Delhi is a census designated place (CDP) in Merced County in the U.S. state of California. Delhi is 18 miles (29 km) west-northwest of Merced, at an elevation of 118 feet (36 m). According to the 2010 census, the population was 10,755 up from 8,022 at the 2000 census.
Residents pronounce the name of Delhi, California, as /ˈdɛlhaɪ/ (DELL-high), not like Delhi, India.
Delhi is located at 37°25′56″N 120°46′43″W. It lies across the Merced River from Livingston. Hilmar is to the west; Turlock to the north; and Ballico to the east.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2), all of it land.
Delhi is the largest unincorporated town of Merced County. The Delhi Municipal Advisory Council advises the Merced County Board of Supervisors concerning any services which are or may be provided within the boundaries of the Delhi School District by the County or other local governmental agencies. It has its own unified school district with three K through 8th schools, (El Capitan Elementary, Schendel Elementary, and Harmony School), one high school, (Delhi Educational Park), and one continuation high school, (Shattuck Educational Park). Delhi's Harmony School opened in 2005. Delhi is in the Turlock Irrigation District, which provides farm water and electrical service. The Delhi County Water District provides drinking water and sewer service.
In the California State Legislature, Delhi is in the 12th Senate District, represented by Republican Anthony Cannella, and in the 21st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Adam Gray.
In the United States House of Representatives, Delhi is in California's 16th congressional district, represented by Democrat Jim Costa.
The Delhi post office opened in 1912, closed in 1918, and re-opened in 1920.
The building housing the New Beginnings Christian Center, now a church in Delhi, was built for display at the World's Fair in San Francisco, in 1939. A Delhi resident bought the structure and had it disassembled and shipped by train to Delhi, where it was re-assembled at its current location on 9711 N. Stephens Street.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Delhi had a population of 10,755. The population density was 3,063.7 people per square mile (1,182.9/km²). The racial makeup of Delhi was 5,655 (52.6%) White, 118 (1.1%) African American, 157 (1.5%) Native American, 405 (3.8%) Asian, 30 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 3,930 (36.5%) from other races, and 460 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7,706 persons (71.7%).
The Census reported that 10,708 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 36 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 11 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 2,680 households, out of which 1,655 (61.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,760 (65.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 412 (15.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 189 (7.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 169 (6.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 10 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 251 households (9.4%) were made up of individuals and 92 (3.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.00. There were 2,361 families (88.1% of all households); the average family size was 4.18.
The population was spread out with 3,793 people (35.3%) under the age of 18, 1,218 people (11.3%) aged 18 to 24, 3,024 people (28.1%) aged 25 to 44, 2,037 people (18.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 683 people (6.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27.5 years. For every 100 females there were 102.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.
There were 2,854 housing units at an average density of 813.0 per square mile (313.9/km²), of which 1,830 (68.3%) were owner-occupied, and 850 (31.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.2%. 7,262 people (67.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,446 people (32.0%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,022 people, 2,126 households, and 1,832 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,725.2 people per square mile (666.1/km²). There were 2,186 housing units at an average density of 470.1 per square mile (181.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 53.34% White, 1.70% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 2.61% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 34.49% from other races, and 6.78% from two or more races. 55.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,126 households out of which 56.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.1% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.8% were non-families. 10.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.75 and the average family size was 4.00.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 37.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 102.1 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there are 98.6 men.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $41,629, and the median income for a family was $42,702. Males had a median income of $31,321 versus $19,777 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,960. About 9.8% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 17.9% of those age 65 or over.