Harman Patil

Crimean Tatar alphabet

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Crimean Tatar alphabet

For modern Crimean Tatar language Latin and Cyrillic alphabets are used. Latin script dominates in Internet and Cyrillic in printed production. Historically Arabic script was also used.



Crimean Tatars used Arabic script from 16th century to 1928 when it was replaced with Latin alphabet based on Yañalif. Crimean variant contained couple of modified Arabic letters.

1 — Letter (kef) was often used in place of and .

First Latin

In 1928 during Latinisation in USSR Crimean Tatar Arabic alphabet was replaced by Latin alphabet based on Yañalif. This alphabet contained number of differences from modern variant. In particular letters Ь ь, Ƣ ƣ, N̡ ᶇ, Ɵ ɵ, X x, Ƶ ƶ, I i instead of modern  â, Ğ ğ, I ı, İ i, Ñ ñ, Ö ö, and Ü ü.


Modern Latin alphabet for Crimean Tatar was introduced in 1990s. It is based on Turkish alphabet with three special letters — Q, Ñ, Â. Its official use in Crimea was accepted in 1997 by Crimean Parliament.

Ââ is not recognized as separate letter. It is used to show softness of a consonant followed by Aa.


Cyrillic for Crimean Tatar was introduced in 1938 as part of Cyrillization of languages in Soviet Union. It is based on Russian alphabet with no special letters. From 1938 to 1990s that was the only alphabet used for Crimean Tatar.

Гъ (ğ), къ (q), нъ (ñ) and дж (c) are separate letters of the alphabet (digraphs).


Crimean Tatar alphabet Wikipedia

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