Changsha Huanghua International Airport (IATA: CSX, ICAO: ZGHA) is the airport serving Changsha, Hunan province, China, as well as nearby cities such as Zhuzhou and Xiangtan. As of 2016， it is the 13th busiest civil airports in China. Located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from downtown Changsha in the town of Huanghua in Changsha County, the airport has two terminal buildings and is currently among the busiest airports in China. The airport is managed by the Hunan Airport Authority, a publicly owned corporation managing all five airports in Hunan Province. Changsha Datuopu Airport/AFB (IATA:
CSX, ICAO: ZGCS) (also called Changsha City) is the second airport serving Changsha and mainly used for military purpose.
Terminal 1 has three concourses. Concourse T1-A covers an area of 34,000 square meters, Concourse T1-B 13,200 square meters and Concourse T1-C 6,100 square meters. The proposed capacity was 6.5 million passengers annually. Terminal 1 was closed and underwent renovations after the new Terminal 2 became fully operational in July 2011. Terminal 1 is expected to re-open in the next year for the increasing passengers. Parking areas P5 and P6 are outside the terminal.
The inaugural of Terminal 2 was on July 19, 2011. With 212,000 square meters of space, the new terminal is the 5th largest airport terminal in mainland China (after Beijing-Capital, Shanghai–Pudong, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen). The 39.9m tall main building of Terminal 2, being 672m in length and 168m in depth, is the largest single steel-truss structure in Hunan. The new terminal has 22 bridge gates, to which the longest passenger walking distance is within 300m. With this new facility, the airport can handle 151,000 aircraft movements and another 15.6 million passengers every year. The peak hour volume of passengers is 3,940.
The Departure Hall has 4 automatic double-glass-door entrances which are directly facing Check-in Areas A,B,C & D respectively. Entrances 1-3 are domestic entrances and Entrance 4 is for International, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan Departures, which will be checked in at Area D. Area A is the exclusive check-in Area for China Southern Airlines. Area B&C are domestic check-in areas for other airlines. The terminal has 80 check-in counters and 24 self-checkin kiosks, 24 security checkpoints and more than 6,390 seats.
The Arrival Hall is equipped with 8 baggage carousels (6 at domestic area and 2 at international area). The indoor parking garage P4, which has 693 parking spaces, is on floor B2. There are also three outdoor parking areas, P1,2&3, which provide over 1000 parking spaces.
Construction for the airport started on June 25, 1986, and the first flight departed on August 29, 1989. Changsha Huanghua airport was approved as an international scheduled-flight airport in the 3rd Pan-Asian aviation conference and flights to Bangkok were the first international service.
On October 28, 2000, the 34,000-square-meter Terminal 1-A, which costs 40.4 million CNY, was open. The airport was capable of handling 4.6 million passengers per year. Afterwards, the construction of Terminal 1-B and Terminal 1-C were finished to ensure growing passengers and cargo.
The airport went through a major expansion in 2008–2011, with lengthening of runway 18/36 from 2600m to 3200m and the addition of Terminal 2 which went into operation in 2011.
The construction of the second runway was completed in November, 2016. The new 3800mx60m Code-4F runway is parallel with the current 18/36 runway and lies 380m to the east. The second runway was due for operation in early 2017 thus enabling A380 flights.
Terminal 1 is also undergoing renovation to allow for the handling of increasing passengers. Meanwhile, The cargo facilities and freighter stands are under expansion.
The airport is undergoing a major expansion eastwards. After the completion of the 2nd runway, Terminal 3 and the east terminal area will be constructed on the east side of it. The airport will be capable of handling 31 million passengers, 320 thousand tons of cargo and 260 thousand aircraft movements annually. The airport becomes a hub in Central China that covers 1,648 hectares of land after this stage. A third runway of 3600m in length will also be constructed and ready for use in 2021.
The third parallel runway of 3600m (4E) will be built to the east of Terminal 3&4, and it is 2000 meters away from the second runway. More concourses are to be added to increase the passenger capacity of Terminal 3. And Terminal 4 is to be constructed beside Terminal 3. The east terminal area, in which both Terminals 3&4 lie, is located between the 2nd and 3rd Runways. At the final stage, the fourth parallel runway (3600m) of 4E will be constructed 1035m in the east of the third runway. Two underground tunnels connecting the west area (Terminal 1&2) and the east terminals (Terminal 3&4) are considered.
The long-term expansion will take up another 2,687 hectares. Changsha Huanghua Int'l airport will become a major hub in China which hosts a number of based airlines. The ultimate capacity of the airport will be 71 million passengers, 1.8 million tons of cargo and 550 thousand movements annually.
As for 2016, Changsha Huanghua International Airport was the 13th busiest airport in the People's Republic of China with 21,296,700 passengers.
Downtown Changsha is about 20 km in the west of Huanghua Int' Airport. There are three main roads connecting Changsha city with the airport.Changsha Airport Expressway(S40): the best choice for a fast ride into Central Changsha and the south parts of Changsha. The toll is 10CNY each time.
Chang-Yong Expressway(S20): the ideal selection for people driving into Xingsha(Changsha County) and the north parts of Changsha. The toll is 10CNY each time.
East Renmin Avenue: free of charge and ideal for drivers who are not in a hurry. Though not as time saving as expressways, 10 lanes are a guarantee for excellent driving experience.
Maglev: The regular-speed Changsha Maglev connects Huanghua International Airport and Changsha South Railway Station, it started operation on 6 May 2016.
The Maglev line is 18.5 km long and trains and runs at a speed of 120kph to finish the journey in just over 10 minutes.
The ticket price is ￥20 between the Airport and South Railway Station. Metro-card holders can receive a 10% discount.
Line1: Changsha West Bus Station (Price: 28CNY single)
Line2: Helong Stadium (Price: 16.5CNY single)
Line3: South Bus Station via Changsha South Railway Station (Price: 21.5CNY single)
Line4: Wuyi Avenue Line (Central Changsha, Price: 16.5CNY single)
Line5: Shaoyang (not operating yet)
Line6: Zhuzhou (Lvyuan Hotel, Price: 33CNY single)
Line7: Xiangtan (Civil Aviation Ticketing Office, Price: 42CNY single)
Line8: Yiyang (East Coach Station, Price: 47CNY single) & Changde(Civil Aviation Hotel, Price: 83CNY single)
Line9: Yueyang (Civil Aviation Ticketing Office, Price: 47CNY single)
Line10: Pingxiang (Dongfang Hotel, Price: 83CNY single)
No.114: to Changsha Railway Station (Price: 2-3CNY single, Operation Hours: every eight minutes at 06h30-18h30, Duration: 65min)
Suburban No.4: to Xingsha Bus Station (Price: 2CNY single, Operation Hours: every ten minutes at 06h30-20hr in summer and 07hr-19h30 in winter, Duration: 45min )
Metro Line 6: planned and expected to start constructions in following years.