DirectorHubert Sauper Initial DVD releaseMarch 10, 2006 (Italy) Duration
Russian Release date1 September 2004
(Venice Film Festival) Initial releaseJanuary 21, 2005 (Austria) CastElizabeth 'Eliza' Maganga Nsese (Herself - Pilots' girlfriend, singer), Raphael Tukiko Wagara (Himself - Night guard), Dimond Remtulia (Himself - Fish factory owner), Marcus Nyoni (Himself - Airport police officer) Similar moviesGenesis, Your Inner Fish, First Life, Wonders of Life, Rise of Animals: Triumph of the Vertebrates, Kingdom of Plants 3D
Darwin s nightmare trailer
Darwin's Nightmare is a 2004 Austrian-French-Belgian documentary film written and directed by Hubert Sauper, dealing with the environmental and social effects of the fishing industry around Lake Victoria in Tanzania. It premiered at the 2004 Venice Film Festival, and was nominated for the 2006 Academy Award for Documentary Feature at the 78th Academy Awards. The Boston Globe called it "the year's best documentary about the animal world."
The film opens with a Soviet-made Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane landing on Mwanza airfield in Mwanza, Tanzania, near Lake Victoria. The plane came from Europe to ship back processed fillets of Nile Perch, a species of fish introduced into Lake Victoria that has caused the extinction of hundreds of endemic species.
Through interviews with the Russian and Ukrainian plane crew, local factory owners, guards, prostitutes, fishermen and other villagers, the film discusses the effects of the introduction of the Nile perch to Lake Victoria, how it has affected the ecosystem and economy of the region. The film also dwells at length on the dichotomy between European aid which is being funneled into Africa on the one hand, and the unending flow of munitions and weapons from European arms dealers on the other. Arms and munitions are often flown in on the same planes which transport the Nile perch fillets to European consumers, feeding the very conflicts which the aid was sent to remedy. As Dima, the radio engineer of the plane crew, says later on in the film: the children of Angola receive guns for Christmas, the children of Europe receive grapes. The appalling living and working conditions of the indigenous people, in which basic sanitation is completely absent and many children turn to drugs and prostitution, is covered in great depth; because the Nile perch is fished and processed for export, all the prime fillets are sold to European supermarkets, leaving the local people to survive on the festering carcasses of the gutted fish. As to why the local fish can't be sold to the domestic market to counter the impending famine (local news reports relayed in the film indicated Northern and Central Tanzania were facing famine), one fish processing factory manager says "it is too expensive".
2004 Entrevues Film Festival (Entre vues), Audience Award
2004 European Film Award for Best Documentary
2004 Vienna International Film Festival, Vienna Film Award
2005 Thessaloniki Documentary Festival, Audience Award
2005 Angers European First Film Festival, European Jury Award
2005 Mexico City International Contemporary Film Festival, Audience Award
2005 Sydney Film Festival, FIPRESCI Prize
2005 Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival, Special Jury Prize and Community Cinema Award
2006 César Award for Best First Feature Film
2006 Academy Awards Best Documentary Feature nominee