories manufacturing dyes, paints, and industrial and agricultural chemicals. Heavy metal factories manufacturing a wide variety of equipment are also based in this region. A few nationally prominent industrial establishments that have manufacturing plants in Dombivli are Gharda Chemicals, Vicco Labs, Lloyd Steel and Deepak Fertilizers. The city has three railway stations under her direct jurisdiction: Dombivli, Thakurli, Kopar, and upper Kopar railway station (on Diva-Bhiwandi-Vasai and Panvel-Dahanu-Boisar lines).Dombivli is one of the fastest developing suburb of Mumbai.
"Dombivli Shaharacha Itihaas", the History of Dombivli was twice biographed, once in late 1950 and later in 2000. Many believe, "Dombivli" was derived from her inhabitants, the "Dombs", who performed the last Hindu rite of cremating the dead.
The Agri and Koli communities also called "Bhoomi putras" or the sons of the soil; former owned and still owns paddy fields and salt pans and the latter ruled the seas.