Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Dharmasraya

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Covid-19
Languages  Old Malay, Sanskrit
Government  Monarchy
Founded  1183
Religion  Mahayana Buddhism
c. 1347  Adityawarman
Date dissolved  1347

c. 1183  Srimat Trailokyaraja Maulibhusana Warmadewa
c. 1286  Srimat Tribhuwanaraja Mauli Warmadewa
Capitals  Muaro Jambi Temple Compounds, Dharmasraya Regency

Arr miyho aku bangga anak dharmasraya


Dharmasraya is the capital and also the name of the 11th century Malay Buddhist kingdom based on the Batanghari river system in modern-day Jambi and West Sumatra, on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. The kingdom itself could be identified by the name of its capital Dharmasraya or by the name Bhumi Malayu or Suvarnnabhumi according to Padang Roco inscription. The reference to the name Malayu signify that the kingdom is located on previously older Malayu kingdom area prior being absorbed into Srivijayan mandala c. late 7th century, thus suggesting that Dharmasraya was the successor of Malayu. Dharmasraya became an independent kingdom after the downfall of Srivijaya in 1025.

Contents

Lagu minang dharmasraya tacinto dina eryan


Formation

After the invasion by Rajendra Chola I the king of the Chola Empire from Koromandel, authority of Sailendra dynasty over the islands of Sumatera and the Malay Peninsula weakened. Some time later came a new dynasty that took over the role of Sailendra Dynasty, called by the name of Mauli dynasty. The Dharmasraya can be considered as the successor of Srivijaya.

The oldest inscription bearing the name of Maharaja Mauli is the Grahi inscription dated 1183 discovered in Chaiya (Grahi) Malay Peninsula, Southern Thailand. The inscription bears the order of Maharaja Srimat Trailokyaraja Maulibhusana Warmadewa to the bhupati (regent) of Grahi named Mahasenapati Galanai to make a statue of Buddha weight 1 bhara 2 tula with the value of 10 gold tamlin. The artist name that responsible to create the statue is Mraten Sri Nano.

The second inscription from Mauli dynasty appear approximately a hundred years later in 1286. The inscription in which the name Dharmasraya and the name of king is Srimat Tribhuwanaraja Mauli Warmadewa appears dates from the 13th century, namely the Padang Roco inscription discovered around the headwaters of Batanghari river (now Dharmasraya Regency in West Sumatera), dated 1286.

The List of Rulers

The Maharajas of Dharmasraya:

References

Dharmasraya Wikipedia


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