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David Rose (songwriter)

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Years active  1940s–1990
Name  David Rose

Role  Songwriter
Children  Melanie Lee Rose
David Rose (songwriter) wwwlatimescomincludesprojectshollywoodportra
Born  June 15, 1910 London, England (1910-06-15)
Occupation(s)  Songwriter, composer, arranger, and orchestra leader
Died  August 23, 1990, Burbank, California, United States
Spouse  Betty Bartholomew (m. 1948–1990), Judy Garland (m. 1941–1944), Martha Raye (m. 1938–1941)
Albums  Secret Songs For Lovers, David Rose Plays David Rose
Similar People  Judy Garland, Andre Previn, Vincente Minnelli, Robert Farnon, Martha Raye

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David Rose (June 15, 1910 – August 23, 1990) was an American songwriter, composer, arranger, pianist, and orchestra leader. His most famous compositions were "The Stripper", "Holiday for Strings", and "Calypso Melody". He also wrote music for many television series, including It's a Great Life, The Tony Martin Show, Little House on the Prairie, Highway to Heaven, Bonanza, and Highway Patrol under the pseudonym "Ray Llewellyn." Rose's work in composing music for television programs earned him four Emmys. In addition, he was musical director for The Red Skelton Show during its 21-year run on the CBS and NBC networks. He was a member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the national fraternity for men in music.

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Career

Recipient of four Emmy awards, Rose was born in London, to Jewish parents, and raised in Chicago, Illinois. The family name was originally Rosenberg. Rose's career in music began when he worked with Ted Fio Rito's band when he was sixteen. Rose also worked as a standby pianist for NBC Radio. It was here, in the early 1930s, that he first gained a reputation, while arranging for the Frank Trumbauer orchestra and later leading a house band at station WGN. He composed several early swing originals such as "Break It Down" with Frankie Trumbauer, "Transcontinental," "Plantation Moods," and a piece recorded under three different titles: "I've Got It", "Itchola", and "Jigsaw Rhythm," his original version with the WGN band including Louis Prima.

Radio

Rose was asked to come to Hollywood, where he formed his orchestra, doing a twice-weekly radio show for Mutual Broadcasting System called California Melodies, where he wrote all the broadcast arrangements. He worked his way up to becoming music director of the Mutual network. Rose's first try at composing was his hit song "Holiday for Strings". During World War II, Rose entered the Army and it was here where he met Red Skelton. Skelton asked Rose to become the conductor for his Raleigh Cigarettes Program. Rose joined the cast in 1948 and went on to work with Skelton on his television show for over 20 years.

In 1942, Rose and his orchestra provided the music for Tune Up, America! on Mutual. The program provided "recognition of the efforts of women engaged in war work."

Recording

In 1955 Rose was commissioned by MGM Studios to compose the score for their forthcoming science fiction project Forbidden Planet. The music was completed and recorded and (based on the surviving track) it combined traditional instrumentation with some electronic elements. However Rose was discharged from the project at the end of 1955 after the producers heard the electronic music of Louis and Bebe Barron and hired them to provide the now-famous all-electronic soundtrack. A 7" single of Rose's unused theme from the film (backed by Bronislaw Kaper's theme for the MGM film The Swan) was released during 1956 on MGM Records, on which it was credited as being "inspired" by the film. Rose reportedly later destroyed all the original session recordings of his Forbidden Planet music.

In 1957 his rendition of Larry Clinton's "Calypso Melody" became Rose's second million selling record, and was awarded a gold disc.

"The Stripper" was composed by Rose and recorded in 1958. It was originally used as the B-side to his single, "Ebb Tide". The choice of the record's B-side was not by Rose, but by an MGM office boy. MGM indicated they wanted to put the record on the market quickly. A B-side was needed and with Rose away, the office boy went through some of Rose's tapes searching for one. "The Stripper" featured especially prominent trombone lines, giving the tune its lascivious signature, and evokes the feel of music used to accompany burlesque striptease artists. The piece features in the films Slap Shot, The Full Monty and Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit as well as TV series Little Britain and Scrubs. It was also famously used in a parody by British comedy duo Morecambe and Wise, where they danced to the tune while making breakfast.

"Holiday for Strings" became well known as the theme for Red Skelton's programs. A parody version, retitled "Holiday for States", was recorded as a vocal by Allan Sherman, with the straight melody but with ersatz lyrics consisting solely of the names of the American states. In Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In, Jo Anne Worley "laughed" the melody of the song, imitating the Spike Jones version. On his album Leon Live, Leon Russell plays a strain from the song in the middle of a performance of his own song, "Shootout on the Plantation." The fast-paced song was featured in a shopping scene in the Bridget Fonda-Nicolas Cage film "It Could Happen To You".

Personal life

Rose was married on October 8, 1938, to the actress Martha Raye. They were divorced on May 19, 1941. Rose was married for a second time, on July 28, 1941, to the actress and singer Judy Garland. They had no children, though Garland, according to biographer Gerald Clarke, underwent at least one abortion during the marriage, at the insistence of her mother, her husband, and the studio that employed her, MGM. Garland and Rose divorced in 1944.

He had two daughters with his third wife, Betty Bartholomew. His granddaughter is singer-songwriter Samantha James.

Rose was a live steam hobbyist, with his own backyard railroad.

Death

Rose died in Burbank, California at the age of 80 of a heart attack. He was buried in Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery in Hollywood Hills, California.

Films

  • The Princess and the Pirate (1944)
  • The Underworld Story (1950)
  • Young Man with Ideas (1952)
  • The Clown (1953)
  • Confidentially Connie (1953)
  • Bright Road (1953)
  • Public Pigeon No. 1 (1957)
  • Operation Petticoat (1959)
  • This Rebel Breed (1960)
  • Please Don't Eat the Daisies (1960)
  • Quick Before It Melts (1964)
  • Never Too Late (1965)
  • Hombre (1967)
  • The Birdmen (1971)
  • Sam's Son (1984)
  • Television

  • The Red Skelton Show
  • Bonanza (1971 Emmy)
  • Dundee and the Culhane
  • The High Chaparral
  • Little House on the Prairie (1979 and 1982 Emmys)
  • Father Murphy
  • Highway to Heaven
  • Highway Patrol
  • Sea Hunt
  • Broadway

  • Winged Victory
  • Singles

  • "Holiday For Strings" (US #2, 1944)
  • "Poinciana (Song of the Tree)" (US #11, 1944)
  • "Calypso Melody" (US #42, 1957)
  • "Swinging Shepherd Blues" (US #50, 1958)
  • "The Stripper" (US #1, 1962)
  • Albums

  • Like Blue (with Andre Previn) - MGM Records 1960
  • References

    David Rose (songwriter) Wikipedia


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