Around 200–300 years ago, Chikodi was called as Chik-kodi (small village) where as the nearby Hirekudi (big village) was bigger than Chikodi. Overtime, Chikodi experienced growth due to its famous betel leaves and came to lie on a major road.
Chikodi is located at 16.43°N 74.6°E / 16.43; 74.6. It has an average elevation of 683 meters (2240 feet). The town has an area of 18.29 km2. and is situated amidst hills, temperature varies from a maximum of 35⁰ C to a minimum of 18⁰ C, maximum average rainfall annually is 826.64 mm.
As of 2011 India census, Chikodi had a population of 38,307. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 79% and female literacy of 66%.
Chikodi, mostly dependent on agriculture. Sugarcane occupies an important place in the economy of Chikodi which has three sugar factories, Dudhaganga Krishna Sugar Factory, Nanadi which is the nearest, Venkateshwara Power Project Ltd. Bedkihal, and Om Sugars Ltd. Jainapur among others. Tobacco farming is another major agricultural sector. Major production of tobacco comes from Galatga, Shiragaonwadi, Khadaklat villages. Nowadays trend of Sericulture is picking up.Chandrakori Ganesh Temple - near bus stand on top of hill is very famous temple of lord Ganesha.
There is one more temple known as Parati Nagalingeswara (Parati Nagappa) temple, located about 2.5 km away from the bus stand.
Yadur - Shree Veerbhardra temple is situated in the holy Shri Kseshtra Yadur,on the banks of river Krishna is located about 20 km from Chikodi
Karoshi - Shree Basavanna temple is situated in the holy place of Karoshi, is located about 7 km from Chikodi. It is having a famous Darga, also this indicates the communal harmony it has. This place is agriculturally sound.
Shantigiri Jain Temple - It is about 10 km from Chikodi. This village can be considered as one of the highlighted centers of Jain history, Where the shri shantigiri Tirth is situated.
Chinchani - Having Allamprabhu Sidd Sansthan Math, Shri Basaveshwar temple (Gudadagind basavan) located near 5 km from Chikodi.
Toranahalli- Famous for Bhagavan Hanuman temple is present in this village near 10 km from Chikodi.
Shiragaon - Famous for Basaveshwara temple is there & it is near 11 km from Chikodi.
Gokak Falls (Near Gokak) & Narsobawadi (Maharashtra) are also near to the city.
Hidkal Dam - near to city.
Basavanal Gadde- Lakkavva Temple in Laxmi Nagar is one of the oldest temples in around the town.
Basavanal Gadde- Hanuman Temple in Hanuman Nagar is very famous in the region
Chikodi is considered as an education hub in Belagavi district for its educational institutions and facilities. Some of them are:CLE Society's M.K. Kavatagimath Kannada & English Medium Primary and High School
GSES's English Medium Primary and High School
CTE Society's R.D. Kannada & Marathi Medium Primary and High School
CTE Society's R.M. Kannada & Marathi Medium Primary and High School for Girls
CTE Society's English Medium School (CBSE)
St. Francis of Assisi School (ICSE)
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Kuppanwadi, Chikodi taluka
Sri Murughendra Residential School,Kuppanawadi, Kothali (Post) Chikodi
Chikodi also has Government primary schools for boys and girls in Kannada, Marathi and Urdu Medium
CTE Society's R.D Composite PU college of Arts,Commerce & Science
KLE's PU college of Arts,Commerce & Science
Chauson Education Society's Chauson PU College of Arts ,Commerce & Science
KLE'S B.K College of Arts,Commerce & Science (BA,Bcom,Bsc & M.com)
KLE Independent Pre-University Science College
CTE Society's Smt. A A Patil College of Arts & Commerce (BA,B.com) for Women
CTE Society's College of Physical Education (BP.Ed)
CTE Society's R D Job Oriented Course (JOC) College
CTE Society's R D College of Education (B.Ed, D.Ed)
CLE'S college of Education (B.Ed, D.Ed)
APTECH Computer Education Institute running since 1995.
Chauson College of Education (B.Ed, D.Ed)
Chikodi also has two Industrial Training Institute (ITI) Colleges
Government First Grade College, Chikodi
Adarsha PARA MEDICAL Institute
J.R.D Bhate PARA MEDICAL Institute
KLE's Colleges of BBA, BCA and BBM
KLE's Law College
KLE's C.B Kore College of Polytechnic
KLE's College of Engineering and Technology
Bachpan Play School
Smartkidz Play School - Play Group, Nursery, Smart Jr.(LKG), Smart Sr. (UKG), Chikodi
Kendriya Vidyalaya, Chikodi
Government Tool Room & Training Centre (GTTC)..
There is also a proposal to start Sub-regional Science Centre and Automated driving test track in Chikodi..
Belgaum district is the largest district in the karnataka so bifurcation of district is must. Bifurcation of Belgaum district, which includes a total of 14 taluka's, has been a long pending issue. Karnataka Govt. has already provided the District level offices to Chikodi which would help in the development of neighbouring talukas of Chikodi, Hukkeri, Athani, Raybag, Nipani, and Kagawad. But as of now no decision has been made regarding bifurcation of Belgaum district and also not declared Chikodi as a separate district status by Karnataka Govt.
List of District Level Offices in Chikodi:-
1. Revenue Subdivision Office - 5 taluks
2. Regional Transport Office (RTO)[KA-23] - 6 taluks
3. Chikodi Loksabha Constituency - 8 MLA's
4. NWKRTC Divisional Office - 6 bus depots
5. Chikodi Postal Division - 5 taluks
6. District Health & Family Welfare Office - 8 taluks
7. Educational District (DDPI) Office - 8 BEO offices
8. District Irrigation Office - 6 taluks
9. Police Department (DCP/DYSP) Subdivision - 10 police stations
10. Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL) - 5 taluks
11. Karnataka Public Works Department (PWD) - 8 taluks
12. Zilla Panchayat Executive Engineer Office - 8 taluks
13. Judicial District - 8 taluks
14. Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services Department - 8 taluks
15. Deputy Director of Pre University(DDPU) Office - 5 taluks
16. Executive Engineer of the Rural Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Department - 7 taluks
The attempts of the Government declaring Additional Superintendent of Police (SP) post for Chikodi..
Majority of public transport in Chikodi connecting surrounding villages and towns is through city buses run by North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation (NWKRTC) from Chikodi bus depot. Auto rickshaws are commonly available for commuting inside the city.
Chikodi is well connected by road by major State Highways which connect to National Highway 4. The State Highways passing through Chikodi are: SH 18 (Mudhol to Nipani), SH 12 (Vijayapur to Sankeshwar) and SH 78 (Ichalakaranji to Hattargi).
State Highway 12 has been declared as the National Highway which goes from Sankeshwar to Vijayapur via Gotur-Chikodi-Kagawad-Athani-Tikota.
NWKRTC runs buses from Chikodi to all corners of Karnataka as well as neighboring states. Rajahamsa and A/C Sleeper coach services to Bangalore daily.
There are many prominent private bus services like VRL, SRS, Manish, Shyamala and SEABIRD Travels from Chikodi to Bangalore daily night. Ganesh and Sugama Tourist which operates daily night from Chikodi to Kundapur, Udupi, Moodabidre and Mangalore.
The closest railway station is Chikodi Road Station located at a distance of about 20 km (near Kabbur). This station falls under South Western Railway Zone.
The closest airports are Belgaum Airport and Kolhapur Airport located at a distance of about 70 km and 60 km respectively. And nearest international airport is Dabolin International Airport, Goa which located at the distance of 193 km.