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Cayambe, Ecuador

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County  Ecuador
Legal creation  July 23, 1883
Climate  14° Csb
Local time  Monday 10:13 PM
Canton  Cayambe
Time zone  ECT (UTC-5)
Elevation  2,830 m
Province  Pichincha
Cayambe, Ecuador httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Urban parishes  List Ayora Cayambe Juan Montalvo
Weather  9°C, Wind NE at 6 km/h, 100% Humidity

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Map of Cayambe, Ecuador

Cayambe is an agricultural service city (population 39,028 at the last census on November 28, 2010) in highland Ecuador. It lies at the foot of the Cayambe volcano. While the city is mainly peopled by mestizos, the surrounding rural population is primarily composed of indigenous people who are mainly involved in subsistence agriculture, dairy farming and procurement of lumber. It's the third largest city in Pichincha Province.

Contents

History

Cayambe's indigenous people of today are descendants of the pre-Inca Kayambi people. The Kayambi were resistant to Inca expansion and were only definitively conquered by Huayna Capac (the eleventh Sapa Inca of the Inca Empire) after a bloody 20-year war. At that time, the Kayambi people adopted the Kichwa language, a dialect of the Quechua family of languages. Not long afterwards, in the 16th century, the first Spanish conquistadores arrived in the region. Kichwa survives in some of the hamlets today, while in others it has given way to Spanish.

Government

The town of Cayambe is the seat of the canton of Cayambe.

Industry

The area hosts numerous flower plantations whose products are destined for the overseas cut flower market. Among the local food products, better known are cheese and biscochos de Cayambe (a crumbly biscuit).

Points of interest

There are two monuments to the Equator in Cayambe: One, is the Quitsato Sundial, a touristic sundial, and very possibly one of the most accurate places in the world created to determine equator position. Two, is a globe monument, known there as "La Bola" (The Ball) located in the 46km from Quito at Pan-American Highway.

In the surroundings of Cayambe are some interesting points to visit: The waterfalls of Cariacu, the virgin forests of Paquiestancia and the arquelogical museum near Puntazil.

References

Cayambe, Ecuador Wikipedia


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