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Charulata

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Director  Satyajit Ray
Release date  April 17, 1964 (India)
Story by  Rabindranath Tagore
Country  India
8.2/10 IMDb

Genre  Drama, Romance
Screenplay  Satyajit Ray
Duration  
Charulata movie poster
Language  Bengali with some English
Release date  17 April 1964 (1964-04-17)
Based on  Nastanirh  by Rabindranath Tagore
Writer  Rabindranath Tagore (from the story "Nastaneer"), Satyajit Ray (scenario), Satyajit Ray (screenplay)
Cast  Soumitra Chatterjee (Amal), Madhabi Mukherjee (Charulata), Shailen Mukherjee (Bhupati Dutta)
Similar movies  Related Satyajit Ray movies

Charulata (Bengali: চারুলতা Cārulatā; in English also known as The Lonely Wife) is a 1964 Indian Bengali drama film written and directed by Satyajit Ray based upon the novella Nastanirh ("The Broken Nest") by Rabindranath Tagore. It features Soumitra Chatterjee, Madhabi Mukherjee and Sailen Mukherjee.

Contents

Charulata movie scenes

Satyjit ray charulata 1964


Plot

Charulata Charulata The Intimacies of a Broken Nest Senses of Cinema

Charulata is based on a story by Rabindranath Tagore, Nastanirh (The broken Nest) and set in Calcutta in the late nineteenth century. Bengal Renaissance is at its peak and India is under the British rule. The film revolves around Charulata / Charu (Madhabi Mukherjee), the childless, intelligent and beautiful wife of Bhupati (Sailen Mukherjee). He edits and publishes a political newspaper. Bhupati is an upper class Bengali intellectual with a keen interest in politics and the freedom movement.

Charulata Charulata 1964 The Criterion Collection

Charu is interested in the arts, literature and poetry. Though Bhupati loves his wife, he has no time for her. She has little to do in the house run by a fleet of servants. Sensing her boredom, Bhupati invites Charu's elder brother Umapada and wife Manda to live with them. Umapada helps in running of the magazine and the printing press. Manda with her silly and crude ways is no company for the sensitive and intelligent Charulata.

Charulata Charulata Film Review Slant Magazine

Amal (Soumitra Chatterjee), Bhupati's younger cousin comes on a visit. Bhupati asks him to encourage Charu's cultural interests. Amal is young, handsome and is of the same age group as Charu. He has literary ambitions and shares her interests in poetry. He provides her with much needed intellectual companionship and attention. An intimate relationship develops between Charulata and Amal. There is a hint of rivalry when she publishes a short story on her own without his knowledge. He realizes that Charulata is in love with him but is reluctant to reciprocate due to the guilt involved.

Charulata Satyajit Rays Charulata 50 years old and still a charmer

Meanwhile, Charu's brother and sister-in-law who were guests in the house swindle Bhupati of his money and run away. It destroys Bhupati's newspaper and the press. The episode shatters Bhupati who admits his hurt to Amal. He tells Amal that now Amal is the only one he can trust.

Charulata Charulata full movie 1964 YouTube

Amal is overcome with guilt of betraying his cousin. He is also uncomfortable with Charu's higher intellect that he has helped nurture. He leaves unannounced, to marry and go away to England for higher studies. He leaves behind a letter to Charu.

Charulata Charulata Wikipedia

Charu is heartbroken but hides her disappointment. Bhupati accidentally enters her room and finds her crying over Amal. Bhupati realizes Charu's feelings for Amal. He is broken, shocked and bewildered by it.

He rushes out of the house, wanders aimlessly in his carriage. On his return, Charu and Bhupati make a hesitant gesture to reach out, but their extended hands remain frozen in a tentative gesture.

Cast

  • Soumitra Chatterjee - Amal
  • Madhabi Mukherjee - Charulata
  • Shailen Mukherjee - Bhupati Dutta
  • Shyamal Ghoshal - Umapada
  • Gitali Roy - Manda
  • Bholanath Koyal - Braja
  • Suku Mukherjee - Nishikanta
  • Dilip Bose - Shashanka
  • Joydeb - Nilotpal Dey
  • Bankim Ghosh - Jagannath
  • Production

    Charulata is based on the 1901 novella Nastanirh (The Broken Nest) by Bengali author Rabindranath Tagore. Ray later said that he liked the novella because "it has a western quality to it and the film obviously shares that quality. That's why I can speak of Mozart in connection with Charulata quite validly." Ray decided to set the film in the 1880s instead of in 1901 and spent many months researching the historical background. For the first time in his career he worked without a deadline both during pre-production and during the shooting. Ray worked closely with art director Bansi Chandragupta and no interior scene was shot on location. All sets were either built or remodeled to accurately portray India in the 1880s. Ray cast Indian actress Madhabi Mukherjee in the role of Charulata, but had difficulty with her owing to her addiction to chewing paan, which stained her teeth black. Because of this Ray had to be careful about what camera angles he used to film her. Ray once called Charulata his favourite of his own films.

    Reception

    Charulata holds one of the highest ratings for an Indian film in Rotten Tomatoes, a 96% 'fresh' rating. It also holds an 8.4/10 rating on imdb. It has been widely regarded as one of the finest films made in Indian cinema history, and has won wide critical acclaim overseas as well.

    In Sight and Sound, Penelope Houston praised the film, stating that "the interplay of sophistication and simplicity is extraordinary". A New York Times review said that the film "moved like a majestic snail, as do all Ray films". In 1965, The Times of London remarked upon the film's depiction of values that seemed influenced by the English, stating that "this stratum of Indian life was more English than England".

    It was shown as part of the Cannes Classics section of the 2013 Cannes Film Festival, even though it had been rejected by the Cannes Film Festival when it was first released. It was awarded Best Director by the Berlin Film Festival.

    Preservation

    The Academy Film Archive preserved Charulata in 1996.

    Awards

  • Silver Bear for Best Director at the 15th Berlin International Film Festival in 1965.
  • Golden Lotus Award for Best Film at the National Film Awards (India) in 1965.
  • Tribute

    The film contains a famous scene in which Charu (Madhabi Mukherjee) sings Rabindranath Tagore's song "Fule Fule Dhole Dhole" on a swing, while looking at Amal (Soumitra Chatterjee). The scene is referenced in the Bollywood film Parineeta during the song sequence, Soona Man Ka Aangan. Indeed, Parineeta 's Lalita (Vidya Balan) is dressed to resemble Nastanirh/Charulata 's Charu. Furthermore, Parineeta is based upon the novel Parineeta by Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay who was a noted contemporary of Tagore (and who also wrote novels concerned with social reform).

    Home media

    In 2013, The Criterion Collection released a restored high-definition digital transfer and new subtitle translations.

    References

    Charulata Wikipedia
    Charulata IMDb Charulata themoviedb.org


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