| Xiangnan University|| Hunan|
Peoples Republic of China
Chenzhou (Chinese: 郴州; pinyin: Chēnzhōu) is a city located in the south of Hunan province, People's Republic of China. Its administrative area covers 19,317 square kilometres (7,458 sq mi), 9.2% of the provincial area, and its total population reached 4,559,600 in 2001, 26% of them living in urban areas, 74% of them live in rural areas.
In 1928, according to the biography of Mao Zedong by Jung Chang and John Halliday, Chenzhou, along with neighboring Leiyang was razed by troops under the command of Zhu De, who was following directives which originated in Moscow and passed on by higher officials of the Chinese Communist Party. The strategy was to leave large numbers of peasants with no option but to join communist uprisings.
Chenzhou was the site of a large investigation when its municipal government and party committee, led by Secretary Li Dalun, was charged on multiple counts of corruption in June 2006.
Chenzhou is situated at the juncture of Hunan and Guangdong provinces at the foot of Qitianling Hill of the Nanling Mountain Range. Places of interest, natural scenic spots, ancient relics and buildings make for over 100 tourism spots in the city. The major ones are the Suxian Hill, the Wanhuayan, the Dongjiang Lake, and the Wugai Mountain Hunting Field.
Chenzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with four distinct seasons. Spring is subject to heavy rainfall, while the summers are long, hot, and humid with lesser rainfall, and autumn is comfortable and rather dry. Winter is rather brief, but cold snaps occur with temperatures occasionally dropping below freezing, and while not heavy, rain can be frequent.Beihu District (北湖区), 815 km2 (315 sq mi). Population: 300,000 (2003).
Suxian District (苏仙区), 1,342 km2 (518 sq mi). Population: 249,900
Zixing City (资兴市) 2,716 km2 (1,049 sq mi). Population: 360,000
Guiyang County (桂阳县), 2,954 km2 (1,141 sq mi). Population: 790,000
Yongxing County (永兴县), 1,979 km2 (764 sq mi). Population： 630,000
Yizhang County (宜章县), 2,086 km2 (805 sq mi). Population: 560,000
Jiahe County (嘉禾县), 696 km2 (269 sq mi). Population: 340,000
Linwu County (临武县), 1,375 km2 (531 sq mi). Population: 310,000
Rucheng County (汝城县), 2,424 km2 (936 sq mi). Population: 360,000
Guidong County (桂东县), 1,453 km2 (561 sq mi). Population: 170,000
Anren County (安仁县), 1,461 km2 (564 sq mi). Population: 390,000
Major deposits of tungsten, bismuth and molybdenum make Chenzhou a production base for non-ferrous metals.
The areas of interest in this region include:万华岩(underground cave, translated to Magnificent rocks) 五盖山, Wugai Mountain Hunting Field, 苏仙岭, Suxian Hill and 东江湖, Dongjiang Lake.
苏仙岭, Suxian Hill It is located about 1.5 km (0.93 mi) east of Chenzhou, covering 15 square km. Beautiful peaks and dense forests give the place the reputation of being "the 18th blessed land in China".
五盖山, Wugai Mountain Hunting Field Situated 30 km (19 mi) away from Chenzhou it has over 8,000 hectares of land and can offer for hunters many kinds of animals which are permitted to be hunted. Hotels and campsites are available. It is the only hunting field in southern China.
东江湖, Dongjiang Lake Located in Zixing, it covers an area of 160 square km and can contain 8.12 billion cubic meters of water, equaling half of the Dongting Lake. Dongjiang Lake is wide and misty, dotted with islets and docks. Around it mountains rise and fall and embrace new small villages, forming a unique picture of mountains and water.