Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Cresskill, New Jersey

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Covid-19
Country  United States
County  Bergen
Elevation  46 ft (14 m)
Zip code  07626
Local time  Friday 9:12 AM
State  New Jersey
Incorporated  May 8, 1894
Area  5.371 km²
Population  8,710 (2013)
Cresskill, New Jersey
Area rank  407th of 566 in state 48th of 70 in county
Weather  1°C, Wind W at 23 km/h, 43% Humidity

Cresskill is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 8,573, reflecting an increase of 827 (+10.7%) from the 7,746 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 188 (+2.5%) from the 7,558 counted in the 1990 Census. This town got its name from "Cress", referring to the watercress which grew in its streams, and "Kill", referring to the stream passing through.

Contents

Map of Cresskill, NJ 07626, USA

History

Cresskill was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on May 8, 1894, from portions of Palisades Township. The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone. A portion of the borough was annexed by Alpine in 1904.

Railroads provided access from Cresskill to customers in New York City, including a chicken hatchery that was the world's largest by 1897. Railroad access helped make Cresskill the home of Camp Merritt, the major debarkation point for more than a million American troops being sent abroad to fight in World War I. To commemorate the fact, a large obelisk memorial (referred to by locals as "The Monument"), or "The Circle Monument" was dedicated in 1924, set in the middle of the Camp Merritt Memorial Circle at the intersection of Madison Avenue and Knickerbocker Road (CR 505).

Historic sites

Sites in the borough listed on the National Register of Historic Places include:

  • Blackledge-Gair House (at 111 Madison Avenue; added January 9, 1983)
  • Demarest-Atwood House (at 84 Jefferson Avenue; added July 24, 1984)
  • Peter Huyler House (50 County Road; added January 9, 1983)
  • Benjamin P. Westervelt House (at 235 County Road; added January 9, 1983)
  • Geography

    According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.074 square miles (5.371 km2), including 2.064 square miles (5.345 km2) of land and 0.010 square miles (0.027 km2) of water (0.50%).

    The borough borders Alpine, Bergenfield, Demarest, Dumont and Tenafly.

    2010 Census

    The 2010 United States Census counted 8,573 people, 3,002 households, and 2,318 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,154.5 per square mile (1,604.1/km2). The borough contained 3,114 housing units at an average density of 1,509.0 per square mile (582.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 68.95% (5,911) White, 0.73% (63) Black or African American, 0.03% (3) Native American, 27.64% (2,370) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.07% (92) from other races, and 1.55% (133) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.26% (537) of the population. Korean Americans accounted for 17.8% of the population.

    Out of a total of 3,002 households, 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.32. Same-sex couples headed 7 households in 2010, an increase from the 5 counted in 2000.

    In the borough, 26.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.7 years. For every 100 females the census counted 88.6 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 85.7 males.

    The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $105,625 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,945) and the median family income was $128,382 (+/- $16,732). Males had a median income of $95,795 (+/- $24,665) versus $72,188 (+/- $16,155) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $56,485 (+/- $6,202). About 2.4% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

    2000 Census

    As of the 2000 United States Census there were 7,746 people, 2,630 households, and 2,161 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,625.9 people per square mile (1,397.5/km2). There were 2,702 housing units at an average density of 1,264.8 per square mile (487.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 78.05% White, 0.92% African American, 0.04% Native American, 18.64% Asian, 0.65% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.99% of the population.

    There were 2,630 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.26.

    In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 26.3% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

    The median income for a household in the borough was $84,692, and the median income for a family was $96,245. Males had a median income of $61,194 versus $38,990 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,573. About 1.7% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

    Local government

    Cresskill is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governning body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Cresskill, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.

    As of 2016, the Mayor of the Borough of Cresskill is Republican Benedict Romeo, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Cresskill Borough Council are James Cleary (R, 2017), Gregory K. Mueller (R, 2018), Hector Olmo (R, 2017), Kathleen Savas (D, 2018), Mark Spina (I, 2016) and Simone Tsigounis (R, 2016).

    Federal, state and county representation

    Cresskill is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 37th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Cresskill had been in the 39th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Cresskill had been part of the 5th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.

    New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).

    For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).

    Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2015, the County Executive is James J. Tedesco III (D, Paramus; term ends December 31, 2018). The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January. Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2017; Fort Lee), Vice Chairman Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington) Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge), David L. Ganz (D, 2017; Fair Lawn), Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes) Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, 2015; serving the unexpired term of office that had been occupied by James Tedesco before he was sworn in as County Executive) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes). Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale), Sheriff Michael Saudino (R) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill).

