Samiksha Jaiswal

Ciudad Victoria

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Country  Mexico
Foundation  October 6, 1750
Time zone  CST (UTC−6)
Population  278,455 (2007)
State  Tamaulipas
Elevation  316 m (1,040 ft ft)
Area  188 km²
Ciudad Victoria airlinesairportscomwpcontentuploads201609M
Website  http://www.ciudadvictoria.gob.mx
Weather  19°C, Wind S at 0 km/h, 83% Humidity
Colleges and Universities  Autonomous University of Tamaul, Instituto Tecnológico de Ciuda, Universidad La Salle Victoria

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Ciudad Victoria ([sjuˈðad bikˈtoɾja]), is the capital city of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. It is located in the western-central region of the state. Ciudad Victoria is also the municipal seat of the surrounding Victoria Municipality, which covers an area of 1,638 km² (632.4 sq mi). According to the 2010 INEGI population count, the city had 305,155 inhabitants, and the Victoria Municipality had a population of 321,953. The city and the municipality both rank fourth in population size in the state, behind Reynosa, Matamoros, and Nuevo Laredo.

Contents

Map of Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico

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History

Ciudad Victoria was founded on October 6, 1750 with the name Villa de Santa María de Aguayo by José de Escandón y Helguera. On April 20, 1825, the town was elevated to the status of city, and was given its current name in honor of the first president of Mexico, Guadalupe Victoria. Toward the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the city began undergoing a number of modernizing changes. In 1890, a railroad was completed that passed through Ciudad Victoria on its route between Monterrey and Tampico. Several major highways were also completed during the 20th century.

Several monuments and structures were built during the 19th and early 20th century, including a bronze statue of Benito Juárez on July 18, 1897, the Juárez Theater in 1899, and on September 15, 1910, a monument to the heroes of the independence of Mexico. In 1896, the first children's garden/playground (kindergarten) in Latin America was established in the city by Estefanía Castañeda Núñez de Cáceres.

Air travel

The city is served by General Pedro J. Méndez International Airport, located 18 kilometers (11 mi) from the city center.

Education

List of universities in Ciudad Victoria:

  • Universidad Miguel Aleman Campus Victoría, (Founded in Miguel Aleman Tamaulipas and Roma, Texas, since 1981)
  • The Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, founded in 1950.
  • Universidad La Salle.
  • Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Victoria
  • Instituto de Ciencias y Estudios Superiores de Tamaulipas
  • Universidad Valle de México
  • Universidad Politecnica de Victoria
  • Universidad Vizcaya de las Américas
  • Centro de Estudios Universitarios
  • Universidad Pedagógica Nacional
  • Escuela Libre de Derecho
  • Escuelas normales
  • Notable residents

  • Arleth Terán, actress
  • Emilio Portes Gil (1928–1930), president of Mexico
  • Ismael Valdéz (born 1973), baseball player
  • José Sulaiman, boxing promoter
  • Oscar Mascorro (born 1980), soccer player
  • Rocio Colette Acuña Calzada, singer that starred in La Academia
  • Salomon Solano, NFL player
  • Rosemary Barkett, judge on the United States Court of Appeals and first female justice (and female Head Justice) on the Florida Supreme Court (born 1939)
  • Carlos 'Gullit' Peña, soccer player
  • Alan Pulido, soccer player
  • Gloria Trevi, singer, songwriter, actress and presenter; born in the state of Nuevo León, Mexico, but lived during her childhood in this city
  • Dr. Emilio Martínez Manaoutou, medic and politic
  • Dr. Carlos Delgado Maldonado, medic, inventor and writer
  • Dr. Ramón Durón Ruiz, lawyer, professor and writer, always called "El filósofo de Güemez"
  • Geography

    Victoria is located 316 metres (1,037 ft) above sea level and at coordinates 23°44′N 99°8′W just north of the Tropic of Cancer. The city is in a valley between two mountain ranges: the Sierra Madre Oriental to the west and the Sierra de Tamaulipas to the east.

    Climate

    Victoria has short mild winters and long hot summers. Temperatures rarely drop below 0 °C (32 °F) — the lowest recorded temperature was −6 °C (21 °F) and the hottest was 48.5 °C (119.3 °F), one of the highest temperatures ever recorded in Mexico. The average annual precipitation is 700 millimeters (28 in). Half of this amount falls between May and September, although there is a drying trend in July. Its Köppen climate classification is Cwa or humid subtropical, its moderate elevation adds to overall precipitation pattern. Exceptionally heavy rains brought by occasional North Atlantic tropical cyclones also influence the overall climate and precipitation amounts.

    References

    Ciudad Victoria Wikipedia


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