Harman Patil (Editor)

Chang Ch'ung ho

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Native name  張充和
Occupation  Educator, writer
Parents  Zhang Wuling
Other name  Zhang Chonghe
Other names  Zhang Chonghe
Notable work  Taohuayu
Alma mater  Peking University
Chang Ch'ung-ho staticilixiangguocomdatauploadthumb20150354
Born  May 17, 1914Shanghai, Republic of China
Spouse(s)  Hans Fränkel (m. 1948; d. 2003)
Children  Emma Fränkel, Ian H. H. Frankel
Died  17 June 2015, New Haven, Connecticut, United States
Similar  Zhang Wuling, Zhang Zhaohe, Bian Zhilin, Kang‑i Sun Chang, Qianshen Bai

Chang Ch'ung-ho or Zhang Chonghe (Chinese: 張充和; May 17, 1914 – June 17, 2015), also known by her married name Ch'ung-ho Chang Frankel, was a Chinese-American poet, calligrapher, educator and Kunqu opera singer. She is hailed as "the last talented woman of the Republic of China" (民國最後一位才女).


Life and career

Chang Ch'ung-ho (Zhang Chonghe) was born in Shanghai in 1914, with her ancestral home in Hefei, Anhui. Her great-grandfather, Zhang Shusheng (張樹聲), was a high-ranking military officer in the Huai Army. Her father, Zhang Wuling (張武齡), was an educator. Her mother, Lu Ying (陸英), was a housewife. She had six brothers and three sisters. Her eldest sister, Chang Yuen-ho (張元和; 1907–2003), was a Kunqu expert. Her second sister, Chang Yun-ho (張允和; 1909–2002), was also a Kunqu expert. Her third sister, Chang Chao-ho (張兆和; 1910–2003), was a teacher and writer, and the wife of the celebrated novelist Shen Congwen.

At the age of 21, she was accepted to Peking University. After graduating from PKU, Chang Ch'ung-ho became an editor for the newspaper Central Daily News.

In 1947, Chang met Hans Fränkel at Peking University, they married in November 1948, and settled down in the United States in January 1949. They had a daughter, Emma Fränkel (傅愛瑪) and a son, Ian Frankel. Ch'ung-ho taught at Yale University, Harvard University and 20 other universities, teaching traditional Chinese culture.

After the Cultural Revolution, Chang visited Suzhou in 1979.

In 1986, Chang Ch'ung-ho and her sister Chang Yuen-ho attended a theatrical performance which was commemorated the 370 anniversary of the death of Tang Xianzu in Beijing.

In the Autumn of 2004, Chang Ch'ung-ho held an exhibition of paintings in Beijing.

On June 17, 2015, Chang Ch'ung-ho died in New Haven, Connecticut, aged 101.

Selected works

  • Taohuayu (桃花魚) or Peach Blossom Fish
  • References

    Chang Ch'ung-ho Wikipedia

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