    Politics

    As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,904 registered voters in Cresskill, of which 1,263 (25.8% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,234 (25.2% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 2,403 (49.0% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 57.2% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 78.1% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).

    In the 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 2,086 votes (52.8% vs. 54.2% countywide), ahead of Republican Donald Trump with 1,689 votes (42.7% vs. 41.1% countywide) and other candidates with 127 votes (3.2% vs 3.0% countywide), among the 3,953 ballots cast by the borough's 5,467 registered voters for a turnout of 72.3% (vs. 73% in Bergen County). In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,805 votes (49.7% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,777 votes (48.9% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 22 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,634 ballots cast by the borough's 5,163 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.4% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,989 votes (50.4% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,913 votes (48.5% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 23 votes (0.6% vs. 0.8%), among the 3,944 ballots cast by the borough's 5,074 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.7% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,886 votes (50.5% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,813 votes (48.5% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 27 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 3,738 ballots cast by the borough's 4,748 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.7% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).

    In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.3% of the vote (1,412 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 34.9% (766 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (19 votes), among the 2,259 ballots cast by the borough's 4,949 registered voters (62 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 45.6%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,213 votes (49.5% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,106 votes (45.2% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 99 votes (4.0% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 8 votes (0.3% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,449 ballots cast by the borough's 4,975 registered voters, yielding a 49.2% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).

    Education

    The Cresskill Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,744 students and 131.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.26:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Edward H. Bryan School with 480 students grades PreK-5, Merritt Memorial School with 288 students in grades PreK-5, Cresskill Middle School with 415 in grades 6-8 and Cresskill High School with 561 students in grades 9-12.

    Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.

    The Academy of Saint Therese of Lisieux, which opened in 1957, has 225 students in preschool through eighth grade and operates under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.

    Roads and highways

    As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 37.02 miles (59.58 km) of roadways, of which 33.65 miles (54.15 km) were maintained by the municipality and 3.37 miles (5.42 km) by Bergen County.

    County Route 505 and County Route 501 travel through Cresskill.

    Public transportation

    The NJ Transit 166 bus route provides service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and local service is available on the 753 route.

    Bus service to Rockland County and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in NYC is also provided by Rockland Coaches routes 14 and 20/20T.

    Saddle River Tours / Ameribus provides rush hour service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station on the 20/84 route.

    Notable people

    People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Cresskill include:

  • Roger Ailes (born 1940), television executive who was the Chairman and CEO of Fox News and Fox Television Stations.
  • Joe Azelby (born 1962), professional football player who played for the Buffalo Bills, businessman and author.
  • Mary J. Blige (born 1971), R&B singer.
  • David Broza (born 1955), Israeli singer-songwriter.
  • Rick Cerone (born 1954), former catcher for the New York Yankees.
  • Lynn Chen (born 1976), actress, who has appeared on All My Children.
  • Stephen Dadaian (born 1987), electric and classical guitarist.
  • Johnny Damon (born 1973), former left fielder for the New York Yankees.
  • Halim El-Dabh (born 1921), Egyptian-born composer who made Cresskill his home in the early 1960s.
  • Brian Hamburger, attorney, entrepreneur and author.
  • Michael Kempner (born 1958), founder, President, and CEO of the public relations firm MWW.
  • Betsy Markey (born 1956), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Colorado.
  • Harold Martin (1918-2010), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
  • Reuben (1912-1994) and Rose (1916-2006) Mattus, entrepreneurs and philanthropists who founded the Häagen-Dazs ice cream business.
  • Pierre McGuire (born 1961), ice hockey analyst and former NHL coach and scout.
  • Robert Bruce Merrifield (1921–2006), biochemist and winner of 1984 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • Sherrill Milnes (born 1935), operatic baritone.
  • Tracy Morgan (born 1968), actor and comedian best known for his eight seasons as a cast member on Saturday Night Live and for his role as Tracy Jordan on the TV series 30 Rock.
  • Nicholas Oresko (1917-2013), United States Army veteran who was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions on January 23, 1945, during World War II.
  • Mike Piazza (born 1968), former catcher for the New York Mets.
  • Tom Rinaldi, reporter for ESPN and ABC
  • Richard H. Tedford (c. 1928-2011), paleontologist.
  • Gary Wright (born 1943), singer best known for his song "Dream Weaver".
  • Robert Zoellner (1932-2014), investor and stamp collector who was the second person to have assembled a complete collection of United States postage stamps.
  • References

    Cresskill, New Jersey Wikipedia


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